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Portage County, Ohio

portage county ohio health department, portage county ohio board of elections
Portage County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 161,4191 Its county seat is Ravenna2 The county was created in 1807 and organized in 18083 and is named for the portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers4

Portage County is part of the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 Major highways
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Education
    • 51 Higher education
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Villages
    • 63 Townships
    • 64 Census-designated places
    • 65 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 Culture
    • 71 Theaters/Stages
    • 72 Museums
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

The name "Portage" comes from an old Native American path called "Portage Path", which ran between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas rivers, where travelers portaged their canoes The location of the trail today is within the boundaries of neighboring Summit County56

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Portage County was originally part of the French colony of Canada New France, which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed the Province of Quebec In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795

The first European settler in what is now Portage County was Abraham Honey in 1798 in the area now known as Mantua Township, followed by Asa Hall in what is now Atwater Township in April 1799 In June 1799, Benjamin Tappan, Jr arrived and founded Ravenna, David Daniels came to what is now Palmyra Township, and Ebenezer Sheldon settled in what is now Aurora7

1826 map of Portage County with 30 townships

When first settled, the area that presently constitutes Portage County was part of the original Jefferson County, which had been organized in 1797 In 1800, the area was made part of Trumbull County, which followed the boundaries of the Connecticut Western Reserve In 1802, all of what is now Portage County was organized under the name of Franklin Township with other townships being formed later On February 10, 1807 the Ohio state legislature passed the act to create Portage County from Trumbull County and it took effect June 7, 1807 Portage County remained attached to Trumbull County until June 8, 1808, when the first elections were held Initially, the county included a large area of the Western Reserve that encompassed most of present-day Summit County, all of Medina and Huron counties, and parts of Lorain and Ashland counties There were six organized townships in 1808: Franklin, Deerfield, Aurora, Hiram, Springfield, and Hudson with new townships organized later, reaching a maximum of 30 The present-day boundaries of Portage County were established in 1840 following the 1812 creation of Medina County, a slight boundary adjustment in 1827 with Cuyahoga County, and finally the creation of Summit County in 1840, which took 10 townships from Portage County along with 3 townships from Medina County and two from Stark County6

Geographyedit

Gazebo at Towner's Woods Park in Franklin Township, part of the county park system

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles 1,310 km2, of which 487 square miles 1,260 km2 is land and 17 square miles 44 km2 33% is water8

West Branch State Park is a very large state park in central Portage County, consisting of a large green surrounding the Michael J Kirwan Dam and Reservoir There are a number of smaller state and local parks

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Geauga County north
  • Trumbull County east
  • Mahoning County southeast
  • Stark County south
  • Summit County west
  • Cuyahoga County northwest

Major highwaysedit

  • I-76
  • Ohio Turnpike / I-80
  • I-480
  • US Route 224
  • State Route 14

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1810 2,995
1820 10,095 2371%
1830 18,826 865%
1840 22,965 220%
1850 24,419 63%
1860 24,208 −09%
1870 24,584 16%
1880 27,500 119%
1890 27,868 13%
1900 29,246 49%
1910 30,307 36%
1920 36,369 200%
1930 42,682 174%
1940 46,660 93%
1950 63,984 371%
1960 91,798 435%
1970 125,868 371%
1980 135,856 79%
1990 142,585 50%
2000 152,061 66%
2010 161,419 62%
Est 2016 161,921 03%
US Decennial Census10
1790-196011 1900-199012
1990-200013 2010-20131

2000 censusedit

As of the census14 of 2000, there were 152,061 people, 56,449 households, and 39,175 families residing in the county The population density was 309 people per square mile 119/km² There were 60,096 housing units at an average density of 122 per square mile 47/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9440% White, 318% Black or African American, 018% Native American, 082% Asian, 001% Pacific Islander, 022% from other races, and 119% from two or more races 072% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 235% were of German, 110% Irish, 99% Italian, 97% English, 97% American and 52% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000 961% spoke English and 12% Spanish as their first language

There were 56,449 households out of which 3230% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5560% were married couples living together, 1010% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3060% were non-families 2330% of all households were made up of individuals and 740% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 256 and the average family size was 303

In the county, the population was spread out with 2370% under the age of 18, 1430% from 18 to 24, 2860% from 25 to 44, 2230% from 45 to 64, and 1100% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 9540 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9240 males

The median income for a household in the county was $44,347, and the median income for a family was $52,820 Males had a median income of $37,434 versus $26,232 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,428 About 590% of families and 930% of the population were below the poverty line, including 990% of those under age 18 and 570% of those age 65 or over

Using the Gini coefficient to measure household inequality, Portage County received a 43 in 201215 In 2013 161% of the population, or 25,196 people, were poor or impoverished The county saw an increase in its poor population, as this can be compared to a 93% poverty rate 13,395 people in 199916

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 161,419 people, 62,222 households, and 40,757 families residing in the county17 The population density was 3312 inhabitants per square mile 1279/km2 There were 67,472 housing units at an average density of 1384 per square mile 534/km218 The racial makeup of the county was 923% white, 41% black or African American, 14% Asian, 02% American Indian, 03% from other races, and 17% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13% of the population17 In terms of ancestry, 307% were German, 171% were Irish, 115% were English, 110% were Italian, 66% were Polish, and 57% were American19

Of the 62,222 households, 296% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 501% were married couples living together, 109% had a female householder with no husband present, 345% were non-families, and 254% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 296 The median age was 374 years17

The median income for a household in the county was $50,447 and the median income for a family was $65,306 Males had a median income of $46,014 versus $34,250 for females The per capita income for the county was $25,097 About 81% of families and 135% of the population were below the poverty line, including 162% of those under age 18 and 44% of those age 65 or over20

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results21
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 521% 39,971 422% 32,397 57% 4,394
2012 461% 35,242 517% 39,453 22% 1,689
2008 444% 34,822 534% 41,856 22% 1,724
2004 464% 35,583 531% 40,675 05% 389
2000 450% 28,271 500% 31,446 51% 3,182
1996 325% 18,939 506% 29,441 169% 9,858
1992 297% 18,447 424% 26,325 279% 17,363
1988 502% 26,334 488% 25,607 10% 539
1984 571% 29,536 420% 21,719 08% 432
1980 474% 22,829 427% 20,570 99% 4,791
1976 409% 17,927 557% 24,417 34% 1,480
1972 518% 23,294 462% 20,769 21% 939
1968 413% 15,064 448% 16,348 140% 5,093
1964 318% 10,842 683% 23,308
1960 515% 19,634 486% 18,528
1956 591% 18,943 409% 13,128
1952 559% 17,168 441% 13,553
1948 487% 11,621 502% 11,987 11% 268
1944 495% 12,284 505% 12,533
1940 481% 11,777 519% 12,687
1936 358% 8,035 614% 13,798 28% 630
1932 480% 9,586 484% 9,662 37% 733
1928 713% 12,086 281% 4,756 06% 106
1924 624% 8,583 218% 2,994 158% 2,172
1920 590% 8,231 387% 5,405 23% 317
1916 409% 3,142 556% 4,269 35% 272
1912 157% 1,162 387% 2,855 456% 3,37022
1908 512% 4,129 449% 3,625 39% 317
1904 625% 4,712 330% 2,486 46% 343
1900 527% 4,311 446% 3,651 27% 222
1896 500% 4,073 491% 3,995 09% 76
1892 488% 3,310 436% 2,953 76% 515
1888 524% 3,880 440% 3,260 36% 270
1884 521% 3,931 434% 3,273 45% 339
1880 550% 3,990 434% 3,147 17% 122
1876 549% 3,712 445% 3,006 06% 41
1872 580% 3,478 407% 2,438 13% 77

Following a trend seen throughout large parts of Ohio, in 2016 Donald Trump won Portage County by 987 points, becoming the first Republican in almost three decades to win the county, the last time being George Bush in 1988

Educationedit

Portage County is home to eleven public school districts23

District Location Communities served
Aurora City School District Aurora Aurora, small part of Reminderville
Crestwood Local School District Mantua Mantua, Mantua Township, Hiram, most of Hiram Township, most of Shalersville Township
James A Garfield Local School District Garrettsville Garrettsville, Nelson Township, Freedom Township, part of Hiram Township, small part of Charlestown Township
Field Local School District Brimfield Brimfield Township, most of Suffield Township, parts of Tallmadge and Kent which were annexed from Brimfield
Kent City School District Kent Brady Lake, most of Kent, Sugar Bush Knolls, most of Franklin Township, small portion of Streetsboro
Ravenna School District Ravenna Ravenna, most of Ravenna Township, small portion of Shalersville Township
Rootstown Local School District Rootstown Rootstown Township and small portion of Ravenna Township
Southeast Local School District Palmyra Edinburg Township, Palmyra Township, Paris Township, most of Charlestown Township, most of Deerfield Township
Streetsboro City School District Streetsboro most of Streetsboro
Waterloo Local School District Atwater Atwater Township, Randolph Township, small portion of Deerfield Township
Windham Exempted Village School District Windham Windham, Windham Township
Map of school districts in Portage County with township and municipal boundaries superimposed

In addition, there are parts of five neighboring districts which serve portions of Portage County residents23

District Location Communities served in Portage County
Lake Local School District Uniontown small part of Suffield Township
Mogadore Local School District Mogadore Mogadore, small part of Suffield Township
Springfield Local School District Springfield small part of Suffield Township
Stow-Munroe Falls City School District Stow small part of Franklin Township
West Branch Local School District Beloit small part of Deerfield Township

Portage County also has two schools that serve students from multiple districts:

  • Maplewood Career Center in Ravenna, a joint vocational school for students in grades 11 and 12 from 9 of the county's school districts all but Kent and Aurora and Mogadore
  • Bio-Med Science Academy, a year-round public Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine STEM+M high school located on the campus of Northeast Ohio Medical University in Rootstown The Academy has students enrolled from Portage County and adjacent counties24

Higher educationedit

Portage County is home to four institutions of higher learning:

  • Kent State University, located in Kent; a large regional public research university with over 41,000 students It serves as the county's largest employer
  • Hiram College, located in Hiram in northwestern Portage County; a small liberal arts college of around 1,200 students
  • Northeast Ohio Medical University NEOMED, located in Rootstown, in the south-central part of the county It is a public medical school and a consortium of Kent State University, the University of Akron, Youngstown State University, and Cleveland State University, with colleges of medicine, pharmacy, and graduate studies25
  • A campus of Fortis College, a small two-year college of around 300 students in Ravenna specializing in the business and medical technician fields

Communitiesedit

Map of Portage County municipal and township labels

Portage County is arranged as a 4x5 grid of 20 rectangles: 18 unincorporated townships containing 9 cities and villages; and two incorporated townships which are fully occupied by one city each

Under Ohio law, there are two types of incorporated municipal jurisdictions: cities and villages, and any territory within a county that is not part of an incorporated municipality city or village, is part of a township Townships have limited local government and services

The Camp Ravenna Joint Military Training Center, formerly known as the Ravenna Training and Logistics Site and commonly known as the Ravenna Arsenal, occupies much of the land in Charlestown, Paris, and Windham Townships, as well as a small part of Freedom Township

Citiesedit

  • Aurora
  • Kent
  • Ravenna county seat
  • Streetsboro
  • Tallmadge

Villagesedit

  • Brady Lake
  • Garrettsville
  • Hiram
  • Mantua
  • Mogadore
  • Sugar Bush Knolls
  • Windham

Townshipsedit

  • Atwater Township
  • Brimfield Township
  • Charlestown Township
  • Deerfield Township
  • Edinburg Township
  • Franklin Township
  • Freedom Township
  • Hiram Township
  • Mantua Township
  • Nelson Township
  • Palmyra Township
  • Paris Township
  • Randolph Township
  • Ravenna Township
  • Rootstown Township
  • Shalersville Township
  • Suffield Township
  • Windham Township

Census-designated placesedit

  • Atwater in Atwater Township
  • Brimfield in Brimfield Township

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Campbellsport
  • Diamond
  • Freedom Station
  • Hiram Rapids
  • Lloyd
  • Mahoning
  • Mishler
  • New Milford
  • Wayland
  • Yale

Cultureedit

Theaters/Stagesedit

  • Kent Stage

Museumsedit

  • Kelso House Museum, Brimfield
  • Kent Historical Society Museum, Kent
  • Kent State University Museum, Kent
  • Kent State School of Art Galleries, Kent
  • Cowrie-Lowrie-Beatty Portage County Historical Society Museum, Ravenna

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Portage County, Ohio
  • Ohio county government

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 14, 2015 
  4. ^ "Portage County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  5. ^ Cherry, Peter Peterson 1911 The Portage Path Akron, Ohio: The Western Reserve Company Retrieved June 8, 2013 
  6. ^ a b Brown, RC; Norris, JE 1972 1885 History of Portage County Ohio Chicago, Illinois: Warner, Beers, and Company pp 192–196 Portage County received its name from the fact that the old Indian Portage Path, between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers, was, originally, within its limits, though now in Summit County 
  7. ^ Brown and Norris, pp 229–232
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  15. ^ "Portage County - Gini coefficient Portage County, Ohio" portageohnetworkofcareorg Retrieved 2015-09-22 
  16. ^ "The Ohio Poverty Report" PDF Retrieved September 21, 2015 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  21. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  22. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 2,583 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 681 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 101 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 5 votes
  23. ^ a b Exner, Rich 2008 "Property Tax 2007" Clevelandcom Business The Plain Dealer Retrieved 2008-10-11 
  24. ^ Bio-Med Science Academy
  25. ^ "About - NEOMED" Northeast Ohio Medical University 2012 Retrieved August 31, 2012 

External linksedit

  • Portage County Government website
  • US Census Bureau Quickfacts for Portage County, Ohio
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 41°10′N 81°12′W / 4117°N 8120°W / 4117; -8120

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