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Port-aux-Français

port aux francais, port-aux-francais kerguelen islands
Port-aux-Français is the capital settlement of the Kerguelen Islands, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, in the south Indian Ocean The port station is located on the Gulf of Morbihan, at 49°21′00″S 70°13′08″E / 4935°S 70219°E / -4935; 70219 It has about 45 inhabitants in winter; the population can rise to more than 120 in summer

The station was selected in 1949 by the chief of mission Pierre Sicaud because of its sheltered position which was suitable for a runway that was never built From 1955 to 1957, and using Australian equipment, a French slaughterhouse company called Sidap constructed a sealing factory The factory opened following the first marriage on the islands, that of Marc Pechenart and Martine Raulin on 16 December 1957 The factory closed in 1960, and the equipment was sent to Réunion in 2005

Contents

  • 1 Organisation
  • 2 Tidal gauges
  • 3 Climate
  • 4 References

Organisationedit

Port-aux-Français has a shallow seaport and a quay for unloading supply ships, including the Marion Dufresne The station, in addition to logistics necessary to its operation, consists of scientific laboratories biology, geophysics, technical installations meteorology, telecommunications, satellite tracking, et cetera, and a small medical centre

Tidal gaugesedit

The base of Port-aux-Français is equipped with a recently installed marigraphic station, having 3 measuring devices:

  • two tide gauges to measure pressure at sea bottom
  • a radar measuring the sea level

The two marigraphs and the radar send data to a local server, which relays them hourly to the Internet via the Argos satellite system

Climateedit

Port-aux-Français has an ocean moderated mild tundra climate Köppen climate classification ET1 Temperatures without windchill tend to remain fairly stable throughout the year, rarely reaching over 18 °C 64 °F or falling below −8 °C 18 °F2 The average temperature in February, the warmest month, is 75 °C 455 °F with a maximum of 115 °C 527 °F during the day and 43 °C 397 °F during the night In winter, August and July are the coldest months, averaging 48 to 50 °C 406 to 410 °F during the day and −08 °C 306 °F at night Snowfall is possible in all months, even in summer though it is more common during the winter months than during the summer months The climate is windier than in most places, with wind speeds that can reach 80m/s3 The lowest recorded temperature was −95 °C 149 °F on 11 August 2014, which beats the old record of −94 °C 151 °F set in June 19534 The highest temperature was 230 °C 734 °F on 30 January 19595

Climate data for Port-aux-Français, Kerguelen Islands
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 230
734
223
721
210
698
230
734
168
622
145
581
134
561
144
579
158
604
191
664
213
703
216
709
230
734
Average high °C °F 112
522
115
527
107
513
88
478
66
439
50
41
48
406
50
41
53
415
68
442
84
471
102
504
79
462
Daily mean °C °F 72
45
75
455
70
446
56
421
37
387
24
363
20
356
20
356
22
36
33
379
47
405
63
433
45
401
Average low °C °F 41
394
43
397
37
387
26
367
09
336
−03
315
−08
306
−08
306
−07
307
04
327
16
349
31
376
15
347
Record low °C °F −15
293
−10
302
−09
304
−27
271
−59
214
−94
151
−80
176
−95
149
−77
181
−50
23
−37
253
−12
298
−95
149
Average precipitation mm inches 489
1925
455
1791
594
2339
670
2638
690
2717
562
2213
651
2563
667
2626
653
2571
546
215
526
2071
576
2268
7079
2787
Average precipitation days 16 13 17 18 19 20 21 22 21 20 18 18 223
Average rainy days 16 13 16 16 14 13 13 13 12 13 14 16 169
Average snowy days 1 0 2 4 6 10 11 13 12 11 7 2 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 188 159 147 114 94 71 84 105 126 151 175 186 1,600
Source #1: NOAA normals 1961-19903
Source #2: Weatherbase record high and low6 precipitation, snow, and rainy days2

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Peel, M C and Finlayson, B L and McMahon, T A 2007 "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" PDF Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 11: 1633–1644 ISSN 1027-5606 doi:105194/hess-11-1633-2007 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  2. ^ a b "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Port Aux Francais, France" Weatherbase Retrieved February 28, 2013 
  3. ^ a b "Climate Normals for Port Aux Francais 1961-1990" National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved February 28, 2013 
  4. ^ http://wwwogimetcom/cgi-bin/gsynresind=61998&decoded=yes&ndays=2&ano=2014&mes=08&day=12&hora=00
  5. ^ http://docslibnoaagov/rescue/cd008A_pdf/0025873dpdf
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Port-Aux-Francais, French Southern and Antarctic Lands" Weatherbase Retrieved February 28, 2013 

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