Pont de Normandiepont de normandie, pont de normandie bridge
The Pont de Normandie is a cable-stayed road bridge that spans the river Seine linking Le Havre to Honfleur in Normandy, northern France Its total length is 2,14321 metres 7,032 ft – 856 metres 2,808 ft between the two piers It is also the last bridge to cross the Seine before it empties into the ocean Despite being a motorway toll bridge, there is a footpath as well as a narrow cycle lane in each direction allowing pedestrians and cyclists to cross the bridge free of charge1
- 1 Construction
- 2 Structure
- 3 Gallery
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The bridge was designed by Michel Virlogeux, the general studies have been led by Bernard Raspaud from Bouygues, and the works management was shared between G Barlet and P Jacquet The architects were François Doyelle and Charles Lavigne2 Construction by Bouygues, Campenon Bernard, Dumez, Monberg & Thorsen, Quillery, Sogea and Spie Batignolles2 began in 1988 and lasted 7 years The bridge opened on 20 January 1995
At that time the bridge was both the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, and had the record for the longest distance between piers for any cable-stayed bridge It was more than 250 metres 820 ft longer between piers than the previous record This record was lost in 1999 to the Tatara Bridge in Japan Its record for length for a cable-stayed bridge was lost in 2004 to the 2883 meters of the Rio-Antirrio At the end of construction, the total cost for the bridge, all ancillary structures and finance costs was $465 million and was financed by Natixis The bridge on its own cost €233 million US$250 million34
The cable-stayed design was chosen because it was both cheaper and more resistant to high winds than a suspension bridge Shortly after opening, the longest cables exhibited excessive vibrations, so several damping systems were quickly retrofitted
The span, 236 metres 77 ft wide, is divided into four lanes for traffic and two lanes for pedestrians The pylons, made of concrete, are shaped as upside-down Ys They weigh more than 20,000 tonsclarification needed and are 21477 metres 705 ft tall More than 19,000 tonsclarification needed of steel and 184 Freyssinet cables were used
Side of Pont de Normandie
From the freeway A29
View from Honfleur
Bridge on the north side
- List of crossings of the River Seine
- List of longest cable-stayed bridge spans
- List of tallest bridges in the world
- ^ Current price list
- ^ a b Normandy Bridge at Structurae Retrieved 30 September 2006
- ^ Template:Citation = http://wwwplanete-tpcom/en/IMG/pdf/3 cle67bb35-5pdf
- ^ "Construction Facts - The Sourcebook of Statistics, Records and Resources" PDF, Engineering News Record, McGraw Hill, vol 251, Number 20a, November 2003, retrieved 9 August 2014
- Website of Pont de Normandie and Pont de Tancarville in French
- Website of the company operating the bridge in French
Panoramic view of the 'Pont de Normandie'
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pont de Normandie|
|World's longest cable-stayed bridge span|
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