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Polk County, Oregon

polk county oregon sheriff's office, polk county oregon assessor property search
Polk County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,4031 The county seat is Dallas2 The county is named for James Knox Polk, the 11th president of the United States

Polk County is part of the Salem, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA Combined Statistical Area It is located in the Willamette Valley

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Agricultural field and tree near Perrydale

The Oregon Provisional Legislature created Polk County from Yamhill District on December 22, 1845, granting to it the entire southwestern portion of present-day Oregon to the California border County boundaries were periodically changed to reflect the creation of Benton and Lincoln counties Many other counties were subsequently carved out of these as settlement spread towards the south, leaving Polk County many counties away from its former border with California

The first county seat was a settlement on the north side of Rickreall Creek named Cynthian also known as Cynthia Ann In 1852 city officials renamed Cynthian to Dallas after Vice President George M Dallas, vice president 1845-1849 to James Polk During the 1880s and 1890s, there were a series of unsuccessful efforts to move the county seat to nearby Independence

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 744 square miles 1,930 km2, of which 741 square miles 1,920 km2 is land and 31 square miles 80 km2 04% is water3

About two thirds of Polk County, the western part, is forest, mostly of the coniferous and mixed varieties, bordering on temperate rain forest around Laurel Mountain, the wettest place in Oregon4

The eastern half of the county lies in the Willamette Valley The Willamette River forms the eastern border of the county, separating it from neighboring Marion County

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Yamhill County north
  • Marion County east
  • Benton County south
  • Lincoln County west
  • Tillamook County northwest
  • Linn County southeast

National protected areasedit

  • Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge
  • Siuslaw National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 3,625
1870 4,701 297%
1880 6,601 404%
1890 7,858 190%
1900 9,923 263%
1910 13,469 357%
1920 14,181 53%
1930 16,858 189%
1940 19,989 186%
1950 26,317 317%
1960 26,523 08%
1970 35,349 333%
1980 45,203 279%
1990 49,541 96%
2000 62,380 259%
2010 75,403 209%
Est 2016 81,823 85%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census1011 of 2010, there were 75,403 people, 28,288 households, and 19,545 families residing in the county The population density was 102 people per square mile 39/km² There were 30,302 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile 16/km² The racial makeup of the county was 859% White, 06% Black or African American, 21% Native American, 19% Asian, 03% Pacific Islander, 54% from other races, and 38% from two or more races 121% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 28,288 households out of which 324% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 542% were married couples living together, 103% had a female householder with no husband present, and 309% were non-families 23% of all households were made up of individuals and 98% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 260 and the average family size was 306

In the county, the population was spread out with 243% under the age of 18 and 148% 65 years of age or older The median age was 371 years For every 100 females there were 948 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 918 males

As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the county was $42,311, and the median income for a family was $50,483 Males had a median income of $36,667 versus $26,272 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,282 About 630% of families and 1150% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1250% of those under age 18 and 550% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 75,403 people, 28,288 households, and 19,545 families residing in the county12 The population density was 1018 inhabitants per square mile 393/km2 There were 30,302 housing units at an average density of 409 per square mile 158/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 859% white, 21% American Indian, 19% Asian, 06% black or African American, 03% Pacific islander, 54% from other races, and 38% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 121% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 224% were German, 164% were English, 104% were Irish, and 64% were American14

Of the 28,288 households, 324% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 542% were married couples living together, 103% had a female householder with no husband present, 309% were non-families, and 230% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 260 and the average family size was 306 The median age was 371 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $50,975 and the median income for a family was $61,418 Males had a median income of $46,616 versus $35,371 for females The per capita income for the county was $24,345 About 88% of families and 129% of the population were below the poverty line, including 172% of those under age 18 and 68% of those age 65 or over15

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 470% 18,940 408% 16,420 123% 4,935
2012 505% 17,819 462% 16,292 33% 1,146
2008 489% 17,714 484% 17,536 26% 957
2004 550% 19,508 436% 15,484 14% 497
2000 527% 14,988 419% 11,921 54% 1,540
1996 453% 11,478 432% 10,942 115% 2,911
1992 394% 10,082 373% 9,551 234% 5,981
1988 512% 10,553 467% 9,626 21% 442
1984 592% 12,678 406% 8,709 02% 45
1980 487% 10,006 382% 7,833 131% 2,692
1976 487% 8,528 464% 8,141 49% 861
1972 576% 8,985 379% 5,908 46% 716
1968 557% 6,997 395% 4,961 49% 613
1964 371% 4,319 627% 7,292 02% 18
1960 594% 6,709 405% 4,578 01% 11
1956 613% 6,404 387% 4,047 00% 0
1952 694% 6,850 302% 2,983 04% 36
1948 540% 4,328 431% 3,451 29% 233
1944 532% 3,904 452% 3,318 16% 118
1940 504% 4,211 488% 4,077 07% 60
1936 346% 2,246 569% 3,694 86% 558
1932 391% 2,548 569% 3,705 40% 261
1928 644% 3,244 343% 1,724 13% 66
1924 528% 2,755 310% 1,621 162% 847
1920 590% 2,709 360% 1,653 51% 232
1916 479% 2,899 470% 2,844 51% 311
1912 321% 1,043 369% 1,201 310% 1,008
1908 519% 1,456 397% 1,113 85% 238
1904 637% 1,380 240% 521 123% 267

Though Polk County is located in western Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Polk County, as well as most rural counties in Oregon, are members of the Republican Party17

In the 2012 presidential election, 5054 percent of Polk County voters voted for Republican Mitt Romney, while 4621 percent voted for Democrat Barack Obama, and 325 percent either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate18 These numbers show a shift toward the Republican candidate when compared to the 2008 presidential election, in which 4892% of Polk County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 4843 percent voted for Barack Obama, and 264 percent either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate19 Obama’s 2008 performance was the best by a Democrat since Lyndon Johnson carried the county in 1964; the only other Democrats to ever carry Polk County have been Franklin Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936, Woodrow Wilson in 1912, and William Jennings Bryan in 189620

Economyedit

The major industries of the county are agriculture, forest products, manufacturing, and education Polk County has the second-largest area devoted to viticulture in Oregon, at 1,322 acres 535 km2 Western Oregon University in Monmouth is a major employer

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Dallas county seat
  • Falls City
  • Independence
  • Monmouth
  • Salem part
  • Willamina part

Census-designated placesedit

  • Eola
  • Fort Hill
  • Grand Ronde
  • Rickreall

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Airlie
  • Ballston
  • Bethel
  • Black Rock
  • Bridgeport
  • Brunks Corner
  • Buena Vista
  • Crowley
  • Ellendale
  • Lewisville
  • McCoy
  • Modeville
  • Pedee
  • Perrydale
  • Salt Creek
  • Suver
  • Valley Junction
  • Valsetz
  • Zena

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Polk County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-11-15 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  4. ^ "Geography & Climate" Moving To Portland Retrieved 2012-03-28 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2011-05-14 
  11. ^ "Polk County, Oregon" State & County QuickFacts United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2014-03-20 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  17. ^ "Voter Registration by County" PDF Oregon Secretary of State February 2014 p 1 Retrieved 2014-03-20 
  18. ^ "November 6, 2012, General Election Abstract of Votes: United States President" PDF Oregon Secretary of State Retrieved 2014-03-20 
  19. ^ "November 4, 2008, General Election Abstracts of Votes: United States President" PDF Oregon Secretary of State Retrieved 2014-03-20 
  20. ^ Menendez, Albert J; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp 284-285 ISBN 0786422173

Further readingedit

  • HO Lang ed, History of the Willamette Valley: Being a Description of the Valley and its Resources, with an Account of its Discovery and Settlement by White Men, and its Subsequent History; Together with Personal Reminiscences of its Early Pioneers Portland: Himes and Lang, 1885
  • Portrait and Biographical Record of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Containing Original Sketches of Many Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present Chicago: Chapman Publishing Co, 1903

External linksedit

  • Media related to Polk County, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 44°55′N 123°25′W / 4491°N 12342°W / 4491; -12342

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Polk County, Oregon


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