Mon . 18 Dec 2018

Politics of Manitoba

politics of manitoba canada, politics of manitoba hydro
Manitoba is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, similar to those of the other Canadian provinces and territories The executive branch is formed by the majority party; the party leader is the Premier of Manitoba, the head of the executive branch The head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, who is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on advice of the Prime Minister The head of state is primarily a ceremonial role, although the Lieutenant Governor has the official responsibility of ensuring that Manitoba always has a duly constituted government Manitoba is represented in federal politics by fourteen Members of Parliament and six Senators

The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba was established on July 14, 1870 After the control of Rupert's Land was passed from Great Britain to the Government of Canada in 1869, Manitoba attained full-fledged rights and responsibilities of self-government as the first Canadian province carved out of the Northwest Territories The Legislative Assembly consists of the fifty-seven Members elected to represent the people of Manitoba Manitoba's primary political parties are the New Democratic Party of Manitoba NDP and the Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba

The current premier of Manitoba is Brian Pallister, who replaced Greg Selinger of the New Democratic Party to lead the Conservative majority government of 40 seats The New Democratic Party holds 14 seats, and the Liberal Party with 3 seats; however, the Liberal Party does not have official party status in the Manitoba LegislatureThe last general election was held on April 19, 2016 Historically, political parties first appeared between 1878 and 1883, with a two-party system Liberals and Conservatives The United Farmers of Manitoba appeared in 1922, and later merged with the Liberals in 1932 to form the dominant political party Other parties, including the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation CCF, appeared during the Great Depression; in the 1950s, Manitoban politics became a three-party system, and the Liberal party gradually declined in power The CCF became the NDP, which came to power in 1969 Since then, the Conservatives and the NDP have been the dominant parties

Manitoba's judiciary consists of three courts: the Court of Appeal, the Court of Queen's Bench, and the Provincial Court The Provincial Court is primarily a criminal court; 95% of criminal cases in Manitoba are heard in this court The Court of Queen's Bench is the highest trial court in Manitoba It has four jurisdictions: family law child and family services cases, civil law, criminal law for indictable offences, and appeals for Provincial Court decisions The Court of Appeal hears appeals from both the Court of Queen's Bench and the Provincial Court; decisions of this court can only be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada

Contents

  • 1 Electoral history
    • 11 Before World War I
    • 12 Farmers, Labour, CCF and Duff Roblin 1915–1969
    • 13 Recent history 1969 to present
  • 2 See also
  • 3 References

Electoral history

Before World War I

Elections to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba 1879–1914 – seats won by party
Government Conservative Liberal Conservative
Party 1879 1883 1886 1888 1892 1896 1899 1903 1907 1910 1914
    Liberal-Conservative 7 2 3
    Conservative 6 20 20 4 9 5 18 32 28 28 28
    Liberal 2 10 15 33 26 32 7 8 13 13 20
    National Party 1
    Patrons of Industry 2
    Independent Conservative 2 2
    Independent Liberal 1 2
    Independent 5 1 1 1 1
Total 24 30 35 38 40 40 40 40 41 41 49

Farmers, Labour, CCF and Duff Roblin 1915–1969

Elections to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba 1915–1966 – seats won by party
Government Liberal UFM Progressive L-P Coalition L-P Progressive Conservative
Party 1915 1920 1922 1927 1932 1936 1941 1945 1949 1953 1958 1959 1962 1966
    Liberal 40 21 8 7 13 14
    Liberal-Progressive 38 23 27 25 31 32 19 11
    Independent Liberal-Progressive 3
    Conservative 5 8 7 15 10 16 12
    Anti-Coalition Conservative 3
    Progressive Conservative 13 9 12 26 36 36 31
    Farmer 12
    United Farmers of Manitoba 28
    Progressive 29
    Labour 9
    Independent Labour 6 1 5
    ILP-CCF 7
    Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 3 9 7 5 11 10
    New Democratic Party 7 11
    Social Democratic 1 1
    Socialist 1
    Social Credit 5 3 2 2 1 1
    Communist 1
    Labour Progressive 1 1 1
    Independent 1 3 6 1 2 3 7 5 9 2 1
Total 47 55 55 55 55 55 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57

Recent history 1969 to present

Elections to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba 1969–2016 – seats won by party
Government NDP PC NDP PC NDP PC
Party 1969 1973 1977 1981 1986 1988 1990 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2016
    New Democratic Party 28 31 23 34 30 12 20 23 32 35 36 37 14
    Progressive Conservative 22 21 33 23 26 25 30 31 24 20 19 19 40
    Liberal 5 5 1 1 20 7 3 1 2 2 1 3
    Social Credit 1
    Independent 1
Total 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 57
 % share of popular vote by party
Party 1969 1973 1977 1981 1986 1988 1990 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2016
New Democratic 3827 4231 3862 4738 4150 2362 2880 3281 4451 4947 4800 4616 2574
Progressive 181 051 018 024
Progressive Conservative 3556 3673 4875 4382 4056 3837 4199 4287 4084 3619 3789 4371 5320
Liberal 2399 1904 1229 670 1392 3552 2815 2372 1340 1319 1239 752 1424
Social Credit 136 037 027
Confederation of Regions 244 132 032
Western Canada Concept 014
Western Independence 045 028
Manitoba Party 111
Green 020 096 134 252 517
Independent 060 149 024 085 039 009 047 025 004 030 005 046
Other 022 006 007 005 008 014 013 013 080 014 009 004 007

See also

  • Canadian politics portal
  • Manitoba portal
  • List of Manitoba general elections
  • Monarchy in Manitoba
  • Politics of Canada
  • Political culture of Canada
  • Council of the Federation
  • List of Manitoba government departments and agencies

References

  1. ^ Summers, Harrison Boyd Unicameral Legislatures Vol 11 Wilson; 1936 OCLC 1036784 p 9
  2. ^ a b Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba Roles and Responsibilities
  3. ^ Government of Canada Members of Parliament
  4. ^ Government of Canada Senators
  5. ^ Dupont, Jerry The Common Law Abroad: Constitutional and Legal Legacy of the British Empire Fred B Rothman & Co; 2000 ISBN 0-8377-3125-9 p 139–142
  6. ^ Hogg, Peter W Necessity in Manitoba: The Role of Courts in Formative or Crisis Periods In: Shimon Shetreet The Role of Courts in Society Aspen Publishing; 1988 ISBN 90-247-3670-6 p 9
  7. ^ Elections Manitoba 39th General Election
  8. ^ a b c d e Adams, Chris Manitoba’s Political Party Systems: An Historical Overview Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association 2006-09-17:2–23
  9. ^ Manitoba Courts Provincial Court – Description of the Court’s Work; 2006-09-21
  10. ^ Brawn, Dale The Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba, 1870–1950: A Biographical History Toronto: University of Toronto Press; 2006 ISBN 0-8020-9225-X p 16–20

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