Politics of East Timor


Politics of East Timor takes place in a framework of a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic,123 whereby the Prime Minister of East Timor is the head of government and the President of East Timor exercises the functions of head of state East Timor has a multi-party system Executive power is exercised by the president and the government Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Parliament The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature The East Timorese constitution was modelled on that of Portugal, though the president is less powerful than their Portuguese counterpart2 The country is still in the process of building its administration and governmental institutions

Contents

  • 1 Executive branch
  • 2 Legislative branch
  • 3 Political parties and elections
  • 4 Judicial branch
  • 5 Administrative divisions
  • 6 Cabinet
  • 7 External links
  • 8 References

Executive branchedit

Government Palace in Dili

The head of state of the East Timorese republic is the President, who is directly elected by popular vote for a five-year term and whose executive powers are somewhat limited by the constitution, though he or she is able to veto legislation, which can be overridden by the parliament Following elections, the president usually appoints as the prime minister, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition As head of government the prime minister presides over the cabinet

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Francisco Guterres FRETILIN 20 May 2017
Prime Minister Rui Maria de Araújo FRETILIN 16 February 2015

Legislative branchedit

Parliament of East Timor

The unicameral Timorese National Parliament Parlamento Nacional has 65 members elected by proportional representation d'Hondt method for a five-year term The number of seats can vary from a minimum of 52 to a maximum of 65, though it exceptionally had 88 members during its first term which also exceptionally lasted six years – from 2001 to 2007 – this was because the constitution provided that the 88-member Constitutional Assembly would become the first parliament after the constitution entered into force in 2002

The East Timorese constitution was modelled on that of Portugal The country is still in the process of building its administration and governmental institutions

Political parties and electionsedit

For other political parties, see List of political parties in East Timor An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in East Timor e  d Summary of the 17 March and 16 April 2012 East Timorese presidential election results
Candidates Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Taur Matan Ruak Independent supported by CNRT 119,462 2571 275,471 6123
Francisco Guterres FRETILIN 133,635 2876 174,408 3877
José Ramos-Horta Independent 81,231 1748  
Fernando de Araújo Democratic Party 80,381 1730
Rogério Lobato Independent, member of FRETILIN 16,219 349
José Luís Guterres Frenti-Mudança 9,235 199
Manuel Tilman KOTA 7,226 156
Abílio Araújo PNT 6,294 135
Lucas da Costa Independent, member of Democratic Party 3,862 083
Francisco Gomes PLPA 3,531 076
María do Céu Independent 1,843 040
Angelita Pires Independent 1,742 037
Valid votes 464,661 9484 449,879 9808
Invalid votes 18,788 383 6,801 148
Blank votes 6,484 132 2,023 044
Total votes turnout 7820%/7312% 489,933 10000 458,703 10000
Source: CNE, CNE


e  d Summary of the 30 June 2007 East Timorese parliamentary election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente 120,592 2902 21
National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction Congresso Nacional da Reconstrução Timorense 100,175 2410 18
PSD–ASDT
  • Social Democratic Party Partido Social Democrata
  • Timorese Social Democratic Association Associaçao Social-Democrata de Timor
65,358 1573 11
Democratic Party Partido Democrático 46,946 1130 8
National Unity Party Partido Unidade Nacional 18,896 455 3
Democratic Alliance Aliança Democratica
  • Association of Timorese Heroes Klibur Oan Timor Asuwain
  • People's Party of Timor Partido do Povo de Timor
13,294 320 2
National Unity of Timorese Resistance União Nacional Democrática de Resistência Timorense 13,247 319 2
Timorese Nationalist Party Partido Nasionalista Timorense 10,057 242 0
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Party Partido Democratika Republica de Timor 7,718 186 0
Republican Party Partidu Republikanu 4,408 106 0
Christian Democratic Party Partido Democrata Cristão 4,300 103 0
Socialist Party of Timor Partido Socialista de Timor 3,982 096 0
Timorese Democratic Union União Democrática Timorense 3,753 090 0
Millennium Democratic Party Partido Milénio Democrático 2,878 069 0
Total turnout 805% 415,604 10000 65
Source: CNE

Judicial branchedit

The Supreme Court of Justice has one judge appointed by the National Parliament and the rest appointed by the Superior Council for the Judiciary

Administrative divisionsedit

Map of the districts of East Timor Main articles: Districts of East Timor and Subdistricts of East Timor

East Timor is divided into thirteen administrative districts:

The districts are subdivided into 65 subdistricts, 443 sucos and 2,336 towns, villages and hamlets "5"  External link in |title= help; Missing or empty |url= help6 213 KiB

Cabinetedit

Araújo 2015–present4
Minister Name
Prime Minister Rui Maria de Araújo
Minister of State Hermenegildo Ágio Pereira
Fernando La Sama de Araújo Coordinating Minister of Social
Estanislau da Conceição Aleixo Maria da Silva Coordinating Minister of Economy
Dionísio da Costa Babo Soares Coordinating Minister of State Administration Affairs and Justice
Presidency of the Council of Ministers Hermenegildo Ágio Pereira
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Hernâni Coelho
Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Roberto Sarmento de Oliveira Soares
Minister of Defence Cirilio José Cristóvão
Vice-Minister of Defence N/A
Minister of Interior Longuinhos Monteiro
Vice-Minister of Interior N/A
Minister of Finance Santina J F V Cardoso
Vice-Minister of Finance Hélder Lopes
Minister of Justice Ivo Jorge Valente
Vice-Minister of Justice N/A
Minister of Health Maria do Céu Sarmento Pina da Costa
Vice-Minister for Health Ana Isabel Soares
Minister of Education Fernando La Sama de Araújo
Vice-Minister of Education I Dulce de Jesus Soares
Vice-Minister of Education II Abel da Costa Freitas Ximenes
Minister of State Administration Dionísio da Costa Babo Soares
Vice-Minister of State Administration Tomás do Rosário Cabral
Minister of Commerce, Industry and Environment António da Conceição
Vice-Minister of Commerce, Industry and Environment Constâncio da Conceição Pinto
Minister of Social Solidarity Isabel Amaral Guterres
Vice-Minister of Social Solidarity Miguel Marques Gonçalves Manetelu
Minister of Public Works, Transport and Communications Gastão Francisco de Sousa
Vice-Minister of Public Works, Transport and Communications I Januário da Costa Pereira
Vice-Minister of Public Works, Transport and Communications II Inácio Moreira
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Estanislau da Conceição Aleixo Maria da Silva
Vice-Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Marcos da Cruz
Minister of Tourism, Art and Culture Francisco Kalbuadi Lay
Vice-Minister of Tourism, Art and Culture N/A
Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Alfredo Pires
Vice-Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources N/A
Minister of Planning and Strategic Investment Xanana Gusmão
Vice-Minister of Planning and Strategic Investment N/A
Gusmão II 2012-20155
Minister Name
Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão
Vice Prime Minister Fernando La Sama de Araújo
Minister of State Agio Pereira
José Luís Guterres
Presidency of the Council of Ministers Agio Pereira
Minister of Coordinator of Social Affairs Fernando La Sama de Araújo
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation José Luís Guterres
Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Constâncio da Conceição Pinto
Minister of Defence and Security Xanana Gusmão
Vice-Minister of Defence and Security N/A
Minister of Finance Emilia Pires
Vice-Minister of Finance Santina Cardoso
Minister of Justice Dionísio Babo Soares
Vice-Minister of Justice Ivo Jorge Valente
Minister of Health Sérgio Lobo
Vice-Minister for Ethnics and Service Delivery Natália de Araújo
Vice-Minister for Management, Support and Resources Maria do Céu da Costa
Minister of Education Bendito Freitas
Vice-Minister of Basic/Primary Education Dulce de Jesus Soares
Vice-Minister of Secondary Education Virgílio Simith
Vice-Minister of Higher Education Marçal Avelino Ximenes
Minister of State Administration Jorge Teme
Vice-Minister of State Administration N/A
Minister of Commerce, Industry and Environment António da Conceição
Vice-Minister of Commerce, Industry and Environment Abel da Costa Ximenes
Minister of Social Solidarity Isabel Guterres
Vice-Minister of Social Solidarity Jacinto Rigoberto de Deus
Minister of Public Works Gastão Francisco de Sousa
Vice-Minister of Public Works N/A
Minister of Transport and Communications Pedro Lay
Vice-Minister of Transport and Communications Flávio Cardoso Neves
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Mariano Assanami Sabino
Vice-Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Marcos da Cruz
Minister of Tourism Francisco Kalbuadi Lay
Vice-Minister of Tourism N/A
Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Alfredo Pires
Vice-Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources N/A
Gusmão I 2007-20126
Minister Name
Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão
Vice Prime Minister José Luís Guterres Social Affairs
  Management and State Administration
Minister of Defence and Security Xanana Gusmão
Vice-Minister of Defence and Security N/A
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Zacarias da Costa
Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation N/A
Minister of Finance Emília Pires
Vice-Minister of Finance Rui Manuel Hajam
Minister of Justice Lúcia Lobato
Vice-Minister of Justice N/A
Minister of Health Nelson Martins
Vice-Minister of Health Madalena Hajam Soares
Minister of Education João Câncio Freitas
Vice-Minister of Education Paulo Assis Belo
Minister of Internal Administration Arcângelo Leite
Vice-Minister of Internal Administration N/A
Minister of Economy and Development João Gonçalves
Vice-Minister of Economy and Development Cristiano da Costa
Minister of Social Solidarity Maria Domingas Alves
Vice-Minister of Social Solidarity N/A
Minister of Public Works Gastão Francisco de Sousa
Vice-Minister of Public Works N/A
Minister of Infrastructure Pedro Lay
Vice-Minister of Infrastructure José Manuel Carrascalão
Minister of Transport, Communications and Public Works Ovidio D J Amaral
Vice-Minister of Transport, Communications and Public Works N/A
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Mariano Assanami Sabino
Vice-Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries N/A
Minister of Tourism, Commerce and Industry Gil Alves
Vice-Minister of Tourism, Commerce and Industry N/A
Alkatiri 2002-20077
Minister Name
Prime Minister Marí Bim Amude Alkatiri
Vice Prime Minister N/A
Minister of State Anna Pessoa Pinto
Jose Ramos Horta
Vice-Minister of State Olimpio Branco
Presidency of the Council of Ministers Anna Pessoa Pinto
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Jose Ramos Horta
Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Olimpio Branco
Minister of Internal Affairs Rogerio Tiago Lobato
Vice-Minister of Internal Affairs Alcino Baris
Minister of Planning and Finance Maria M B Boavida
Vice-Minister of Planning and Finance Aicha Bassarewan
Minister of Justice Domingos Maria Sarmento
Vice-Minister of Justice Manuel Abrantes
Minister of Health Rui Maria de Araujo
Vice-Minister of Health Luis Maria Lobato
Minister of Education, Culture, Youth and Sports Armindo Maia
Vice-Minister of Education, Culture, Youth and Sports Rosaria Corte-Real
Minister of Internal Administration Anna Pessoa Pinto
Vice-Minister of Internal Administration IIda M da Conceicao
Minister of Development and Environment  
Vice-Minister of Development and Environment Abel Da C F Ximenes
Minister of Transport, Communications and Public Works Ovidio D J Amaral
Vice-Minister of Transport, Communications and Public Works Arq Cesar V Moreira
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Estanislau A da Silva
Vice-Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries F De Sa Benevides

External linksedit

  • Official Web Gateway to the Government of Timor-Leste

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Shoesmith, Dennis March–April 2003 "Timor-Leste: Divided Leadership in a Semi-Presidential System" PDF Asian Survey Berkeley: University of California Press 43 2: 231–252 ISSN 0004-4687 OCLC 905451085 doi:101525/as2003432231 Retrieved 25 August 2017 The semi-presidential system in the new state of Timor-Leste has institutionalized a political struggle between the president, Xanana Gusmão, and the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri This has polarized political alliances and threatens the viability of the new state This paper explains the ideological divisions and the history of rivalry between these two key political actors The adoption of Marxism by Fretilin in 1977 led to Gusmão's repudiation of the party in the 1980s and his decision to remove Falintil, the guerrilla movement, from Fretilin control The power struggle between the two leaders is then examined in the transition to independence This includes an account of the politicization of the defense and police forces and attempts by Minister of Internal Administration Rogério Lobato to use disaffected Falintil veterans as a counterforce to the Gusmão loyalists in the army The December 4, 2002, Dili riots are explained in the context of this political struggle 
  2. ^ a b Neto, Octávio Amorim; Lobo, Marina Costa 2010 "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries" PDF APSA 2010 Annual Meeting Paper Social Science Research Network SSRN 1644026  Retrieved 25 August 2017 
  3. ^ Beuman, Lydia M 2016 Political Institutions in East Timor: Semi-Presidentialism and Democratisation Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge ISBN 1317362128 LCCN 2015036590 OCLC 983148216 Retrieved 18 August 2017 – via Google Books 
  4. ^ 1 Araújo
  5. ^ 2 Gusmão II
  6. ^ 3 Gusmão I
  7. ^ 4 Alkatiri


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