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Pittsburg, New Hampshire

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Pittsburg is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 869 at the 2010 census1 It is the northernmost town in New Hampshire and the largest town by area in the state – and in New England as well – more than twice the size of the next largest town, Lincoln US Route 3 is the only major highway in the town, although the northern terminus of New Hampshire Route 145 also lies within Pittsburg

Pittsburg is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Tourism
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Pittsburg derives its name from William Pitt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Prior to its incorporation in 1840, the area was settled c 1810 and known as the Territory of Indian Stream It had the unique distinction of having been its own microstate briefly during the 1830s, called the Republic of Indian Stream, due to an ambiguous boundary between the United States and Canada

Geographyedit

Pittsburg shares an international border with Québec province, Canada to its west and north, and borders the states of Maine to the east and Vermont a very small portion to the southwest Directly to the south is Clarksville Pittsburg is the only New Hampshire municipality to border Canada, the only one that borders both Maine and Vermont, the only one to share a land border with Vermont, and the only town entirely north of the 45th parallel Pittsburg contains the only part of New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River, as that river defines the Vermont state line from Clarksville southward New Hampshire's only Canadian border crossing is located at the northern end of town at the terminus of US Route 3 The western edge of Pittsburg is defined by Halls Stream, being the "northwesternmost headwaters of the Connecticut River", which defined ambiguously the border in the Treaty of Paris of 1783

Contained within the boundaries of Pittsburg are the Connecticut Lakes, which form the beginning of the Connecticut River Early maps eg 1854 also show several grants that were incorporated into the eastern edge of Pittsburg, including Carlisle No 1, Webster/Carlisle No 2 and Hubbards No 3, all north of Atkinson and Gilmanton Academy Grant

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2912 square miles 754 km2, the largest of any municipality incorporated as a town in both New Hampshire and New England 2814 square miles 729 km2 of it is land and 98 square miles 25 km2 of it is water, comprising 337% of the town2

The highest point in Pittsburg is the summit of Stub Hill, at 3,627 feet 1,106 m above sea level Mount Magalloway, 3,383 feet 1,031 m above sea level, is a prominent summit reachable by hiking trail

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1840 315
1850 425 349%
1860 413 −28%
1870 400 −31%
1880 581 453%
1890 609 48%
1900 687 128%
1910 624 −92%
1920 1,311 1101%
1930 671 −488%
1940 820 222%
1950 697 −150%
1960 639 −83%
1970 726 136%
1980 780 74%
1990 901 155%
2000 867 −38%
2010 869 02%
Est 2015 828 −47%
US Decennial Census4

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 867 people, 386 households, and 264 families residing in the town The population density was 31 people per square mile 12/km² There were 1,281 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile 18/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9827% White, 012% African American, 058% Native American, 023% from other races, and 081% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 046% of the population

Pittsburg School

There were 386 households out of which 223% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 591% were married couples living together, 44% had a female householder with no husband present, and 316% were non-families 267% of all households were made up of individuals and 148% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 224 and the average family size was 267

In the town, the population was spread out with 189% under the age of 18, 54% from 18 to 24, 238% from 25 to 44, 329% from 45 to 64, and 190% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 46 years For every 100 females there were 1059 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1056 males

The median income for a household in the town was $38,516, and the median income for a family was $42,500 Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $25,455 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,703 About 50% of families and 74% of the population were below the poverty line, including 78% of those under age 18 and 115% of those age 65 or over

In 2014 the largest ancestry groups reported in Pittsburg were English 309%, French or French Canadian 210%, Irish 98%, and "American" 92%6

Tourismedit

Pittsburg is a mecca for snowmobile and ATV enthusiasts year round In the winter months thousands of people flock to Pittsburg to take advantage of the state-funded and club-supported and maintained trails that can bring snowmobilers from anywhere in the state of New Hampshire to Pittsburg, with access to the states of Maine, Vermont and the border crossing to Canada Some of the same trails are used in the summer for ATVs Check the Pittsburg Ridge Runners Snowmobile Club and the Great North Woods Riders ATV Club web sites for further information Also, for weather information specific to the First Connecticut Lake in Pittsburg check John's NH Weather for current conditions, forecast and much more

Another focus in the area for tourists is fishing and hunting Pittsburg is home to the four Connecticut Lakes, Back Lake, part of Lake Francis, and numerous smaller water bodies The lakes are annually stocked with fish and allow for weekends of good fishing The area is known for fly fishing Two sections of the Connecticut River are fly fishing only, including the "Trophy Stretch" The Connecticut Lakes Region has attracted anglers and hunters since the turn of the century There are maps on the local snowmobile club's website that can be helpful in planning a trip to the area It shows all trails in Pittsburg as well as roads and access points to the lakes and rivers7

Lake Francis State Park allows for lakeside camping, fishing, and canoeing on the lake or the Connecticut River Deer Mountain Campground enables camping and picnicking on the Connecticut River

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Pittsburg town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "People Reporting Single Ancestry: 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates B04004; Pittsburg town, Coos County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved October 3, 2016 
  7. ^ Pittsburg Ridgerunners Snowmobile Club: Maps

External linksedit

  • Town of Pittsburg official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Pittsburg Ridge Runners Snowmobile Club
  • NH's Connecticut Lakes Region
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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