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Pierre-Georges Jeanniot

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Pierre-Georges Jeanniot 1848–1934 was a Swiss-French Impressionist painter, designer, watercolorist, and engraver who was born in Geneva, Switzerland, and died in France His work often depicts the modern life in Paris

Contents

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 List of honours
  • 3 Recent exhibitions
  • 4 Museums
  • 5 Selected works
  • 6 Publications
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading
  • 9 External links

Biography

The Ritz garden café, Paris, France

The artistic education of Pierre-Georges Jeanniot began with his father, Pierre-Alexandre Jeanniot 1826–1892, a longtime director of l'École des Beaux-Arts of Dijon, France

Pierre-Georges Jeanniot started out pursuing a military career, as an infantry officer 1866–1881 He was a lieutenant with the Twenty-third Infantry from 1868 to 1870 He fought in the Franco-Prussian War, was wounded at Rezonville, and was awarded the Légion d'Honneur He subsequently served with the Ninety-fourth Infantry and the Seventy-third Infantry At the time he left the army he held the rank of major, with the Chasseurs à Pieds[1]

He never ceased drawing He was known for the first time in 1872 at the art exhibition Salon de Paris, where he presented a watercolor painting called Intérieur de forêt The next year he presented the painting Le Vernan à Nass-sous-Sainte-Anne From then on he was a regular contributor to the Salon de Paris, where he presented new works with views of Toulouse, Paris, Troyes, the edges of the Seine, and some portraits

In 1881, after the army offered him the rank of commandant, he resigned to devote himself exclusively to painting He took up residence in Paris His works from this period represent mainly scenes of military life that allowed him to forge a reputation Jeanniot established himself permanently in 1882 and obtained his first award the following year medal third class of the Salon de Paris with his les Flanqueurs 1883, Musée du Luxembourg In 1886, La ligne de feu, souvenirs de la bataille de Rezonville, remembering the Battle of Mars-La-Tour Museum of Pau, assured his notoriety

From then on, he started to show a certain artistic independence He then mostly portrayed Parisian women during the "Belle Epoque", women in bathing suits on the beaches a new phenomenon in those times or scenes on the race course These paintings give us a vivid sociological portrayal of his times But as soon as the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts was founded in 1899, he rallied to their new painting trend

The Wal on the Piers, 1880s, Private Collection View of Seine by Night, 1892, Private Collection

In Paris, he secured himself friendships and memories of Édouard Manet, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Jean-Louis Carnival, Paul Helleu, and especially with Edgar Degas, whom he revered as a master He spent much time with Edgar Degas in his family home in Diénay Côte-d'Or

He was gifted with many talents and also excelled with his drawings He showed in his drawings his passion and his artistic strength They are vivacious, expressive and enthusiastic, while at the same time, rendering with a sense of humour the picturesque scenes of daily life During the next decades he illustrated a large number of literary books, among them Le Voyage à Saint-Cloud, Germinie Lacerteux 1886, Contes choisis" Guy de Maupassant, 1886, Tartarin de Tarascon Daudet, 1887, "Les Liaisons dangereuses" Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, 1917 He was also one of the illustrators of Les Misérables Victor Hugo, 1887, La Débâcle et La Curée Émile Zola, 1893–1894, Le Calvaire Octave Mirbeau, 1901, Le Misanthrope Molière, 1907, Les Paysans Honoré de Balzac, 1911, and Candide Voltaire and many more

He was one of the first collaborators together with Théodore de Banville, Alphonse Daudet and Giuseppe De Nittis of the review La Vie Moderne and also contributed to the review La Lutte Moderne In a later stage he became the director of Journal amusant, while also offering contributions to Rire and L'Écho de Paris

As an engraver, he also sketches ironic scenes from the daily life depicting in lively traits the snobs of Paris His talents suggest a resemblance to the works of Toulouse-Lautrec and Mary Cassatt At the same time he also used the woodcut printing technique allowing vivid contrasts between dark and bright parts of the image

His works can be found in many museums, though most are situated in France Alais, Nancy, Paris, Carnavalet, Pau, Toul and Toulouse, but some in other countries Oslo, New York, Buenos Aires

List of honours

  • 1882: Honourable mention, Salon de paris
  • 1884: Third-class medal, Salon de Paris
  • 1889, 1900: Silver medal, Salon de Paris
  • 1906: Chevalier in the Légion d'honneur

Recent exhibitions

The salon of Madame Lemaire 1891
  • 2015: "Edgar Degas: The Private Impressionist", The Frick Art & Historical Center
  • 2015: "Toulouse-Lautrec and the Post-Impressionists", Arlington Museum of Art, Arlington, Texas
  • 2015: "Toulouse-Lautrec and La Vie Moderne: Paris 1880-1910", Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento
  • 2014: "Toulouse-Lautrec and La Vie Moderne: Paris 1880-1910", Art Gallery of Alberta, Edmonton
  • 2014: "Tea and Morphine Women in Paris, 1880-1914", Hammer Museum, Los Angeles
  • 2013: "Toulouse-Lautrec and La Vie Moderne: Paris 1880-1910", Nevada Museum of Art, Reno
  • 2012/2013: "Le Nu", Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  • 2012: "Modern Women Daughters and Lovers 1850-1918", Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
  • 2010: "Femmes peintres et salons au temps de Proust", Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  • 2010: "The Modern Woman Drawings by Degas, Renoir, Toulouse-Lautrec and other Masterpieces form the Musée d'Orsay", Musée d'Orsay, Paris and Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver
  • 2007: "Des toiles, des voiles, l'île d'Yeu sous le regard des peintres", Historial de la Vendée, Vendée
  • 1996: "Degas beyond Impressionism", National Gallery, London and Art Institute of Chicago
  • 1990: "De Manet à Matisse, 7 ans d'enrichissement au musée d'Orsay", Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Museums

  • Albertina, Vienna
  • Art Institute of Chicago
  • Clark Art Institute
  • Dahesh Museum of Art, New York
  • Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco
  • Finnish National Gallery, Helsinki
  • Harvard University Art Museums
  • Louvre
  • McNay Art Museum, San Antonio
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Minneapolis Institute of Arts
  • Musée d'Orsay
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • National Gallery of Art Washington
  • Smithsonian American Art Museum
  • The Baltimore Museum of Art

Selected works

The Pink Camelia, 1897, Private Collection Exposition Universelle 1889, 1889, Private Collection
  • Partie de Polo, oil on canvas, 1920 sold in 1997 for 40,000 FRF
  • Le Vaguemestre, lithograph, 1915
  • Paysage de la campagne et du village de Villecomte, oil on canvas, 1909
  • Femme au rive de la rivière, oil on canvas, 1908 sold in 1993 for 6,325 USD
  • Après le bain, etching, 1908
  • La lecture, oil on paper remounted on panel, 1906 sold in 1990 for 6,800 FRF
  • Le Dîner à l'Hotel Ritz, oil, 1904[2]
  • L'introduction, watercolour, 1902
  • Femme assise dans un parloir, oil on canvas, 1905 sold in 1995
  • Au tailleur, oil on canvas, 1901 sold in 1987 for US$8,000
  • Le Buveur d'Absinthe, etching and pencil, 1900
  • La Place de la Concorde vue du Jardin des Tuileries, oil on panel, 1900
  • Spectateurs au Polo, etching, 1900
  • Scène de café, 1892 sold in 1985 for US$2,800
  • Nuit sur la Seine, oil on canvas, 1892
  • Barques en Automne, pastel on paper, 1891
  • Portrait d'Edgar Degas, etching, 1891 sold in 1994 for 3,500 FRF
  • Place de la Concorde enneigée, watercolour heightened with gouache, 1888 sold in 1983 for 500 GBP
  • Partie de Polo, oil on canvas, 1887 sold in 1977 for 5,000 FRF and in 1995 for 100,000 FRF
  • Germaine Larceteux, book illustration, 1886
  • Prise d'armes, Place des Invalides, 1883 sold in 1942 for 2,000 FRF
  • Les Flanqueurs, watercolour, 1882, Musée du Luxembourg
  • La ligne de feu, 16 août 1870, oil on canvas, 1886
  • La charge des cuirassiers à Waterloo, drawing sold in 1895 for 60 FRF
  • Vieux paysan limousin sold in 1920 for 400 FRF
  • Chez la modiste sold in 1925 for 190 FRF
  • L'arrivée du mailcoach au château, watercolour sold in 1929 for 900 FRF
  • L'Arlequin, charcoal and wash drawing sold in 1941 for 1,300 FRF
  • La partie de billard sold in 1943 for 4,700 FRF
  • Portrait d'homme sold in 1945 for 1,700 FRF
  • Jeune femme, drawing sold in 1946 for 2,500 FRF
  • Femme dans un intérieur, watercolour sold in 1948 for 9,000 FRF
  • Galopeurs sur le champs des courses, oil on panel, sold in 1995 for 35,000 FRF
  • Elégantes au jardin, wash, charcoal and gouache sold in 1997 for 1,000 FRF
  • En fiacre, charcoal and wash sold in 1997 for 1,350 FRF
  • Elegante conversation, wash, gouache and watercolour sold in 1997 for 1,600 FRF
  • Trois élégantes dans une chairière, wash, watercolour, gouache, charcoal and pencil sold in 1997 for 1,800 FRF
  • Paris, oil on canvas sold in 1997 for 2,000 FRF

Publications

  • Le Rire, la morale avant tout, Éditions Tonnelle, 1899

References

  1. ^ "GEORGES JEANHIOT, ARTIST, 'DIES AT 85; Illustrator of Books'by Hugo and De Maupassant Had a Notable Military Career IN FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR Cited for Bravery, He Became a Major in French Army Palnting Widely Known" The New York Times January 4, 1934 p 19 Retrieved March 31, 2018mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  2. ^ "Biography of Pierre-Georges Jeanniot" Bentley Publishing Group Archived from the original on 2011-09-05 Retrieved 2011-05-07

Further reading

  • Bénézit - Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs; Libraire Gründ, Paris, 1976 ISBN 2-7000-0154-0
  • Osterwalder M, in : Dictionnaire des illustrateurs 1800-1914, Editions Ides et Calendes, Neuchâtel, 1989 ISBN 2-8258-0030-9
  • Robinchon François - L'Armée française vue par les peintres, 1870–1914; Herscher, Paris; ministère de la Défense, Paris, 2000

External links

Media related to Pierre Georges Jeanniot at Wikimedia Commons

  • Works by Pierre Georges Jeanniot at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Pierre-Georges Jeanniot at Internet Archive

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