Philip Khuri Hittiphilip khuri hitti, philip hitti
Philip Khuri Hitti Arabic: فيليب خوري حتي, Shimlan 1886 - Princeton 1978 was a Lebanese American scholar, and authority on Arab and Middle Eastern history, Islam, and Semitic languages He almost single-handedly created the discipline of Arabic Studies in the United States
- 1 Biography
- 11 Early life
- 12 Education and academic career
- 121 Opinion on Arab-Jewish conflict over Palestine
- 2 Prominent relative Christa McAuliffe
- 3 Works
- 4 See also
- 5 External links
- 6 References
Hitti was born in Ottoman Lebanon into a Maronite Christian family, in the village of Shemlan some 25 km southeast from Beirut, up in the Christian-majority Mount Lebanon
Education and academic careeredit
He was educated at an American Presbyterian mission school at Suq al-Gharb and then at the American University of Beirut AUB After graduating in 1908 he taught at the American University of Beirut before moving to Columbia University where he earned his PhD in 1915 and taught Semitic languages After World War I he returned to AUB and taught there until 1926 In February 1926 he was offered a Chair at Princeton University, which he held until he retired in 1954 During World War II, he taught Arabic to serviceman at Princeton through the Army Specialized Training Program including future Ambassador Rodger Paul Davies1 Hitti was both Professor of Semitic Literature and Chairman of the Department of Oriental Languages After formal retirement he accepted a position at Harvard University He also taught in the summer schools at the University of Utah and George Washington University in Washington, DC He subsequently held a research position at the University of Minnesota
Opinion on Arab-Jewish conflict over Palestineedit
In 1944 before a U S House committee, Hitti gave testimony in support of the view that there was no historical justification for a Jewish homeland in Palestine His testimony was reprinted in the Princeton Herald In response, Albert Einstein and his friend and colleague Erich Kahler jointly replied in the same newspaper with their counter-arguments Hitti then published a response and Einstein and Kahler concluded the debate in the Princeton Herald with their second response2 In 1945 Hitti served as an adviser to the Iraqi delegation at the San Francisco Conference which established the United Nations In 1946, Hitti was the first Arab-American witness at the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine Bartley Crum, an American member of the committee, recalled that
Hitti explained that there was actually no such entity as Palestine - never had been; it was historically part of Syria, and "the Sunday schools have done a great deal of harm to us because by smearing the walls of classrooms with maps of Palestine, they associate it with the Jews in the minds of the average American and Englishman" He asserted that Zionism was an imposition on the Arabs of an alien way of life which they resented and to which they would never submit3
Prominent relative Christa McAuliffeedit
Hitti was the maternal great-uncle of Christa McAuliffe, a teacher-astronaut who was killed in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster on January 28, 19864
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- The Syrians in America 1924
- The origins of the Druze people and religion: with extracts from their sacred writings 1928
- An Arab-Syrian Gentlemen in the Period of the Crusades: Memoirs of Usamah ibn-Munqidh 1929
- History of the Arabs 1937
- The Arabs: a short history 1943
- History of Syria including Lebanon and Palestine 19515
- Syria: A Short History 1959, the condensed version of the 1951 'History of Syria including Lebanon and Palestine'
- The Near East in History 1961
- Islam and the West 1962
- Lebanon in History 1957
- Makers of Arab History 1968
- Islam: A Way of Life 1970
- Capital cities of Arab Islam 1973
- Islamic scholars
- Finding aid for the Philip Khuri Hitti papers at the Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota Libraries
- A selection of letters and photographs from the Philip Khuri Hitti papers have been digitized and are available through the Digitizing Immigrant Letters project, Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota Libraries
- A Talk With Philip Hitti
- ^ http://archivearamcoworldcom/issue/197104/atalkwithphiliphittihtm, http://wwwuncedu/depts/diplomat/AD_Issues/amdipl_6/jones_astphtml
- ^ Rowe, D E; Schulmann, R J, eds 2007 Einstein on politics Princeton U Press pp 315–316 ISBN 0-691-12094-3 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
- ^ Crum, Bartley C Behind The Silken Curtain Page 25 Victor Gollancz Ltd, London 1947
- ^ "20 Years LaterRemembering Lebanese American Astronaut Christa McAuliffe" PDF Lebanese Monthly Magazine February 2006 p 18, Volume 1, Issue 2 Retrieved 2009-01-12
- ^ Syria: A Short History, the condensed version of the 1951 'History of Syria including Lebanon and Palestine' 1
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