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Peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase

peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase and blood, peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases
In enzymology, a peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase EC 241129 is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

n- diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-1->4-Mur2Acoyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala- diphosphoundecaprenol ⇌ n+1- diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are

  • n-,
  • diphosphoundecaprenol,
  • GlcNAc-1->4-Mur2Acoyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala-, and
  • diphosphoundecaprenol,

whereas its 3 products are

  • n+1-,
  • diphosphoundecaprenol, and
  • undecaprenyl diphosphate

This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases The systematic name of this enzyme class is undecaprenyldiphospho-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-1->4-N-acetyl-D-mu ramoylpentapeptide:undecaprenyldiphospho-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl- 1->4-N-acetyl-D-muramoylpentapeptide disaccharidetransferase Other names in common use include PG-II, bactoprenyldiphospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-, pentapeptide:peptidoglycan, N-acetylmuramoyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase, penicillin binding protein 3 or 1B, and peptidoglycan transglycosylase This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2BG1, 2UWX, and 2UWY

References

  • Taku A, Stuckey M, Fan DP 1982 "Purification of the peptidoglycan transglycosylase of Bacillus megaterium" J Biol Chem 257 9: 5018–22 PMID 6802846 
  • Goffin C, Ghuysen JM 1998 "Multimodular penicillin-binding proteins: an enigmatic family of orthologs and paralogs" Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62 4: 1079–93 PMC 98940  PMID 9841666 
  • van Heijenoort J 2001 "Formation of the glycan chains in the synthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan" Glycobiology 11 3: 25R–36R doi:101093/glycob/11325R PMID 11320055 
  • Molecular and Cellular Biology portal


peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase and blood, peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase bacteria, peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase function, peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases


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Peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase


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    29.10.2014


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