Pavel Nikolayevich Filonov Russian: Па́вел Никола́евич Фило́нов, IPA: listen; January 8, 1883 – December 3, 1941 was a Russian avant-garde painter, art theorist, and poet
- 1 Biography
- 2 Method
- 3 Legacy
- 4 Selected works
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
BiographyPortrait of E N Glebova the artist's sister, 1915, oil on canvas 117x1525 cm Russian Museum
Filonov was born in Moscow on January 8, 1883 Gregorian calendar or December 27, 1882 Julian calendar In 1897, he moved to St Petersburg where he took art lessons In 1908, he entered St Petersburg Academy of Arts, from which, he was expelled in 1910
In 1910–1914, he took part in the arts group Soyuz Molodyozhi created by artists Elena Guro and Mikhail Matyushin In 1912, he wrote the article The Canon and the Law, in which, he formulated the principles of analytical realism, or "anti-Cubism" According to Filonov, Cubism represents objects using elements of their surface geometry but "analytical realists" should represent objects using elements of their inner soul He was faithful to these principles for the remainder of his lifeA Peasant Family The Holy Family, 1914, oil on canvas, 159x128 cm, Russian Museum
During the years 1913 to 1915, Filonov was close to Vladimir Mayakovsky, Velimir Khlebnikov, and other futurists He co-illustrated Khlebnikov's Selected Poems with Postscript, 1907–1914 alongside Kazimir Malevich during this time In the autumn of 1916, he enlisted for service in World War I, and served on the Romanian front Filonov participated actively in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and served as the Chairman of the Revolutionary War Committee of Dunay region
In 1919, he exhibited in the First Free Exhibit of Artists of All Trends at the Hermitage In 1923, he became a professor of St Petersburg Academy of Arts and a member of the Institute for Artistic Culture INKhUK He organized a large arts school of Masters of Analytical Realism over seventy artists Their work influenced suprematism and expressionism
In 1929, a large retrospective exhibition of Filonov art was planned at the Russian Museum; however, the Soviet government forbade the exhibition from going forward From 1932 onward, Filonov literally starved but still refused to sell his works to private collectors He wanted to give all his works to the Russian Museum as a gift so as to start a Museum of Analytical Realism He died of starvation on December 3, 1941 during the Nazi Siege of Leningrad
Under the umbrella of Universal Flowering, Filonov put forth a manner of working that proceeded from the particular to the general He believed that objects and fields should be built up from small details and bits and stated that doing it the other-way-round was nothing short of "charlatanism" To this end, he worked, and required his students to work, with very small brushes in painting and the finest of points when drawing
Most of Filonov's works were saved by his sister Yevdokiya Nikolayevna Glebova She stored the paintings in the Russian Museum's archives and eventually donated them as a gift Exhibitions of Filonov's work were forbidden In 1967, an exhibition of Filonov's works in Novosibirsk was permitted In 1988, his work was allowed in the Russian Museum In 1989 and 1990, the first international exhibition of Filonov's work was held in Paris
During the period of half-legal status of Filonov's works it was seemingly easy to steal them; however, there was a legend that Filonov's ghost protected his art and anybody trying to steal his paintings or to smuggle them abroad would soon die, become paralyzed, or have a similar misfortune
Heads 1910 Filonov considered this painting to be his first real work
A Man and a Woman Adam and Eve 1912–1913
The Banquet of Kings 1913
universal flowering 1915
The Formula of Contemporary Pedagogy of IZO 1923
Two Heads Rabbles 1925
Countenances Faces on an Icon 1940
- Fine Art of Leningrad
- ^ "Selected Poems with Postscript, 1907–1914" World Digital Library 1914 Retrieved 2013-09-28
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pavel Filonov|
- Pavel Filonov at Olga's Gallery
- in Russian Filonov's biography
- MoMa's Collection: Pavel Filonov
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