Paulus Juusten

Paulus Petri Juusten Finnish: Paavali Juusten, Swedish: Paul Påvel Pedersson Juusten; ca 1516/1520 at Juustila near Viborg, Sweden now Vyborg, Russia – 22 August 1575 in Åbo, Sweden now Turku/Åbo, Finland was the first bishop of Vyborg, and later, bishop of Turku He was an esteemed teacher and a Swedish royal envoy

Early life

Paavali, as he was known before ecclesiastical career, was initially schooled at the Viborg School of Latin His parents, burgher Pietari Juusten and his wife Anna, owned their townhouse near the Blackfriars' monastery at Viborg The street bore the name Juusteninkatu until the town centuries later was ceded to the Soviet Union His parents seemingly died in ca 1530 due to the plague The orphan Paavali was sent to Turku, to study 1534–1536 at the Turku school He was recruited to lecture as an assistant to the head teacher, bishop Martti Skytte The bishop ordained Paulus as a priest in 1540, before he turned 24 that was the regularly required age for ordination

Religious career

Juusten was acting headmaster of the Viborg school 1541–1543, after which the bishop sent him to Germany, to study in several universities He succeeded Mikael Agricola as headmaster of Turku cathedral school in 1548 He was member of the diocese chapter in 1553 and in 1554 In 1554 he was appointed as the inaugural bishop of Viborg, a new diocese He was consecrated as bishop by Botvidus Sunonis, bishop of Strengnes, a carrier of the apostolic succession In 1563 he succeeded as bishop of Turku The king sent bishop Juusten as ambassador to Russia in 1569, where tsar Ivan IV the Terrible kept him as a prisoner for over two years Some sources claim that he received ennoblement from the king after his return in ca 1573 The year he died, Paulus consecrated Laurentius Petri Gothus as archbishop of Uppsala He was buried at the Cathedral of Turku


Juusten authored the Finnish-language catechism 1574, the tale of his Moscow travel, a Mass book 1575 and the Chronicle of Finnish bishops, Suomen piispainkronikka, Chronicon episcoporum finlandensium

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