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Paulding County, Ohio

paulding county ohio sheriff's office, paulding county ohio senior center
Paulding County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,6141 Its county seat is Paulding2 The county was created in 1820 and later organized in 18393 It is named for John Paulding, one of the captors of Major John André in the American Revolutionary War4

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Villages
    • 62 Townships
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 Interesting facts
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 Further reading
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

The Ottawa tribe of Native Americans were the prevalent occupants of the region before Europeans arrived in North America following the 1492 expedition of Christopher Columbus By 1750, however, there were Miamis, Prankaahaws, Delawares, Shawnee, Kickapoos, Muscounteres, Huron, Weas, Wyandotts and Mohawks 2

Under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Continental Congress opened what is now Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin to settlement However, the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolution in 1783 allowed the British to remain in the Northwest Territory until matters were resolved with the Indians General Washington sent General "Mad" Anthony Wayne to subdue the native population He built a series of forts, including Fort Brown, located between Charloe and Melrose In order to defend against Indian ambush, he cut a swath of woods a mile wide, known as the Wayne Trace His campaign culminated in a decisive 1794 victory by the Legion of the United States against Indians led by Chief Little Turtle of the nearby Maumee, Ohio in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, and signing of the Treaty of Greenville in 17953

Paulding County was originally part of territory set aside for Ohio’s Indian people by the Treaty of Greenville, though that did not last long Paulding County was organized by the legislature on April 1, 1820 from lands that were formerly part of Williams County At that point, it consisted of 12 perfectly square townships In 1845, Defiance County was formed from lands that were part of Williams County, plus the northern half of Auglaize Township It was at this time that four sections of Emerald Township were transferred to Auglaize Township

Settlement of Paulding County was slow, due to the difficult living conditions Farmers complained that they grew two crops a year - frogs and ice Many residents suffered from the ague, a disease later determined to be malaria The primary industries were based on the thick forests Many timbers were floated up the Maumee River to be used as ship's masts The trees were so large that one man lived in a hollow tree There were also many who earned money through the winter by crafting barrel staves with an adze

George Washington had promoted the construction of canals to provide interior transportation for the fledgling nation Once the Erie Canal was opened in 1825, entrepreneurs promoted other canals, including the Miami and Erie Canal and the Wabash and Erie Canal The Miami and Erie ran from Lake Erie to the Little Miami River near Cincinnati, through Paulding County, and the Wabash and Erie Canal went west into Indiana, meeting the Miami and Erie in Junction, a community in Auglaize township The canal excitement was so great that people were leaving Fort Wayne, Indiana for Junction, feeling that it had a much brighter future Canal workers choosing Paulding County as their tax home built the county's population to 25,000 people in 1835, a number it has never approached since

The combined canal system was the largest canal system in the world - but was only profitable for a short period The canal was useless in winter, and the banks were constantly caving in, requiring constant dredging to remain passable To protect the banks, canal boats had to operate at extremely slow speed - and the canal system started being abandoned even before it was completely built The coming of the railroad quickly supplanted the canals as the primary means of long-haul travel

A relic of this era is the Furnace Farm near Cecil Ore was brought in by canal, where it was turned into iron using the ample local fuel One furnace remains, where it was allowed to cool without being emptied, there being no point in pouring iron that could not be shipped economically to market

Built in the 1910s, the Paulding County Carnegie Library was the first Carnegie library to serve an entire county instead of a single city5 In addition to the library, Andrew Carnegie matched local funds to install a pipe organ inwhat is now known as Paulding United Methodist Church

In the early 20th century, Paulding had the highest unsolved murder rate of any county in the USA The Purple Gang was thought to be exporting the corpses of their victims to the rural countryside, where they could be dumped without being seen The sheriff argued that they were not local people, not murdered locally, and it was not worth spending large sums of tax dollars on what was essentially a littering problem

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419 square miles 1,090 km2, of which 416 square miles 1,080 km2 is land and 24 square miles 62 km2 06% is water6

The center of the county is 723 feet above sea level,7 and the rest of the county does not vary much from that The land is the most level of any county in the state, and plats look like a checkerboard, with roads every mile This level terrain resulted in Paulding County being entirely within the Great Black Swamp, unlike any other

The county contains US Routes 127, 24, and 30 the Lincoln Highway There are two major rivers, the Auglaize and the Maumee, as well as numerous small creeks The largest bodies of water are manmade ponds

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Defiance County north
  • Putnam County east
  • Van Wert County south
  • Allen County, Indiana west

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1830 161
1840 1,034 5422%
1850 1,766 708%
1860 4,945 1800%
1870 8,544 728%
1880 13,485 578%
1890 25,932 923%
1900 27,528 62%
1910 22,730 −174%
1920 18,736 −176%
1930 15,301 −183%
1940 15,527 15%
1950 15,047 −31%
1960 16,792 116%
1970 19,329 151%
1980 21,302 102%
1990 20,488 −38%
2000 20,293 −10%
2010 19,614 −33%
Est 2016 18,865 −38%
US Decennial Census9
1790-196010 1900-199011
1990-200012 2010-20131

2000 censusedit

As of the census13 of 2000, there were 20,293 people, 7,773 households, and 5,689 families residing in the county The population density was 49 people per square mile 19/km² There were 8,478 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile 8/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9585% White, 096% Black or African American, 029% Native American, 015% Asian, 001% Pacific Islander, 141% from other races, and 133% from two or more races 302% of the population were Hispanic or Latino

There were 7,773 households out of which 3410% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6090% were married couples living together, 810% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2680% were non-families 2300% of all households were made up of individuals and 1030% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 259 and the average family size was 306

In the county, the population was spread out with 2680% under the age of 18, 860% from 18 to 24, 2800% from 25 to 44, 2400% from 45 to 64, and 1260% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 9670 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9540 males

The median income for a household in the county was $40,327, and the median income for a family was $45,481 Males had a median income of $35,809 versus $21,965 for females The per capita income for the county was $18,062 About 490% of families and 770% of the population were below the poverty line, including 950% of those under age 18 and 710% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,614 people, 7,769 households, and 5,467 families residing in the county14 The population density was 471 inhabitants per square mile 182/km2 There were 8,749 housing units at an average density of 210 per square mile 81/km215 The racial makeup of the county was 957% white, 09% black or African American, 03% American Indian, 02% Asian, 13% from other races, and 16% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 43% of the population14 In terms of ancestry, 401% were German, 105% were Irish, 104% were English, and 104% were American16

Of the 7,769 households, 325% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 561% were married couples living together, 92% had a female householder with no husband present, 296% were non-families, and 250% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 251 and the average family size was 299 The median age was 400 years14

The median income for a household in the county was $46,459 and the median income for a family was $56,170 Males had a median income of $38,656 versus $27,182 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,919 About 86% of families and 110% of the population were below the poverty line, including 176% of those under age 18 and 89% of those age 65 or over17

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results18
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 715% 6,500 230% 2,093 55% 502
2012 585% 5,354 387% 3,538 28% 258
2008 543% 5,317 426% 4,165 31% 303
2004 628% 6,206 365% 3,610 06% 63
2000 582% 5,210 378% 3,384 39% 352
1996 437% 3,760 401% 3,449 161% 1,387
1992 384% 3,652 346% 3,293 270% 2,565
1988 628% 5,381 363% 3,114 09% 76
1984 657% 5,545 333% 2,811 10% 83
1980 585% 4,971 327% 2,778 88% 745
1976 514% 3,593 462% 3,229 24% 165
1972 648% 4,553 325% 2,283 27% 189
1968 530% 4,074 352% 2,703 118% 908
1964 422% 3,254 578% 4,465
1960 637% 4,961 363% 2,825
1956 692% 4,885 308% 2,170
1952 670% 4,837 330% 2,386
1948 586% 3,579 411% 2,512 03% 19
1944 657% 4,515 343% 2,355
1940 611% 4,949 389% 3,155
1936 467% 3,853 507% 4,179 27% 219
1932 428% 3,201 556% 4,165 16% 119
1928 618% 4,093 373% 2,473 09% 58
1924 578% 3,648 355% 2,242 67% 422
1920 618% 4,549 372% 2,739 11% 78
1916 522% 2,647 456% 2,313 21% 108
1912 293% 1,542 436% 2,296 272% 1,431
1908 516% 3,049 468% 2,767 15% 91
1904 568% 3,496 407% 2,505 25% 151
1900 516% 3,597 471% 3,284 12% 85
1896 493% 3,580 503% 3,656 04% 26
1892 475% 2,900 491% 2,997 34% 204
1888 505% 2,975 472% 2,781 23% 134
1884 510% 2,182 486% 2,082 04% 19
1880 515% 1,527 483% 1,431 02% 5
1876 527% 1,313 473% 1,180
1872 603% 979 393% 637 04% 7

Educationedit

In 1971, the Ohio Board of Education revoked the charters of Payne, Blue Creek, Grover Hill and Auglaize-Brown school districts Blue Creek was itself the merger of Latty and Haviland schools only a few years prior Payne, Blue Creek, and Grover Hill merged to form the Wayne Trace school district, and Auglaize-Brown joined Paulding Exempted Village Schools

  • Antwerp Local School District 4
  • Paulding Exempted Village School District 5
  • Wayne Trace Local School District 6
  • Vantage Career Center 7

In the late 1950s, Paulding Exempted Village Schools enacted a pay-as-you-go tax for school construction, designed to reduce overall taxes by paying cash for school construction rather than paying high interest rates on bonds The pay-as-you-go concept has been adopted in a number of local government units in Ohio

With students from kindergarten to high school at one location, the Paulding campus of PEVS is one of the largest schools in the state

Communitiesedit

Map of Paulding County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Villagesedit

  • Antwerp
  • Broughton
  • Cecil
  • Grover Hill
  • Haviland
  • Latty
  • Melrose
  • Oakwood
  • Paulding county seat
  • Payne
  • Scott

Townshipsedit

  • Auglaize
  • Benton
  • Blue Creek
  • Brown
  • Carryall
  • Crane
  • Emerald
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Latty
  • Paulding
  • Washington

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Arthur
  • Batson
  • Briceton
  • Charloe
  • Dague
  • Emmett
  • Fort Brown
  • Hedges
  • Junction
  • Knoxdale
  • Mandale
  • McGill
  • Renollet
  • Roselms
  • Tipton
  • Worstville

Interesting factsedit

The Paulding County motto of "No Compromise"8 came from a banner carried by participants in the Reservoir War

Paulding County was the first county in the US to receive funding from steel magnate Andrew Carnegie to build a library Carnegie also matched funds to purchase the pipe organ in the Paulding Methodist Church9

Judge Calvin L Noble of Paulding County spent the better part of his life as a Paulding County resident His claim to fame is that he changed the name of the city of Cleaveland, Ohio to Cleveland Earlier in life, as a printer, he founded the Cleaveland Advertiser As the name was slightly too long to fit atop the page, he omitted the one letter

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Paulding County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 14, 2015 
  4. ^ Miller, Ray April 5, 1953 "Paulding Communities Cut Out Of Great Forests" Toledo Blade pp 7–3 Retrieved 30 April 2015 
  5. ^ Renck, Melissa National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Paulding County Carnegie Library National Park Service, 1982-09-30, 3
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  7. ^ 1
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

Further readingedit

  • Howe, Henry 1903 Historical Collections of Ohio Columbus, Ohio: Henry Howe and Son 

External linksedit

  • Paulding County Library
  • Extension Office
  • Paulding Progress newspaper
  • County Engineer's office official maps of the county
  • West Bend News newspaper
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 41°07′N 84°35′W / 4112°N 8458°W / 4112; -8458

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Paulding County, Ohio


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