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Park End Street

saïd business school park end street oxford, park end street
Park End Street is a street in central Oxford, England,1 to the west of the centre of the city, close to the railway station at its western end

Contents

  • 1 Location
  • 2 History
    • 21 Public house
    • 22 Breweries
    • 23 Railway station
    • 24 Warehouse
    • 25 Marmalade factory
    • 26 Motor trade
  • 3 References
  • 4 Sources

Locationedit

To the east, New Road links Park End Street to central Oxford To the west, Frideswide Square links Park End Street with Botley Road, the main arterial road in and out of Oxford to and from the west Parallel to the street to the north is Hythe Bridge Street At the junction with New Road, Worcester Street leads north and Tidmarsh Lane leads south At the junction with Frideswide Square, Rewley Road leads north and Hollybush Row leads south

Historyedit

Park End Street was built in 1769–70 as part of New Road, a new turnpike road between central Oxford and the west2 It bypassed the earlier and narrower Hythe Bridge Street to the north and St Thomas's High Street now St Thomas' Street to the south Pacey's Bridge was built to carry the eastern part of Park End Street across Castle Mill Stream,23 which is part of the River Thames

The street's name is derived from a wharf where coal from Parkend in the Forest of Dean was delivered by barge4 From the 1840s, railways took an increasing share of coal traffic Inland waterways' share of the traffic declined and in 1885 Park End Wharf was redeveloped for other purposes see below

Public houseedit

By the early part of the 19th century, a public house had been opened at 1 Park End Street on the north side of the street just east of the bridge It was named the Queen's Arms, almost certainly after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen Consort of George III The pub is currently called Lighthouse after being refurbished in 2014

Breweriesedit

In 1885 Park End Wharf was redeveloped as the site of the Tower Brewery,5 which its owner F Phillips then expanded in the 1890s and 1900s to designs by local architect HJ Tollit6

Before the Tower Brewery was built, the Eagle Brewery was already on a site next to the wharf5 Its owner William Miller renamed it the Eagle Steam Brewery to advertise its conversion to steam powered brewing, and then in 1869 sold it to JN Weaving5 In 1871 Weaving demolished part of the brewery to build a granary and in 1872 he added a three-storey malthouse5 Weaving's successor F Phillips continued to expand the business, including the addition of a new tower brewhouse, chimney and other buildings in 1885 designed by HJ Tollit5 No buildings of either the Eagle or the Tower breweries now survive6

Railway stationedit

From 1851 Oxford Rewley Road railway station was on the corner of Park End Street and Rewley Road British Railways closed the station in 1951 and its goods yard in 1984 The station was dismantled and moved to Buckinghamshire Railway Centre in 1999 to make way for the creation of Frideswide Square and building of Saïd Business School7

Warehouseedit

Archer, Cowley & Co's Cantay Depositories furniture warehouse was designed by Tollit and built in 19018 Behind its decorative gabled red brick facade, Cantay Depositories has a steel frame and iron columns cast by William Lucy's8 Eagle Ironworks in Jericho, Oxford As a warehouse the building had 3,840 square feet 357 m2 of storage space and was segregated into sections by armoured, fire-proof doors that would close automatically in the event of fire8 Cantay House is now Oxford Conference Centre,9 a nightclub, and a retail store

Marmalade factoryedit

From 1903 until after the Second World War Frank Cooper's Oxford Marmalade was made at a factory at 27 Park End Street8 now part of Frideswide Square next to Victoria Buildings10 The former factory is now a listed building8 It is now called "The Jam Factory" and houses an arts centre, restaurant, and bar11 "The Jam Factory" also houses Guardian Award winningcitation needed charity, "My Life My Choice" run by and for people with learning disabilities12

Motor tradeedit

From the end of the First World War a number of car and motorcycle traders had premises in Park End Street They included King's Motors and Hartwell's, both of which were founded in Oxford in 1919, and RK Leighton, which was taken over by King's but remained a separate subsidiary By 1930 Basil King had premises in Park End Street with showroom space for 100 motorcycles13 In 1934 King's had larger premises built at 15 Park End Street13 with showroom space for 500 motorcycles14 The 1934 showroom is a two-storey Art Deco building whose facade is of yellow Bath Stone ashlar to match the Royal Oxford Hotel next door HF Temple was another motorcycle dealer in the 1940s/50s; their premises were situated at 46 Park End Street and also 69 High Street, St Thomas, Oxford Temples was the main Oxford supplier for the BSA C11G and C12 and is listed in the 1956 BSA C12 Owners handbook as being the only BSA dealer in the city Source from the 1956 BSA C12 Owners handbook, listing all addresses/suppliers in the UK at this time All but one of the motor traders have now moved to premises further from central Oxford Hartwell's former premises are now a branch of Staples Inc Only King's former premises remain in the motor trade: it is now a branch of Kwik-Fit

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Hibbert, Christopher, ed 1988 "Park End Street" The Encyclopaedia of Oxford Macmillan pp 313–314 ISBN 0-333-39917-X 
  2. ^ a b Rhodes & Munby 2008, p 10
  3. ^ Caton, Judi 1988 Oxford in Old Photographs Alan Sutton Publishing pp 84–85 ISBN 0-86299-462-4 
  4. ^ Anstis 1998, p not cited
  5. ^ a b c d e Woolley 2010, p 79
  6. ^ a b Woolley 2010, p 82
  7. ^ Contact us, Saïd Business School, University of Oxford
  8. ^ a b c d e Woolley 2010, p 91
  9. ^ Conference Centre Oxford
  10. ^ Read & Manjon 1981, p 94
  11. ^ "The Jam Factory" Retrieved 16 January 2013 
  12. ^ "About My Life My Choice" UK: My Life My Choice Retrieved 16 January 2013  External link in |publisher= help
  13. ^ a b Anonymous 1952, p 1
  14. ^ Anonymous 1952, p 2

Sourcesedit

  • Anonymous 1952, King's Motors, Always at your Service, Oxford: King's Motors, pp 1, 2 
  • Anstis, Ralph 1998 1982 "Chapter 8" The Story of Parkend a Forest of Dean Village Witney: Lightmoor Press p not cited ISBN 1-899889-02-7 
  • Read, Jan; Manjon, Maite 1981 The Great British Breakfast London: Michael Joseph p 94 ISBN 0-7181-2004-3 
  • Rhodes, John; Munby, Julian 2008 Castle, Canal & College: Worcester Street Car Park & related areas, Oxford Oxford: Oxford Preservation Trust p 10 
  • Woolley, Liz 2010 "Industrial Architecture in Oxford, 1870 to 1914" Oxoniensia Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society LXXV: 67–96 ISSN 0308-5562 
Next crossing upstream Castle Mill Stream Next crossing downstream
Hythe Bridge Park End Street
Grid reference: SP508063
Quaking Bridge

Coordinates: 51°45′10″N 1°15′57″W / 5175278°N 126583°W / 5175278; -126583

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