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Parinda

parinda hindi movie, parinda
Parinda English: Bird is a 1989 Indian crime drama film co-written, produced and directed by Vidhu Vinod Chopra The film stars Nana Patekar, Jackie Shroff, Anil Kapoor and Madhuri Dixit in the lead roles, with Suresh Oberoi and Tom Alter in supporting roles Anupam Kher makes a special appearance in the film Chopra wrote its story and scenario, while Shiv Kumar Subramaniam wrote the screenplay Dialogue was written by Imtiyaz Husain R D Burman composed the music and Khurshid Hallauri wrote the lyrics Binod Pradhan served as the film's cinematographer and Renu Saluja was its editor

Parinda follows Kishan Shroff, who works for the underworld don Anna Patekar Kishan's brother Karan Kapoor returns home from the United States after completing his studies Anna's men kill Karan's friend Prakash Kher in front of Karan; the two brothers are then caught on different sides of morality when Karan decides to murder Anna

Chopra conceived the film after his low-budget suspense thriller Khamosh 1985 failed to find a distributor for a theatrical release This motivated Chopra to make a more mainstream film with well-known actors, and he wrote a new story about two brothers Parinda received critical acclaim when released It is considered by many to be the turning point in the introduction of realism in Hindi cinema Parinda also won two National Film Awards and five Filmfare Awards, and was India's official selection for the 1990 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but it was not nominated In 2015, Chopra remade Parinda as a Hollywood film titled Broken Horses

Contents

  • 1 Plot
  • 2 Cast
  • 3 Production
  • 4 Soundtrack
    • 41 Track listing
  • 5 Release and legacy
  • 6 Analysis
  • 7 Remake
  • 8 Accolades
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 Further reading
  • 12 External links

Plot

Kishen Jackie Shroff and Karan Anil Kapoor are brothers who grew up alone on the streets of Mumbai To provide Karan with a better upbringing and education, Kishen joins Anna Seth Nana Patekar, a gangster Anna owns an oil factory, which is a front to cover up his illegal activities Karan, unaware his brother is working for a gang, returns to Mumbai after completing his studies abroad Inspector Prakash Anupam Kher, Karan's friend, is aware of Anna's illegal activities and tries to arrest him, but fails due to lack of evidence Anna plans to kill Prakash when he and Karan meet after Karan's return to India Knowing this, Kishan books Karan a seat on a flight to Delhi to avoid involving him in this situation, but the flight is delayed and Anna's henchmen shoot Prakash, who dies in Karan's arms

Paro Madhuri Dixit, Prakash's sister, holds Karan responsible for her brother's death Through Iqbal Sameer Kharkar, a previous messenger of Anna, Karan discovers Anna is a criminal who killed his own family, since then he is afraid of fire Karan also discovers Anna is Prakash's murderer and Kishan works for him Kishan also briefs Karan about Anna's rivalry with Musa Tom Alter Karan tells Paro Anna and his brother killed Prakash and he was unaware about it Later, Karan recognises Abdul Suresh Oberoi as one of Prakash's killers and decides to testify against him Kishan warns Karan that if he does not back off, he will die When Anna's men arrive and shoot at Karan, Kishan is shot and wounded in the crossfire and is treated by a nurse During testimony at the police station, Abdul tells Karan that if he testifies, the nurse treating his brother will kill him Karan leaves in fear of his brother's life He later joins Anna's gang Anna, testing his resolve, tells Karan to kill Iqbal Iqbal shoots himself so Karan can execute his plan without any guilt

Later, Anna orders Karan to kill Musa and sends Francis Shiv Kumar Subramaniam to escort him Karan kills Francis instead and joins Musa Rama Reddy Kamal Chopra is kidnapped and taken to Mussa, who offers him work Karan takes pictures of Rama and Musa together and shows it to Anna, telling him Rama shot Francis Karan then kills Rama on Anna's orders With the help of Musa, Karan eliminates Abdul, finishing all the three of Prakash's killers Karan and Paro get married and decide to leave the city and settle in their old village Anna goes out to kill Musa, believing Musa killed his men, but Musa tells Anna it was Karan all along Karan and Paro are killed by Anna on their wedding night Kishen kills Anna in revenge for his brother's death

Cast

  • Jackie Shroff as Kishan
  • Nana Patekar as Anna
  • Anil Kapoor as Karan
  • Madhuri Dixit as Paro
  • Anupam Kher as Inspector Prakash
  • Suresh Oberoi as Abdul
  • Tom Alter as Musa
  • Anang Desai as Inspector Mirani
  • Kamal Chopra as Rama Reddy
  • Shiv Kumar Subramaniam as Francis
  • Achyut Potdar as a Marriage Priest Panditji
  • Vidhu Vinod Chopra as the corpse
  • Sameer Khakhar as Iqbal
  • Dilip Kulkarni as Inspector Chauhan

Production

In 1985, director Vidhu Vinod Chopra made the suspense thriller film Khamosh, starring Naseeruddin Shah, Shabana Azmi and Amol Palekar The film failed to find distributors and Chopra released it himself with only one print at Mumbai's Regal Cinema In retrospect, Chopra expressed his frustration that nobody would buy Khamosh and he decided to make a more commercial Hindi film about two brothers on the streets of Mumbai, which became Parinda Chopra cast Nana Patekar after he saw him in a play called Purush Naseeruddin Shah and Nana Patekar were considered for the role of Kishan, which later went to Jackie Shroff Kapoor told Chopra that Patekar was not suitable for the role of his elder brother He was then offered the role of Anna, the kurta-pajama wearing gangster of the film Anil Kapoor, who was cast in the role of Karan, asked Jackie Shroff to play his elder brother Shroff was initially hesitant to do the film because he did not want to get typecast in the elder brother role Later, Kapoor made Shroff listen to the songs and he agreed to do the film Madhuri Dixit was cast for Parinda after auditioning for the part

The film's climax was shot at the Gateway of India during night

The location for Anna's headquarters in the film was a water tank on Antop Hill, which was spread with the scrap of nearby slum dwellers Chopra had rented the site from Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation for ₹500 US$780 Parinda was initially named Kabutarkhana While filming the final scene's fire sequence, a fire the crew lost control of a fire they built using rubber solution and petrol, leading to Patekar suffering from serious burns He was critically injured and hospitalised for nearly two months, and returned to filming after a year The set was rebuilt in Film City, where the fire sequence was re-shot under more controlled conditions

The sequence in which Karan and Prakash reunite was filmed at Kabootar Khana, a Mumbai landmark where hundreds of pigeons gather Chopra said this location was "  one of the first things I spotted, probably because of all the pigeons flying around, when I stepped out of Dadar station I thought through the pigeons would could convey the concept of emancipation of the spirit of the dying man" Shopkeepers in that area shut their shops for the shoot believing Chopra was the younger brother of the Prime Minister The film's climax was shot at the Gateway of India on three different New Year Eves because of the minuscule budget Parinda was shot in 66 days Some sequences were also shot at Babulnath Temple The shoestring budget also resulted in Chopra and Patekar getting water bottles on set from home Suresh Oberoi learned to play the flute from Danny Denzongpa for the film, who was earlier cast in the role of Abdul but could not perform in the film

Debutant Sanjay Leela Bhansali served as the associate director for songs in the film The cinematography and editing were done by Binod Pradhan and Renu Saluja, respectively For a shot in the film where Shroff slaps Kapoor, Kapoor took thirty takes till he was satisfied with his performance The screenplay of Parinda was written by Chopra and Shiv Kumar Subramaniam, who also acted in the film The dialogues were penned by Imtiyaz Husain The film was filmed and is set in Mumbai

Soundtrack

Parinda
Soundtrack album by R D Burman
Genre Feature film soundtrack
Length 23:16
Language Hindi
Label Tips Industries Limited
Producer R D Burman

The soundtrack of Parinda was composed by R D Burman and its lyrics were written by Khurshid Hallauri The album consisted of four songs, including two versions of "Kitni Hai Pyari Pyari"—one sad and one slow The song "Tum Se Milke" also had a sad version The vocals were performed by Asha Bhosle, Suresh Wadkar and Shailendra Singh "Tum Se Milke" is one of the most popular romantic numbers in Indian cinema The soundtrack album of the film was released in January 1989 under the banner of Tips Industries Limited

Singer Shaan made his playback singing debut by singing one line for "Kitni Hai Pyari Pyari" He was fifteen years old at that time Filmfare wrote about Parinda's music in their "100 Filmfare Days" series, saying, "RD Burman's music adds depth to Parinda's drama" "Tum Se Milke" is based on Leo Sayer's 1977 single "When I Need You"

Track listing

No Title Lyrics Singers Length
1 "Kitni Hai Pyari Pyari" Khurshid Hallauri Suresh Wadkar, Shailendra Singh 0414
2 "Pyar Ke Mod Pe" Khurshid Hallauri Suresh Wadkar, Asha Bhosle 06:31
3 "Sehra Mein Dulha Hoga" Khurshid Hallauri Suresh Wadkar, Shailendra Singh 06:32
4 "Tum Se Milke" Khurshid Hallauri Suresh Wadkar, Asha Bhosle 05:11

Release and legacy

Parinda was released theatrically on 3 November 1989 The Central Board of Film Certification gave the film an 'A' restricted to adults certificate, due to its depiction of violence The film was promoted with the tagline, "the most powerful film ever made" In a 2010 interview, film critic and Chopra's wife Anupama Chopra said, "there was so much buzz about Parinda" before the release of the film After the film's release, Chopra went to Alankar cinema in Girgaon to see the audience's reactions, but found some people were not happy with it

Parinda is credited by several critics for introducing realism into mainstream Hindi cinema and redefining the portrayal of the underworld in films It is also considered a landmark film and one of the best of Indian cinema The film was included in CNN-IBN's 2013 list of the "100 greatest Indian films of all time", Mint's list of "70 iconic films of Indian cinema" and Filmfare "100 Filmfare Days" series Vidhu Vinod Chopra, despite having made two critically acclaimed films, remained relatively unknown until the release of this film

British director Danny Boyle cited Parinda as one of the films that helped him understand Mumbai for his Academy Award-winning film Slumdog Millionaire 2008 Filmmaker Nikhil Advani credits Parinda for changing his life and inspiring him to become a director Director Dibakar Banerjee said in an interview that Parinda was a game-changer for him The film is credited for showing the way for realistic crime films in Hindi cinema in following years Patekar's role as the psychopathic don is considered to be one of the best performances of his career Film-critic Gayatri Gauri of Firstpost wrote, "Parinda was well-crafted, slickly-written and brilliantly executed" It was selected as the official Indian submission for the 1990 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film but was not nominated

In 2012, several films of Chopra were released theatrically as part of a retrospective including Parinda In April 2017, Chopra submitted the supplementary materials from six of his films to the preservation vaults of National Film Archive of India The materials include lobby cards, film posters, song booklets, contact sheets, promotional catalogues and working stills from Khamosh, Parinda, 1942: A Love Story 1994, Mission Kashmir 2000 and Eklavya: The Royal Guard 2007

Analysis

Parinda is noted for the realism it introduced to mainstream Hindi cinema; several critics drew parallels between the violence and the location in the film Author and film professor Ranjani Mazumdar in her book Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City wrote that Parinda uses some popular locations such as the Gateway of India, a nearby fountain and the Babulnath temple as "spaces of terror" She wrote, "These display sites, which are central to the cartography of Bombay, are turned into nodes of violence and death" Mazumdar also said the film destroyed the image of Bombay as the 'dream city' and turned it into a violent nightmare According to Filmfare, Parinda blurs the lines of black and white for its heroes and adds shades of grey to the villain; writing, "As two brothers face-off on conflicting sides of morality, Parinda speaks of themes like family values, bonding, unemployment, illegal trades etc" Ashish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen note in their book Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema that Parinda represented a "postmodern variation" of the crime genre in Hindi cinema

The film also explores the themes of childhood and memory; all of its major characters are orphans The city in the film is shattered into "dark, morbid spaces with all the characters framed within a light and shadow zone" Tapan K Ghosh, in his book Bollywood Baddies: Villains, Vamps and Henchmen in Hindi Cinema, said the film showcased the sociopolitical scenario of that time and showed "smuggling rivalry on a gruesome scale" Authors Swaralipi Nandi and Esha Chatterjee, in their book Spectacles of Blood: A Study of Masculinity and Violence in Postcolonial Films, drew metaphorical similarities between Parinda and Martin Scorsese's crime drama Mean Streets 1973, stating that both films explore the masculinity of young men who commit violence and reject societal norms because of a lack of guidance Through its frequent use of night shots and dark spaces, Parinda uses the aesthetics of film noir in its visual style

Remake

Chopra co-wrote, produced and directed Broken Horses 2015, an English-language Hollywood remake of Parinda that stars Vincent D'Onofrio, Anton Yelchin and Chris Marquette Broken Horses was released on 9 April 2015, receiving generally unfavourable reviews and becoming a box office failure

Accolades

At the 37th National Film Awards, Parinda received the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor for Nana Patekar and Best Editing for Renu Saluja At the 35th Filmfare Awards, the film was nominated in six categories and won five of them

Award Category Nominee Result Ref
National Film Awards Best Supporting Actor Nana Patekar Won
Best Editing Renu Saluja Won
Filmfare Awards Best Director Vidhu Vinod Chopra Won
Best Actor Jackie Shroff Won
Best Supporting Actor Nana Patekar Won
Best Editing Renu Saluja Won
Best Screenplay Shiv Kumar Subramaniam Won
Best Film Vidhu Vinod Chopra Nominated

See also

  • List of submissions to the 62nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
  • List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

References

  1. ^ "Parinda" British Board of Film Classification Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  2. ^ Bhatia, Uday 4 May 2015 "I've begun comparing films to a wonderful funeral: Vidhu Vinod Chopra" Mint Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  3. ^ a b c d "Vidhu Vinod Chopra Talks About the Genesis of Parinda" NDTV 24 October 2014 Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bhattacharya, Roshmila 7 April 2015 "Nana Patekar was critically injured during the shooting of Parinda, recalls Vidhu Vinod Chopra" The Times of India Archived from the original on 6 January 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  5. ^ "Anil Kapoor is an Unhappy Actor: Nana Patekar" NDTV 7 August 2015 Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  6. ^ a b Sahani, Alaka 10 January 2016 "Acting is not just a profession for me This is how I breathe: Nana Patekar" The Indian Express Archived from the original on 10 June 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  7. ^ a b "FC Director's Choice: Parinda: Q & A: Jio MAMI 2015" YouTube 25 October 2014 Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  8. ^ a b Mazumdar, Ranjani 2007 Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City U of Minnesota Press p 169 ISBN 9781452913025 Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 
  9. ^ "I don't like big stars much: Vidhu Vinod Chopra" Firstpost 10 April 2012 Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  10. ^ a b c d e Sharma, Gaurav 27 August 2003 "Parinda marked the beginning of a trend" Rediffcom Archived from the original on 7 January 2015 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  11. ^ a b "Parinda Cast & Crew" Bollywood Hungama Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  12. ^ Chopra, Anupama 25 November 2014 "From Bollywood to Hollywood, what are the top 10 films set in Mumbai" The Guardian Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  13. ^ a b "Parinda" Tips Industries Limited Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  14. ^ "Parinda" Saavn Archived from the original on 14 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  15. ^ "Parinda" Gaanacom Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
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  17. ^ "Shaan Biography" Lastfm Archived from the original on 31 August 2014 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  18. ^ a b c d e f "100 Filmfare Days: 69- Parinda" Filmfare 2 July 2014 Archived from the original on 12 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  19. ^ Rodrigues, Leroy 24 September 2013 "Famous copied songs" Filmfare Archived from the original on 14 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  20. ^ "Parinda" Blu-ray Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  21. ^ "Parinda" Central Board of Film Certification Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 13 November 2017 
  22. ^ Chaudhuri, Diptakirti 2014 Bollybook: The Big Book of Hindi Movie Trivia Penguin UK p 473 ISBN 9789351187998 Archived from the original on 14 November 2017 
  23. ^ Sukumaran, Shradha 8 May 2010 "Sleeping with the Enemy" OPEN Archived from the original on 18 October 2017 Retrieved 15 November 2017 
  24. ^ "Once Upon A Time In Bollywood: Vidhu Vinod Chopra" Once Upon a Time In Bollywood BIG FM 927 10 January 2016 
  25. ^ Vats, Rohit 30 March 2012 "How Vidhu Vinod's Parinda shaped Bollywood" CNN-News18 Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 Retrieved 17 November 2017 
  26. ^ Vats, Rohit 10 April 2012 "Retro Review: 'Parinda' redefines underworld" CNN-News18 Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 Retrieved 17 November 2017 
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  38. ^ Chaudhuri, Diptakirti 2014 Bollybook: The Big Book of Hindi Movie Trivia Penguin UK p 97 ISBN 9789351187998 Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 
  39. ^ Gauri, Gayatri 10 April 2015 "Broken Horses review: Vidhu Vinod Chopra remakes his brilliant Parinda into an English dud" Firstpost Archived from the original on 27 September 2017 Retrieved 17 November 2017 
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  41. ^ Reddy, Sujata 29 March 2012 "The Tatler: Revisiting films on the big screen" Daily News and Analysis Retrieved 12 December 2017 
  42. ^ Banerjee, Shoumojit 6 April 2017 "Vidhu Vinod Chopra presents materials from his films to NFAI" The Hindu Retrieved 12 December 2017 
  43. ^ a b c Mazumdar, Ranjani "Ruin & the Uncanny City: Memory, Despair & Death in Parinda" Academiaedu Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 Retrieved 16 November 2017 
  44. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul 1998 Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema PDF Oxford University Press p 491 ISBN 978-0-19-563579-9 
  45. ^ Ghosh, Tapan K 2013 Bollywood Baddies: Villains, Vamps and Henchmen in Hindi Cinema SAGE Publications India p 11 ISBN 9788132113263 Archived from the original on 16 November 2017 
  46. ^ Nandi, Swaralipi; Chatterjee, Esha 2014 Spectacles of Blood: A Study of Masculinity and Violence in Postcolonial Films Zubaan p 146 ISBN 9789383074136 Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 
  47. ^ Miguel, Helio San 2012 Mumbai Intellect Books p 68 ISBN 9781841506326 Archived from the original on 19 November 2017 
  48. ^ "Broken Horses 2015" Metacritic Archived from the original on 16 April 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  49. ^ "Broken Horses Is An Epic Disaster" Box Office India 13 April 2015 Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 Retrieved 12 November 2017 
  50. ^ "37th National Film Awards" PDF Directorate of Film Festivals pp 36–37 Archived PDF from the original on 2 October 2013 Retrieved 29 January 2012 
  51. ^ "37th National Film Awards" PDF Directorate of Film Festivals Archived PDF from the original on 2 October 2013 Retrieved 29 January 2012 
  52. ^ Rishi, Tilak 2012 Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years Trafford Publishing p 91 ISBN 9781466939639 Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 
  53. ^ Gulazāra; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal 2003 Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema Popular Prakashan p 620 ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5 Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 
  54. ^ a b Lalitha, Gopalan 2002 Cinema of interruptions: action genres in contemporary Indian cinema British Film Institute p 144 ISBN 9780851709239 Archived from the original on 13 November 2017 

Further reading

  • Mazumdar, Ranjani 2007 Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City U of Minnesota Press p 169 ISBN 9781452913025 
  • Chaudhuri, Diptakirti 2014 Bollybook: The Big Book of Hindi Movie Trivia Penguin UK p 473 ISBN 9789351187998 
  • Somaaya, Bhawana 2016 Once Upon a Time in India: A Century of Indian Cinema Random House India p 2 ISBN 9789385990403 
  • Chaudhuri, Diptakirti 2014 Bollybook: The Big Book of Hindi Movie Trivia Penguin UK p 97 ISBN 9789351187998 
  • Rishi, Tilak 2012 Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years Trafford Publishing p 91 ISBN 9781466939639 
  • Gulazāra; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal 2003 Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema Popular Prakashan p 620 ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5 
  • Lalitha, Gopalan 2002 Cinema of interruptions: action genres in contemporary Indian cinema British Film Institute p 144 ISBN 9780851709239 
  • Ghosh, Tapan K 2013 Bollywood Baddies: Villains, Vamps and Henchmen in Hindi Cinema SAGE Publications India p 11 ISBN 9788132113263 
  • Nandi, Swaralipi; Chatterjee, Esha 2014 Spectacles of Blood: A Study of Masculinity and Violence in Postcolonial Films Zubaan p 146 ISBN 9789383074136 
  • Miguel, Helio San 2012 Mumbai Intellect Books p 68 ISBN 9781841506326 

External links

  • Parinda on IMDb
  • Parinda at Rotten Tomatoes

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