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Pardubice

pardubice, pardubice.cz
Pardubice Czech pronunciation: ˈpardubɪtsɛ; German: Pardubitz is a city in the Czech Republic It is the capital city of the Pardubice Region and lies on the river Elbe, 96 kilometres east of Prague There is an old Tower and a Castle Factories include the Synthesia chemical factory manufacturer of Semtex, a plastic explosive, an oil refinery Paramo, a heavy machinery factory and an electronic equipment plant The city is well known for its sport events Great Pardubice Steeplechase, Golden Helmet of Pardubice, Czech Open, ginger bread, rail and air transport

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Transport
  • 4 Industry
  • 5 Cultural monuments and sights
  • 6 Sport
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 International relations
    • 81 Twin towns – Sister cities
  • 9 References
  • 10 Further reading
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

The oldest extant Document regarding Pardubice comes from 1295

The area had a monastery beginning in the early 13th century,1 and the city was founded c 13402 In 1491, Pardubice was bought by William II of Pernstein, who continued to expand the town and made significant impact on its prosperity Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy Austria side after the compromise of 1867, head of the PARDUBITZ district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia

In 1845, the first train arrived to Pardubicecitation needed The town was connected to other railway lines so Pardubice could thrive even morecitation needed New industrial enterprises started to emerge in the town, namely a distillery, a factory for mill machines of Josef Prokop and sons and Fanta’s Factorycitation needed Since 1874, the Great Pardubice Steeplechase Velká Pardubická horse race has taken place every autumn second Sunday in Octobercitation needed On 13 May 1911, Ing Jan Kašpar made history by flying the first long-haul flight towards Praguecitation needed In Pardubice, industrial expansion was on the rise, especially after the First World War However, during the Second World War the town was damaged by air strikes of the Alliescitation needed The Fanto Werke refinery at Pardubice was repeatedly bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II, and forced labor was provided by a concentration camp34 Tesla electronics manufacturer operated from 1921–1989, and the Foxconn factory was established in June 2000 After 1989 the town continued to develop and flourish; the Chateau and its surroundings of estates were reconstructed Pardubice has established contacts with foreign towns

Geographyedit

Pardubice is situated on the bank of the second longest river in the Czech Republic, the Labe River, where there is a mouth of another river called Chrudimka Pardubice is located at approximately 15° east longitude and 50° north longitude The town is located 100 km east of the capital city of Prague, 150 km north-west of Brno Pardubice is in the area of Labe Lowlands with average elevation of 225m and its area is 78 km2 The area is of lowland character without many hills One exception is a nearby hill Kunětická hora

Transportedit

Pardubice is an important railway junction From Pardubice come tracks to Prague, Ostrava, Hradec Králové and Jaroměř or Havlíčkův Brod Railway station Pardubice main station is very busy, all trains of Czech railways, RegioJet and LEO Express are standing there

Paradubice is served by Pardubice Airport

Industryedit

Pardubice is called the city of industrycitation needed The dominant industries are chemical industry, electrical engineering and mechanical engineeringcitation needed The chemical industry is mainly represented by a company Paramo and Synthesia, which was founded in Pardubice-Semtín as a stock factory for explosive substances This field of industry together with the factory went through significant developmentcitation needed, especially in 1960s Synthesia is now one of the leading Czech companies manufacturing cellulose, pigments and dyes, and organic compounds Synthesia is also a major exporter mainly for the EU countriescitation needed and is associated with the invention of Semtex plastic explosive Paramo – formally known as Fanta’s Factory was until 2012 one of the major companies of its kind, but during the year a major shareholder decided to significantly suppress its production and the future of Paramo is still uncertaincitation needed

Cultural monuments and sightsedit

Pardubice is dominated by the Green Gate with remains of the town’s fortifications The Chateau, which has been reconstructed, is located nearby The town itself has many historical buildings, for example, Kamenná vila Stone Villa, Crematorium, Dům U Bílého koníčka House at the White Horse, Wernerův dům Werner’s House, Dům U Jonáše At Jonah’s, the City Hall Churches are dedicated to the Our Lady of Sorrows, St John the Baptist, St Bartholomew

Sportedit

Hockey club Dynamo Pardubice plays in the Czech Extraliga The team plays its home games at Tipsport Arena The city was first represented in the top national football competition by SK Pardubice in the 1930s and 1940s Later VCHZ Pardubice played in the top national league in the 1968–69 season As of 2016update, the highest-ranked team from the city is FK Pardubice, which plays in the second-tier Czech National Football League Women's team SK DFO Pardubice plays in the Czech First Division women The basketball team is BK JIP Pardubice

The city is also home to the Golden Helmet of Pardubice also known as the Czech Golden Helmet, a Motorcycle speedway competition held at the Svítkova Stadion The Golden Helmet has been run since 1929 is one of the most prestigious individual titles in world speedway outside of the Speedway World Championship or a riders national championship Winners of the Golden Helmet have included World Champions Ole Olsen, Erik Gundersen, Hans Nielsen and Nicki Pedersen Denmark, Ove Fundin, Per Jonsson and Tony Rickardsson Sweden, and Jason Crump and 2014 winner Chris Holder Australia Ole Olsen holds the record for the most Golden Helmet wins with 7 1970, 1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1979 and 1980

Notable peopleedit

  • Edita Adlerová, classical mezzo-soprano
  • Gabriela Banová, fashion model, nutritionist
  • Gustav Gärtner 1855-1937, pathologist
  • Dominik Hašek, former NHL goaltender for the Detroit Red Wings, Ottawa Senators, Buffalo Sabres and Chicago Blackhawks56
  • Aleš Hemský, NHL hockey player for the Dallas Stars
  • Iva Kramperová, classical violinist
  • Filip Bandžak, opera singer, baritone
  • Jaroslav Stark, mathematician who worked mostly in the fields of Chaos Theory and Systems Biology7
  • Jan Tauc, physicist who introduced the concepts of Tauc gap and Tauc plot to the optical characterization of solids
  • Věra Vovsová, painter
  • Jiří Welsch, NBA player for the Golden State Warriors, Dallas Mavericks, Boston Celtics, Cleveland Cavaliers, and the Milwaukee Bucks

International relationsedit

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Czech Republic

Twin towns – Sister citiesedit

Pardubice is twinned withcitation needed:

  • Doetinchem, Netherlands
  • East Lothian, Scotland
  • Golegã, Portugal
  • Jerez de la Frontera, Spain
  • Pernik, Bulgaria
  • Rosignano Marittimo, Italy
  • Schönebeck, Germany
  • Selb, Germany
  • Sežana, Slovenia
  • Skellefteå, Sweden
  • Vysoké Tatry, Slovakia
  • Waregem, Belgium

Referencesedit

  1. ^ David Kalhous 6 July 2012 Anatomy of a Duchy: The Political and Ecclesiastical Structures of Early Pemyslid Bohemia BRILL p 169 ISBN 90-04-22980-9 
  2. ^ Lisa Dunford; Brett Atkinson; Neil Wilson 2007 Czech & Slovak Republics Lonely Planet p 249 ISBN 978-1-74104-300-6 
  3. ^ "archive" Cestiromoveecncz Retrieved 14 April 2011 
  4. ^ "6 DV-BEG – Einzelnorm" Gesetze-im-internetde Retrieved 14 April 2011 
  5. ^ Dominik Hasek returns to Detroit
  6. ^ "Passionate or passionless It's a harbinger of spring | Sporting News, The | Find Articles at BNET" Findarticlescom 23 March 1998 Retrieved 14 April 2011 
  7. ^ Paul Glendinning 16 June 2010 "Jaroslav Stark obituary | Science" The Guardian UK Retrieved 14 April 2011 

Further readingedit

  • Movsesian, Sergei; Klima, Lukas 2009 Czech Open: Pardubice Phenomenon Caissa Hungary ISBN 978-80-86725-08-6 

External linksedit

  • Pardubice at the official website of the Czech Republic, Czechcz
  • Tourist guide of Pardubice written by local insider
  • Refinery PARAMO Pardubice
  • University of Pardubice
  • Pardubice Public Transport
  • Pardubice shops

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