Palestinian Authority government in the West Bank


The Palestinian Authority government in the West Bank refers to the government body of the Palestinian National Authority, seated in Ramallah from 1994 until its split in 2007, and finally the rebranding into the Government of the State of Palestine in 20131

Early history

In the Palestinian legislative elections on 25 January 2006, Hamas emerged victorious and nominated Ismail Haniyeh as the Authority's Prime Minister However, the national unity Palestinian government effectively collapsed, when a violent conflict between Hamas and Fatah erupted, mainly in the Gaza Strip After the Gaza Strip was taken over by Hamas on 14 June 2007, the Authority's Chairman Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the Hamas-led unity government and appointed Salam Fayyad as Prime Minister Though the Fatah-led government claimed authority over all West Bank and Gaza Strip, Hamas's control of the Gaza Strip limited its authority de facto to the West Bank The Fatah-led government's budget derived mainly from various aid programs and the Arab League, while the Hamas government in Gaza was mostly dependent on Iran until the onset of the Arab Spring in 2011clarification needed

Later history

Since 2007, the Fatah government had continued to oversee the Palestinian-controlled territories in the West Bank, while the Hamas government has continued to control the Gaza Strip A reconciliation agreement to unite their governments, signed in Cairo in 2011, was ratified by the 2012 Hamas–Fatah Doha agreement Renewed tensions between them, however, plus the effects of the Arab Spring especially the crisis in Syria have postponed its implementation In 2011, representatives of the Authority failed to have their United Nations UN status upgraded, although their UNESCO status was upgraded to state representation In July 2012, the Hamas government in Gaza was reported as considering a declaration of the independence of the Gaza Strip, with the support of neighboring Egypt2 A unity government was sworn in on 2 June 20143

References

  1. ^ Russel, M The Middle East and South Asia 2015-2016 1
  2. ^ "Report of possible Gaza independence stirs debate" Al Arabiya 31 July 2012 Retrieved 2012-11-26 
  3. ^ "Palestinian unity government sworn in by Mahmoud Abbas" BBC 2 June 2014 Retrieved 5 June 2014 


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