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Oxford Martyrs

oxford martyrs, oxford martyrs memorial
The Oxford Martyrs were tried for heresy in 1555 and burnt at the stake in Oxford, England, for their religious beliefs and teachings, during the Marian persecution of protestants in England

The three martyrs were the Anglican bishops Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley and Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury


  • 1 History
  • 2 Legacy
  • 3 Gallery
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


The three were tried at University Church of St Mary the Virgin, the official church of the University of Oxford on the High Street The men were imprisoned at the former Bocardo Prison near the extant St Michael at the Northgate church at the north gate of the city walls in Cornmarket Street The door of their cell is on display in the tower of the church

The men were burnt at the stake just outside the city walls to the north, where Broad Street is now located Latimer and Ridley were burnt on 16 October 1555 Cranmer was burnt five months later on 21 March 1556

A small area cobbled with stones forming a cross in the centre of the road outside the front of Balliol College marks the site The Victorian spire-like Martyrs' Memorial, at the south end of St Giles' nearby, commemorates the events It is claimed that the scorch marks from the flames can still be seen on the doors of Balliol College now rehung between the Front Quadrangle and Garden Quadrangle


There has been an attempt to connect the Oxford Martyrs with the nursery rhyme Three Blind Mice It has been speculatedby whom that the rhyme refers to Queen Mary I of England blinding and executing the three Oxford Martyrs However, Ridley, Hugh Latimer and Thomas Cranmer were burned, but not blinded If the rhyme was made by Catholics, then their being "blind" could refer to their Protestantismcitation needed


See alsoedit

  • Christian martyrs
  • James Brooks, one of the papal sub-delegates in the Royal Commission for the trial
  • List of Protestant martyrs of the English Reformation
  • Martyrs' Memorial, Oxford
  • Religion in the United Kingdom


External linksedit

  • The Oxford Guide information
  • The Oxford Martyrs article
  • The martyrs' cross, Broad Street, Oxford

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