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Oxford Bus Company

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Oxford Bus Company1 is a bus operator serving the city and surrounding area of Oxford, England It is a subsidiary of the Go-Ahead Group

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Bus Location Technology
  • 3 Brands
  • 4 Fleet
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

A City of Oxford Tramways Company horse-drawn tram system first operated in Oxford in 18812 In 1906 its operation was taken over by the City of Oxford Electric Tramway Company1 This did not in fact electrify the tramway, but in 1913/14, and under threat of competition from William Morris, replaced the trams with Daimler buses34

In 1921 the company was renamed City of Oxford Motor Services Limited and continued to expand its operations into the surrounding countryside From the 1930s the company was controlled by British Electric Traction with the Great Western Railway also having a shareholding Most of the fleet comprised AEC vehicles in the traditional red livery with green and maroon relief

On becoming a subsidiary of the National Bus Company in 1969, moves towards greater integration of city and country services began In 1971 the Oxford to London coach operator South Midland, which had been controlled by the neighbouring Thames Valley Traction company, was transferred to City of Oxford Motor Services and the fleet name for the entire operation became Oxford South Midland A particularly acute problem for the operator was the competition for staff with Morris Motors whose works was located close to the Oxford garage One solution was the move to one person operation of buses during the 1970s5 Following several trials, the Oxford company has operated the city’s pioneering park and ride bus services since 1978, the year in which the London express service on its present routing began

In 1983 the operation was split into separate Oxford and South Midland units The Oxford Bus Company was allocated the Oxford city services and the London routes, and South Midland was allocated the remainder of the network Both companies were subject to management buyouts The South Midland company was soon resold to Thames Transit later Stagecoach South Midlands who introduced minibus competition, countered by the Oxford Bus Company under the brand name Oxford City Nipper

In 1990 the Oxford Bus Company acquired the High Wycombe operations of the Bee Line, and ran them under the Wycombe Bus brand name On March 1994 Oxford Bus Company was sold to the Go-Ahead Group In 2000 Go-Ahead sold the High Wycombe operations to Arriva The company's long-standing main depot site in Cowley Road, Oxford was closed in 2004 in favour after a new depot opened in Watlington Road6

In July 2009 Oxford Bus Company commenced operating the BROOKESbus under contract to the Oxford Brookes University78

In 2011 and 2012 the Go-Ahead Group purchased Thames Travel and Carousel Buses and brought these under the management of Oxford Bus Company although they retain their separate identities9101112

Bus Location Technologyedit

All Oxford Bus Company buses and coaches have automatic vehicle location AVL equipment installed which works via GPS technology13

The AVL equipment installed on each bus or coach gives geographical location to within a few meters and is updating central control room every few seconds; therefore this information technology can be viewed in real time at the central control room, which helps in managing the fleet14

The AVL equipment is also coupled to a real-time passenger information system at over 250 bus stop display screens around Oxford City and surrounding towns, and via a smartphone app This coupled information technology system gives the public "predicted times" of bus and coach services around Oxford City and surrounding towns141516

Oxfordshire County Council also use this information technology to provide traffic-light priority for buses at various road junctions15

The real-time passenger information system is managed by Oxontime, which is a partnership between various bus companies and Oxfordshire County Council1718needs update

Brandsedit

Oxford Bus Company currently operates services under five distinct brands:

Brand Used for Services Image
Oxford Bus Company / "City" Local buses in and around Oxford, the "City" name has been introduced recently for the most frequent services, and appears on the sides of buses, buses were designated to specific routes "City 5" etc but now only display the general "City" name City 2/2A/2B/2C/2D, City 3/3A/3B, City 4/4A/4B/4C, City 5, City 6/6C, City 8, City 9, City 13, City 35, City X3/X13
Park & Ride Express buses from the well-developed network of peripheral park and ride car parks around the city 300, 400, 500
X90 London Express coaches between Oxford and London Victoria Coach Station X90
Airline Express coaches between Oxford and Heathrow, Gatwick or Birmingham Airports LHR LGW BHX OXF
BROOKESbus Local buses serving the campuses and halls of Oxford Brookes University previously operated by Stagecoach Oxfordshire U1 NU1, U1X, U4, U5 NU5, U5X

Fleetedit

Bus in centenary-themed livery outside Queen's College, 1981

As at April 2015 the fleet consists of 163 buses and coaches, of which 52 are hybrid buses19

See alsoedit

  • List of bus operators of the United Kingdom

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b Companies House extract company no 91106 The City of Oxford Motor Services Limited
  2. ^ A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 4: The City of Oxford
  3. ^ Postcard marked passing of Oxford's trams Oxford Mail 15 March 2010
  4. ^ Oxford and District Tramways Bill House of Commons Hansard 22 July 1914
  5. ^ Jolly, Stephen & Taylor, Nick 2003 The Book of Oxford Buses and Trams Oxford Bus Museum Trust ISBN 0-9506739-2-7 
  6. ^ Ashworth, Phil 2006 The Oxford Bus Company — the first 125 years Oxford Bus Company 
  7. ^ Oxford Bus Company wins Brooks bus contract from rivals Stagecoach TransportXtra 6 November 2008
  8. ^ Introduction The Oxford & Chilterns Bus Page 3 July 2009
  9. ^ Oxford Bus Company Go-Ahead Group
  10. ^ No changes at Thames Travel says outgoing boss Oxford Mail 29 May 2011
  11. ^ Go-Ahead buys 35-vehicle Thames Travel busandcoachcom 8 June 2011
  12. ^ Go-Ahead Acquires Carousel Buses Limited Go-Ahead Group 20 February 2012
  13. ^ http://wwwgo-aheadcom/ourcompanies/bus/oxford_bus_companyaspx Go-Ahead Group Website 01/05/2015
  14. ^ a b http://wwwoxontimecom/Aboutaspx Oxontime Website 01/05/2015
  15. ^ a b https://wwwoxfordshiregovuk/cms/content/real-time-bus-information Oxfordshire County Council Website 01/05/2015
  16. ^ http://voyageroxfordshiregovuk/mapaspxmaplayers=naptan Oxfordshire County Council Website 01/05/2015
  17. ^ http://wwwoxontimecom/Aboutaspx Oxontime Website 01/05/2015
  18. ^ https://wwwoxfordshiregovuk/cms/content/real-time-bus-information Oxfordshiire County Council Website 01/05/2015
  19. ^ http://wwwoxfordbuscouk/about-us/oxford-bus-company/ Oxford Bus Company Website 01/05/2015

External linksedit

  • Media related to Oxford Bus Company at Wikimedia Commons
  • Oxford Bus Company website
  • Showbus gallery

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