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Oswald Menghin

oswald menghin
Oswald Menghin 19 April 1888 – 29 November 1973 was an Austrian Prehistorian and University professor He established an international reputation before the War, while he was professor at the University of Vienna His work on race and culture was serviceable to the German nationalist movement of the 1930s At the time of the Anschluss he served as Minister of Education in the cabinet formed by Arthur Seyß-Inquart He avoided indictment as a war criminal and resumed his career in Argentina after the war[1]


  • 1 Life
  • 2 Works
  • 3 Sources
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


Menghin was born in Meran, Tyrol He qualified for inauguration as an academic lecturer in 1913, for his work Urgeschichte des Menschen The Proto-History of Mankind After the death of Moritz Hoernes he emerged as university professor of the Protohistorical Institute of the University of Vienna from 1917 until 1945, and furthermore he was from 1930 to 1933 professor at the University of Cairo[citation needed]

From 1919 to 1926 Menghin was a member of Secret Nazi Society Deutsche Gemeinschaft the German Fellowship, in which he got to know Arthur Seyß-Inquart

In 1932 he participated in the First International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences in London in 1932 with Hugo Obermaier and others In 1934 he published Geist und Blut

For the academic year of 1935/36 he was appointed Rector of the University of Vienna After numerous unsuccessful attempts there followed in 1936 his election as a regular Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences From July 1936 to June 1937 he was a member of the governing council of the Viennese National Vaterländische Front

On 11 March 1938 he became Education Minister in the so-called Anschluss-Cabinet of Seyß-Inquart During his term with the Party down to the end of May, there occurred not only the decree of the Anschluss itself, but also the so-called "Cleansing" of the University of Vienna This meant that a fixed ratio of 2% was brought in for Jewish students, and about 40% of the teaching body were dismissed on account of "Jewish origins" proportionately on "political grounds" In August 1938 Menghin went back to the University of Vienna

He was friends with Adolf Mahr[2]

In Catholic circles he was considered a traitor from March 1938 onwards, and was discharged excluded from his Cartellverband Catholic Union-group, the Rudolfina Wien which like all Catholic unions had been banned, at a formal underground meeting held on 12 November 1938

After the War he was included, as a member of the Seyß-Inquart regime, on the primary list of war criminals He was however not indicted, but came to an American internment camp, where he made statements 1948 was the year in which he went over to Argentina, where he became University Professor in Buenos Aires, and from 1957 also at the University of La Plata Proceedings against him were dropped in 1956 In 1959 he became a corresponding member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences He died, aged 85, on 29 November 1973 in Buenos Aires in Argentina


  • Urgeschichte der bildenden Kunstmit M Hoernes, 1925
  • Weltgeschichte der Steinzeit, 1931
  • Geist und Blut Grundsätzliches um Rasse, Sprache, Kultur und Volkstum, 1933
  • Vorgeschichte Amerikas, 1957


  • Otto Helmut Urban, ' "Er war der Mann zwischen den Fronten" Oswald Menghin und das Urgeschichtliche Institut der Universität Wien während der Nazizeit', Archaeologia Austriaca 80, 1996, p 1ff
  • Marcelino Fontán, 'Der Fall Menghin Ein österreichischer Anschlußminister in Argentinien' from the Argentinian Spanish of Erich Hackl, in Zwischenwelt Zeitschrift für Kultur des Exils und des Widerstands, Jg 19, No 4 Vienna, February 2003, p 4-5 ISSN 1606-4321
  • Marcelino Fontán, Oswald Menghin: ciencia y nazismo El antisemitismo como imperativo moral Buenos Aires: Fundación Memoria del Holocausto 2005
  • Erich Hackl, 'Nachschrift zum Fall Menghin', in Zwischenwelt Zeitschrift für Kultur des Exils und des Widerstands, Jg 19, No 4 Vienna, February 2003, p 5-6 ISSN 1606-4321
  • Philip L Kohl/J A Perez Gollan, 'Religion, Politics, and Prehistory, Reassessing the Lingering Legacy of Oswald Menghin' Current Anthropology 43, 2002, 561–586 http://wwwjournalsuchicagoedu/CA/journal/issues/v43n4/024002/024002webpdf


  1. ^ This article is based on a translation from the German Wikipedia, August 2008
  2. ^ Mullins, Gerry 2013-04-15 Dublin Nazi No 1: The Life of Adolf Mahr ISBN 9781909718081mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink

External links

  • Literature of and about Oswald Menghin in the Catalogue of the German National Library [permanent dead link]
  • Information about Oswald Menghin in the Austrian Lexikon von aeiou

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