Wed . 20 Apr 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

Orchid Island

orchid island golf and beach club, orchid island capital
Coordinates: 22°03′N 121°32′E / 22050°N 121533°E / 22050; 121533

Orchid Island Orchid Island in Taiwan Old photo of the shore of Orchid Island, near Taiwan published in a Japanese government publication, ca 1931

Orchid Island Yami: Ponso no Tao; Chinese: 蘭嶼; pinyin: Lán Yǔ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lân-sū is a 45 km² high island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island and separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by the Bashi Channel of the Luzon Strait It is governed as Lanyu Township of Taitung County, Taiwan

The island is home to the Tao, an ethnic minority group who migrated to the island from the Batan Archipelago 800 years ago The island is known to them as Ponso no Tao "Island of the people" or Irala Out of a total current population of 4000, approximately 2400 belong to the aboriginal Tao community and the remaining 1600 are mainly Han Chinese In neighboring Philippines the island is referred to as Botel Tobago

The Lanyu nuclear waste storage facility was built in 1982 without prior consultation with the island's Tao natives1 The plant receives nuclear waste from Taiwan's three nuclear power plants operated by state utility Taiwan Power Company Taipower About 100,000 barrels of nuclear waste from the nation’s three operational nuclear power plants have been stored at the Lanyu complex2 In 2002 and 2012, there were major protests from local residents, calling on Taipower to remove the nuclear waste from the island3

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Early history
    • 12 Republic of China
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Administrative divisions
  • 4 Flora and fauna
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Energy
    • 61 Nuclear waste
    • 62 Power generation
  • 7 Tourist attractions
  • 8 Transport
  • 9 Gallery
  • 10 See also
  • 11 References
  • 12 Further reading
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

"Botel Tobago Insel" on a German map in the early 20th century4

Early historyedit

The island was first mapped on Japanese charts as Tabako-shima in the early 17th century and Tabaco Xima on a French map of 1654 The Chinese, who had no contact with the inhabitants of the island, called it Ang-thau-su Chinese: 紅頭嶼; pinyin: Hóngtóuyǔ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Âng-thâu-sū; literally: "Red-headed island", from which it was called Kōtō-sho 紅頭嶼 during Japanese rule The Japanese government declared the island an ethnological research area off-limits to the public

Republic of Chinaedit

This restriction remained in effect when the Republic of China took over Taiwan in 1945, but was lifted in 1967 It was because of the restriction that the Tao have the best preserved traditions among the Taiwanese aboriginescitation needed Since then, schools were built on the island and education in Standard Chinese became compulsory Tourism to the island has also increased The island is known by the Amis people as Buturu and by the Puyuma as Botol

On January 19, 1946, the island was designated as Hongtouyu Township Chinese: 紅頭嶼鄉 of Taitung County November 24 of that year, it was renamed Orchid Island Lanyu, after the local Phalaenopsis orchids

Geographyedit

Lesser Orchid Island

There are eight mountains over 400 m high The tallest mountain is Mt Hongtoushan 紅頭山 at 552 m The rock on the island is volcanic tholeiite andesite, and volcanic explosive fragments The volcano erupted in the Miocene period It is part of the Luzon Volcanic Arc Magma was formed from underthrusting oceanic crust under compression about 20 km deep The andesite rock contains some visible crystals of pyroxene or amphibole The geochemistry of the rock shows it is enriched in sodium, magnesium and nickel, but depleted in iron, aluminium, potassium, titanium, and strontium5

As the island is within the tropics, the island experiences a warm and rainy tropical climate throughout the year with humidity often reaching more than 90% Rainfall, abundant throughout the year, cools the temperature significantly The climate is classified as a monsoon-influenced Koppen's tropical rainforest climate Af, with annual temperatures averaging around 23 °C on the mountain and 26 °C on the coasts, one of the highest in Taiwan

Lesser Orchid Island Wade-Giles: Hsiao Lan Yü; Pinyin: Xiao Lanyu; Little Botel-Tobago, an uninhabited volcanic islet near the main Orchid Island, is the southernmost point of Taitung County It has been the target of military airplanes' target practice It is home to a critically endangered endemiccitation needed orchid, Phalaenopsis equestris f aurea

Climate data for Lanyu Weather Station - 324m above sea level 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C °F 207
693
214
705
230
734
249
768
267
801
278
82
286
835
285
833
276
817
259
786
238
748
214
705
2502
7704
Daily mean °C °F 185
653
190
662
205
689
224
723
243
757
257
783
263
793
261
79
252
774
238
748
217
711
194
669
2274
7293
Average low °C °F 170
626
174
633
188
658
208
694
222
72
241
754
246
763
243
757
235
743
223
721
203
685
179
642
211
6997
Average rainfall mm inches 2481
9768
2039
8028
1540
6063
1490
5866
2493
9815
2874
11315
2312
9102
2879
11335
3842
15126
3056
12031
2670
10512
2122
8354
2,9798
117315
Average rainy days ≥ 01 mm 222 190 167 151 157 153 142 166 195 196 205 210 2154
Average relative humidity % 863 883 886 902 903 921 910 908 903 873 866 849 8889
Mean monthly sunshine hours 808 788 1060 1130 1365 1408 1962 1716 1437 1341 947 776 1,4738
Source: 6
Climate data for Lanyu Township - Hongtou Village
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C °F 240
752
250
77
266
799
287
837
306
871
316
889
323
901
321
898
310
878
295
851
272
81
248
766
2862
8352
Daily mean °C °F 214
705
222
72
238
748
258
784
278
82
289
84
296
853
293
847
284
831
270
806
248
766
224
723
2595
7869
Average low °C °F 194
669
198
676
214
705
234
741
249
768
266
799
274
813
270
806
260
788
250
77
228
73
204
687
2367
746
Average rainfall mm inches 2401
9453
1889
7437
1440
5669
1590
626
2323
9146
2704
10646
2412
9496
2579
10154
3902
15362
2956
11638
2270
8937
2682
10559
2,9148
114757
Mean monthly sunshine hours 828 798 1100 1190 1455 1428 2022 1836 1437 1361 907 726 1,5088
Source: 6

Administrative divisionsedit

Village in Lanyu Island

There are seven settlements 社 in Lanyu Township, which are: The asterisks indicate the four current administrative villages 村

Yami name Chinese Note
Jiayo Yeyou 椰油
Jiraralay Langdao 朗島
Jiranmilek Dongqing 東清
Jivalino Yeyin 野銀
Jimowrod Hongtou 紅頭 township seat
Jiratay Yuren 漁人 Incorporated into Hongtou Village in 1946
Iwatas Yiwadasi 伊瓦達斯 Incorporated into Yeyou Village in 1940

Flora and faunaedit

Orchid Island hosts many tropical plants species, sharing many species with tropical Asia but also many endemics: there are 35 plant species found nowhere else7 For example, Pinanga tashiroi is a species of palm tree found nowhere else than Orchid Island8

Green sea turtles make nests on the island,9 which is surrounded by coral reefs10 Four species of sea snakes inhabit the waters round the island11 Humpback whales were historically common in the area,12 and there were continuous sightings of them in the 2000s,13 which marked the first return of the species into Taiwanese waters since the cessation of whaling14 Sightings are reported almost every year, although the whales do not stay for long, as they once did They appear instead to be migratory visitors15

Economyedit

The islanders are mostly farmers and fishermen relying on a large annual catch of flying fish and on wet taro, yams, and millet They are the Tao people

On 19 September 2014, the first 7-Eleven store in the island was opened During the opening ceremony, the township chief said that the store could provide conveniences to the local residents such as fee and tax collection16

Energyedit

Nuclear wasteedit

Lanyu storage site

The Lanyu nuclear waste storage facility was built at the southern tip of Orchid Island in 1982 The plant receives nuclear waste from Taiwan's three nuclear power plants operated by state utility Taiwan Power Company Taipower Islanders did not have a say in the decision to locate the facility on the island2

In 2002, almost 2,000 protesters, including many Aboriginal residents of Taiwan's Orchid Island and elementary and high school students, staged a sit-in in front of the storage plant, calling on Taipower to remove nuclear waste from the island They were also protesting against the government's failure to keep its pledge to withdraw 100,000 barrels of low-level nuclear waste from their isle by the end of 2002217 Aboriginal politicians successfully obstructed legislative proceedings that year to show support for the protests18 In a bid to allay safety concerns, Taipower has pledged to repackage the waste since many of the iron barrels used for storage have become rusty from the island's salty and humid air Taipower has for years been exploring ways to ship the nuclear waste overseas for final storage, but plans to store the waste in an abandoned North Korean coal mine have met with strong protests from neighboring South Korea and Japan due to safety and environmental concerns, while storage in Russia or China is complicated by political factors Taipower is "trying to convince the islanders to extend the storage arrangement for another nine years in exchange for payment of NT$200 million about $57 million"2

Following years of protests by Lanyu residents, more concerns arose about the facility, after Japan’s Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 A report released in November 2011 said a radioactive leak had been detected outside the facility and this has added to residents’ concerns In February 2012, hundreds of Tao Aborigines living on Lanyu held a protest outside the Lanyu nuclear waste storage facility, calling on Taiwan Power Co to remove nuclear waste from the island as soon as possible3 Chang Hai-yu, a preacher at a local church, said "it was a tragedy that Tao children are being born into a radiation-filled environment" Lanyu Township Mayor Chiang To-li "urged Taipower to remove nuclear waste from the island as soon as possible"3

In March 2012, about 2,000 people staged an anti-nuclear protest in Taiwan's capital following the massive earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan one year ago Scores of aboriginal protesters "demanded the removal of 100,000 barrels of nuclear waste stored on Orchid Island, off south-eastern Taiwan Authorities have failed to find a substitute storage site amid increased awareness of nuclear danger over the past decade"1920

Power generationedit

Lanyu Power Plant

The island houses its only power generation facility, the fuel-fired Lanyu Power Plant Commissioned in 1982, the plant has a total installed capacity of 65 MW and is owned and operated by Taipower Stipulated under Article 14 of the Offshore Islands Development Act, households on the island enjoy free electricity The situation on the island resulted from the preferential policy given to the island residents due to the construction of the Lanyu storage site on the island in 198221

Due to the free electricity, electricity consumption on the island is generally much higher than in other parts of Taiwan In 2011, the average annual electricity consumption per household in Lanyu was 6,522 kWh, almost twice the 3,654 kWh Taiwan average In 2002, Taipower provided an equivalent of NT$635 million worth of electricity to the island, and in 2011 the amount rose to NT$2439 million Due to this suspected abuse, members of Control Yuan called for an investigation into the electricity subsidy to Lanyu Island in 201222

Tourist attractionsedit

  • Lanyu Flying Fish Cultural Museum
  • Lanyu Lighthouse

Transportedit

Lanyu Airport

The island is accessible by sea or air Daily Air is the only airline to offer flights from Taiwan Island through Taitung Airport in Taitung City to Orchid Island through its Lanyu Airport The flight duration is half an hour and the daily frequency is dependent on weather conditions Ferry trips to the island are available from Taitung City's Fugang Fishery Harbor year round, while in the summer, there is a ferry from Houbihu port in Kenting

Galleryedit

See alsoedit

  • List of volcanoes in Taiwan
  • Green Island - the other offshore township of Taitung County
  • List of islands of the Republic of China

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Han Cheung 19 February 2017 "Taiwan in Time: Chasing away ‘evil spirits’" Taipei Times Retrieved 18 February 2017 
  2. ^ a b c d "Orchid Island launches new protests against nuclear waste" Asian Economic News May 6, 2002 
  3. ^ a b c Loa Iok-sin 21 February 2012 "Tao protest against nuclear facility" Taipei Times 
  4. ^ Karl Theodor Stöpel 1905 Eine Reise in das Innere der Insel Formosa 
  5. ^ Zhang Jinhai and He Lishi 2002 "Geology of Taiwan Province" Geology of China Geological Publishing House ISBN 7-116-02268-6 CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter link
  6. ^ a b "Statistics > Monthly Mean" Central Weather Bureau 
  7. ^ Hsieh, Chang-Fu 2002 "Composition, endemism and phytogeographical affinities of the Taiwan flora" Taiwania 47: 298–310 
  8. ^ Liao, Jih-Ching 2000 "Palmae Arecaceae" In Huang, Tseng-chieng Flora of Taiwan 5 2nd ed Taipei, Taiwan: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition pp 655–662 ISBN 957-9019-52-5 Retrieved 2 October 2012 
  9. ^ Cheng, I-Jiunn; Cheng-Ting Huang; Po-Yen Hung; Bo-Zong Ke; Chao-Wei Kuo; Chia-Ling Fong 2009 "Ten years of monitoring the nesting ecology of the green turtle, Chelonia mydas, on Lanyu Orchid I, Taiwan" PDF Zoological Studies 48 1: 83–94 
  10. ^ Dai, C-F 1991 "Reef environment and coral fauna of southern Taiwan" PDF Atoll Research Bulletin 354: 1–24 doi:105479/si007756303541 
  11. ^ Tu, M C; M C Tu, S C Fong and K Y Lue 1990 "Reproductive biology of the sea snake, Laticauda semifasciata, in Taiwan" Journal of Herpetology 24 2: 119–126 JSTOR 1564218 doi:102307/1564218 
  12. ^ http://wwwtaiwantodaytw/ctaspxItem=17899&ctNode=451
  13. ^ http://utmostpixnetnet/blog/post/33564595-2011-%E9%AF%A8%E5%B9%B4%E8%A6%81%E5%81%9A%E7%9A%84%E4%BA%8B
  14. ^ 尋鯨記
  15. ^ 滔滔 - Ocean says, 2015, 追逐鯨魚的人:專訪台灣第一位水下鯨豚攝影師金磊
  16. ^ http://wwwtaipeitimescom/News/taiwan/archives/2014/09/20/2003600152
  17. ^ Hsu, Crystal 10 April 2002 "Yu apologizes for island's nuclear woes" Taipei Times Retrieved 12 June 2016 
  18. ^ Hsu, Crystal 4 May 2002 "Aborigine lawmakers make good on threat" Taipei Times Retrieved 12 June 2016 
  19. ^ "About 2,000 Taiwanese stage anti-nuclear protest" Straits Times 11 March 2011 
  20. ^ http://wwwabcnetau/foreign/content/2013/s3733236htm
  21. ^ http://wwwwantchinatimescom/news-subclass-cntaspxid=20120716000064&cid=1103
  22. ^ http://wwwchinapostcomtw/taiwan/local/offshore-islands/2012/07/17/347845/Control-Yuanhtm

Further readingedit

  • Martinson, Barry 2016, Song of Orchid Island 2nd ed, Camphor Press 

External linksedit

  • Taiwan Aborigine Monograph Series 2
  • Taipei Multicultural Arts Group
  • Cultural Survival on Orchid Island
  • No place for nuclear waste
  • Taipower, North Korea strike accord on nuke waste storage
  • Orchid Island: Taiwan's nuclear dumpsite

orchid island, orchid island bikes & kayaks, orchid island brewery, orchid island capital, orchid island cottages, orchid island crossfit, orchid island golf and beach club, orchid island juice, orchid island pizza, orchid island real estate


Orchid Island Information about

Orchid Island


  • user icon

    Orchid Island beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


Orchid Island
Orchid Island
Orchid Island viewing the topic.
Orchid Island what, Orchid Island who, Orchid Island explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Timeline beyond October following the September 11 attacks

Timeline beyond October following the September 11 attacks

The following list contains certain dates beyond October 2001 involving the September 11 attacks ...
Smash Hits

Smash Hits

Smash Hits was a pop music magazine, aimed at teenagers and young adults and originally published in...
2014–15 USC Trojans women's basketball team

2014–15 USC Trojans women's basketball team

The 2014–15 USC Trojans women's basketball team will represent University of Southern California dur...
Trademark classification

Trademark classification

A trademark classification is a way the trademark examiners and applicants' trademark attorneys arra...