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Orange, New Jersey

orange new jersey jr golfers, orange new jersey high school police officer
The City of Orange is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 30,134,8910 reflecting a decline of 2,734 -83% from the 32,868 counted in 2000, which had in turn increased by 2,943 +98% from the 29,925 counted in the 1990 Census19

Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 27, 1806, from portions of Newark Township Portions of the township were taken on April 14, 1834, to form the now-defunct Clinton Township On January 31, 1860, Orange was reincorporated as a town Portions of the town were taken to form South Orange Township April 1, 1861, now known as Maplewood, Fairmount March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange, East Orange Township March 4, 1863 and West Orange Township April 10, 1863 On April 3, 1872, Orange was reincorporated as a city20 In 1982, the city was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had already made the change, of what would ultimately be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis2122232425 The city derives its name from William III of England26 or William IV, Prince of Orange27

Orange is often joined with neighboring East Orange, South Orange and West Orange and referred to as part of "the Oranges"

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 Census
    • 32 2000 Census
  • 4 Government
    • 41 Local government
    • 42 Federal, state and county representation
    • 43 Politics
  • 5 Emergency services
    • 51 Fire Department
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Commerce
  • 8 Transportation
    • 81 Roads and highways
    • 82 Public transportation
  • 9 Notable people
  • 10 Points of interest
  • 11 See also
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

Orange had its origins in Connecticut's New Haven Colony In 1666, a group of 30 of New Haven's families traveled by water to found "a town on the Passayak" River They arrived on territory now encompassing Newark, the Oranges, and several other municipalities The area was situated in the northeast portion of a land grant conveyed by King Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York In 1664, James conveyed the land to two proprietors, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret Since Carteret had been Royal Governor of the Isle of Jersey, the territory became known as "New Jersey"

Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, but it was originally known as "Newark Mountains" On June 7, 1780, the townspeople of Newark Mountains officially voted to adopt the name Orange28 At the time, there was a significant number of people in favor of secession from Newark However, this would not occur until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of the Oranges was finally detached On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860 was Orange officially incorporated as a city Immediately, the new city began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861; Fairmount later to become part of West Orange on March 11, 1862; East Orange on March 4, 1863; and West Orange including Fairmount on March 14, 186320

Orange is located on the Newark and Mount-Pleasant Turnpike, the main road from Newark to Morristown, and ultimately to Easton, Pennsylvania The town became a busy thoroughfare for travelers, and hotels abounded Initially, the stagecoach was the primary method of transportation Omnibuses of the Eclipse and the Morris & Newark Lines serviced Orange The Morris and Essex Railroad arrived in Orange in November 1836, its first cars drawn by horses On October 2, 1837, the first steam locomotive appeared, and the horses were, with minor exception, relegated to pasture The "M&E" later became a part of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad DL&W, which exists today as NJ Transit's Morristown Line Trolley cars appeared much later, with the Orange and Newark Horse Car Railroad Company running its first car up Main Street in May 1862 The Orange Crosstown Line, eventually extending from Morris Street, Orange, to Bloomfield, was started in June 1888 The first electric trolley in the State of New Jersey operated over a section of this line Eventually, all of the trolleys, and the buses that replaced them, became part of the sprawling Public Service Coordinated Transport System

Orange was an industrial city from the outset Early settlers found a profuse growth of hemlock trees, an ideal supply of tannic acid for the tanning industry, and boot and shoemaking factories soon flourished

F Berg & Co hat factory building, built in 1907 The company left in the 1920s

Orange was once the hatmaking capital of the United States The industry can be traced there to 1792 By 1892, 21 firms were engaged in that trade, employing over 3,700 people in plants that produced about 48 million hats, which had a combined value in excess of $1 million Several brothers founded the "No-Name Hat Company" in Orange before one of them moved on to make fedoras in Philadelphia under the family name, "Stetson" By 1921, however, only five hatmaking firms were left, many having departed for places such as Norwalk and Danbury, Connecticut29 By 1960, all had left

Beer was a major revenue producer in Orange beginning in the early 1900s, when the three Winter Brothers of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, arrived in the city and built the first brewery The Orange Brewery was constructed in 1901 at a reported cost of $350,000 The production of beer ceased with prohibition in 1920, and after the repeal of the Volstead Act in 1933, the brewery was sold to John F Trommers of Philadelphia Trommers brewed beer under that label until 1950, when the concern was again sold to Liebmann Breweries, Incorporated, which bottled Rheingold Beer Eventually, after several additional owners, the plant was closed permanently in 1977

Other notable firms located in Orange were the Monroe Calculating Company, manufacturers of the patented adding machines of the same name, and the Bates Manufacturing Company, producers of office accessories such as staplers and stampers The United States Radium Corporation was a notorious resident of Orange This firm refined ore and extracted the radium used to make luminous paint for dials and hands of watches and other indicators It was only years later that the terrible carcinogenic effects of this material became known, and the polluted site of the factory became a thorn in the side of the city30

Orange has produced such notables as baseball's Monte Irvin and heavyweight boxer Tony Galento Actor William Bendix lived and worked here for a short while Presidents, presidential candidates, and governors visited Orange threw a grand party on its 100th anniversary, and another when it turned 150

Once a multi-ethnic, economically diverse city, Orange suffered indirectly from the 1967 riots in Newark even though Newark and Orange do not share a border and directly from the construction of Interstate 280 through the heart of the downtown area, triggering middle-class "white flight" from aging industrial towns to the new automobile suburbs being built in western Essex County and elsewhere By the end of the 1970s, Orange had many of the urban ills normally associated with larger cities

In 1982, citizens voted overwhelmingly to change the designation of Orange from a city to a township, thereby making it eligible for federal Revenue Sharing funds25 In 1985, the State of New Jersey named Orange as a State Urban Enterprise Zone, creating tax breaks and investment incentives25 This program has since been phased out31

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2201 square miles 5700 km2, including 2199 square miles 5694 km2 of land and 0002 square miles 0005 km2 of water 009%12

The East Branch of the Rahway River travels through Orange32

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1810 2,266
1820 2,830 249%
1830 3,887 373%
1840 3,264 −160%
1850 4,385 343%
1860 8,877 1024%
1870 9,348 53%
1880 13,207 413%
1890 18,844 427%
1900 24,141 281%
1910 29,630 227%
1920 33,268 123%
1930 35,399 64%
1940 35,717 09%
1950 38,037 65%
1960 35,789 −59%
1970 32,566 −90%
1980 31,136 −44%
1990 29,925 −39%
2000 32,868 98%
2010 30,134 −83%
Est 2016 30,583 15%
Population sources: 1810-192034
1840-190035 184036 1850-187037
185038 187039 1880-189040
1890-191041 1860-193042
1930-199043 20004445 20108910
= Lost territory in previous decade20

2010 Censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,134 people, 11,202 households, and 6,878 families residing in the township The population density was 13,7057 per square mile 5,2918/km2 There were 12,222 housing units at an average density of 5,5589 per square mile 2,1463/km2 The racial makeup of the township was 1280% 3,857 White, 7183% 21,645 Black or African American, 057% 173 Native American, 151% 455 Asian, 002% 6 Pacific Islander, 995% 2,999 from other races, and 332% 999 from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2167% 6,531 of the population8

There were 11,202 households out of which 310% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 286% were married couples living together, 246% had a female householder with no husband present, and 386% were non-families 327% of all households were made up of individuals, and 114% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 266 and the average family size was 3388

In the township, the population was spread out with 250% under the age of 18, 98% from 18 to 24, 305% from 25 to 44, 236% from 45 to 64, and 112% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 344 years For every 100 females there were 890 males For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 841 males8

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars median household income was $40,818 with a margin of error of +/- $1,616 and the median family income was $44,645 +/- $4,033 Males had a median income of $34,986 +/- $3,168 versus $36,210 +/- $2,706 for females The per capita income for the borough was $19,816 +/- $1,027 About 162% of families and 181% of the population were below the poverty line, including 246% of those under age 18 and 206% of those age 65 or over46

2000 Censusedit

As of the 2000 United States Census16 there were 32,868 people, 11,885 households, and 7,642 families residing in the township The population density was 14,9037 people per square mile 5,7423/km2 There were 12,665 housing units at an average density of 5,7428 per square mile 2,2127/km2 The racial makeup of the township was 1320% White, 7510% Black or African American, 034% Native American, 126% Asian, 010% Pacific Islander, 521% from other races, and 479% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1247% of the population4445

There were 11,885 households out of which 334% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 307% were married couples living together, 263% had a female householder with no husband present, and 357% were non-families 302% of all households were made up of individuals and 105% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 273 and the average family size was 3384445

In the township the population was spread out with 277% under the age of 18, 100% from 18 to 24, 322% from 25 to 44, 193% from 45 to 64, and 108% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 32 years For every 100 females there were 860 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 791 males4445

The median income for a household in the township was $35,759, and the median income for a family was $40,852 Males had a median income of $33,442 versus $29,520 for females The per capita income for the CDP was $16,861 About 154% of families and 188% of the population were below the poverty line, including 246% of those under age 18 and 167% of those age 65 or over4445

As part of the 2000 Census, 7510% of Orange's residents identified themselves as being African American, one of the highest percentages of African American people in the United States, and the fourth-highest in New Jersey behind Lawnside at 9360%, East Orange at 8946%, and Irvington at 8166% of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry47

Orange has a large Haitian American population, with 114% of residents identifying themselves as being of Haitian ancestry, the highest of any municipality in New Jersey and the eighth-highest in the United States48

Although still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of Guyanese Americans in the country In the 2000 Census, 29% of Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry While Queens and Brooklyn had larger populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange and East Orange with 25% had the highest percentages of people of Guyanese ancestry as a portion of the total population of all places in the United States49

Governmentedit

Municipal Building

Local governmentedit

Orange is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council form of municipal government, with a directly elected mayor and a City Council consisting of four ward representatives and three at-large representatives Councilmembers are elected to serve four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections on a staggered basis with the four ward seats and the three at-large seats coming up for election on an alternating cycle every two years6

As of 2016update, the Mayor of Orange is Dwayne D Warren, whose term of office ends June 30, 20203 Members of the City Council are Council President Donna K Williams At-Large, 2020, Council Vice-President Kerry J Coley East Ward, 2018, Tency A Eason North Ward, 2018, Christopher G Jackson At-Large, 2020, Harold Johnson Jr West Ward, 2018, Jamie Summers-Johnson South Ward, 2018 and Adrienne Wooten At-Large, 20205051525354

Federal, state and county representationedit

The City of Orange Township is located in the 10th Congressional District55 and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district95657 Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Orange had been in the 27th state legislative district58

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr D, Newark59 New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker D, Newark, term ends 202160 and Bob Menendez D, Paramus, 20196162

For the 2016–2017 session Senate, General Assembly, the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill D, Montclair and in the General Assembly by Thomas P Giblin D, Montclair and Sheila Oliver D, East Orange63 The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie R, Mendham Township64 The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno R, Monmouth Beach65

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders66 As of 2016update, the County Executive is Joseph N DiVincenzo, Jr67 The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018666869 Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Britnee N Timberlake District 3 – East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange70 Freeholder Vice President Brendan W Gill at large; Montclair,71 Rufus I Johnson at large; Newark,72 Lebby C Jones at large; Irvington,73 Patricia Sebold at large; Livingston,74 Rolando Bobadilla District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark,75 Wayne L Richardson District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark,76 Leonard M Luciano District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell,77 and Cynthia D Toro District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield787980 Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J Durkin West Caldwell, 2020,81 Sheriff Armando B Fontoura Fairfield, 201882 and Surrogate Theodore N Stephens II 20168368

Politicsedit

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 14,943 registered voters in Orange, of which 8,490 568% were registered as Democrats, 302 20% were registered as Republicans and 6,147 411% were registered as Unaffiliated There were no voters registered to other parties84

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 967% of the vote 9,828 cast, ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 29% 291 votes, and other candidates with 04% 42 votes, among the 10,230 ballots cast by the township's 16,243 registered voters 69 ballots were spoiled, for a turnout of 630%8586 In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 955% of the vote 10,001 cast, ahead of Republican John McCain with 38% 397 votes and other candidates with 03% 27 votes, among the 10,476 ballots cast by the city's 15,388 registered voters, for a turnout of 681%87 In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 896% of the vote 8,000 ballots cast, outpolling Republican George W Bush with 91% 811 votes and other candidates with 05% 67 votes, among the 8,931 ballots cast by the city's 14,409 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 62088

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 850% of the vote 3,809 cast, ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 144% 643 votes, and other candidates with 06% 27 votes, among the 4,560 ballots cast by the township's 16,607 registered voters 81 ballots were spoiled, for a turnout of 275%8990 In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 917% of the vote 4,993 ballots cast, ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 55% 302 votes, Independent Chris Daggett with 14% 74 votes and other candidates with 06% 31 votes, among the 5,442 ballots cast by the city's 14,891 registered voters, yielding a 365% turnout91

Emergency servicesedit

Fire Departmentedit

Central fire station

The City of Orange is served by the professional firefighters of the city of Orange Fire Department OFD Founded in 1872, the OFD operates out of two Fire Stations, located at 419 Central Avenue, and 257 Washington Street The fire apparatus fleet consist of three engines, one ladder, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units The current Director of the Fire Department is Kenneth M Douglas92

Educationedit

Orange Middle School Lincoln Avenue School

The Orange Board of Education serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,93 which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority9495

As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 11 schools had an enrollment of 4,618 students and 4365 classroom teachers on an FTE basis, for a student–teacher ratio of 1058:196 Schools in the district with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics97 are Orange Early Childhood Center,98 eight elementary schools — Central School defunct, had 249 students in grades K-2, Cleveland Street School99 296; K-7, Forest Street School100 356; PreK-7, Heywood Avenue School101 422; PreK-7, Lincoln Avenue School102 599; K-7, Oakwood Avenue School103 274; PreK-7, Park Avenue School104 437; K-7, Rosa Parks School105 618; 2-7, formerly Main Street School — Orange Preparatory Academy106 for grades 8-9 571, formerly Orange Middle School, Orange High School107 for grades 10–12 796 and Career and Innovation Academy of Orange108109110

The Orange Public Library collection contains 200,000 volumes and circulates 43,000 items annually111 Built as the Stickler Memorial Library,112 the imposing structure designed by McKim, Mead, and White opened in 1901113

Commerceedit

Portions of Orange are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate versus the 7% rate charged statewide at eligible merchants114

Transportationedit

Roads and highwaysedit

As of May 2010update, the city had a total of 4464 miles 7184 km of roadways, of which 3914 miles 6299 km were maintained by the municipality, 443 miles 713 km by Essex County and 107 miles 172 km by the New Jersey Department of Transportation115

Public transportationedit

The Orange116 and Highland Avenue117 stations provide NJ Transit train service along the Morris & Essex Lines formerly Erie Lackawanna Railway Service is available via the Kearny Connection to Secaucus Junction and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to Hoboken Terminal Passengers can transfer at Newark Broad Street or Summit station to reach the other destination if necessary118

NJ Transit buses in Orange include the 21, 24, 34, 41, 44, 71, 73 and 79 routes providing service to Newark and local service on the 92 and 97 routes119

Notable peopleedit

See also: Category:People from Orange, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Orange include:

  • Anthony Accetturo born 1938, former caporegime and leader of the New Jersey faction of the Lucchese crime family, The Jersey Crew120
  • Robert Adams born 1937, photographer who has focused on the changing landscape of the American West121
  • Walter G Alexander 1880-1953, first African American member of the New Jersey Legislature122123
  • Jay Alford born 1983, defensive tackle for the Oakland Raiders drafted in the 3rd Round of the 2007 NFL Draft 81st overall124
  • Peter Allgeier, served as US Deputy Trade Representative from May 2001 until August 2009125
  • George Armstrong 1924-1993, catcher who played eight MLB games in 1946 with the Philadelphia Athletics126
  • John L Blake 1831-1899, represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1879 to 1881127
  • Cory Boyd born 1985, former starting tailback for the University of South Carolina128 and drafted by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the 7th round 238th pick overall of the 2008 NFL Draft
  • Samuel P Bush 1863-1948, industrialist and patriarch of the Bush political family129
  • John Condit 1755-1834, United States Representative and a United States Senator from New Jersey130
  • Silas Condit 1778-1861, represented New Jersey in the United States House of Representatives from 1831 to 1833131
  • John Crotty born 1969, former NBA basketball player132133
  • Bobby Czyz born 1962, champion prizefighter134
  • Brian E Daley born 1940, professor of theology who received the Ratzinger Prize in 2012135
  • Pete D'Alonzo 1929-2001, football player who played two seasons with the Detroit Lions of the NFL136
  • Constance Adams DeMille 1874-1960, actress and wife of director Cecil B DeMille137
  • S Kip Farrington 1904-1983, sport fisherman and journalist138
  • Gail Fisher 1935-2000, actress best known for her role on Mannix139
  • Charles N Fowler 1852-1932, represented 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1895 to 1911140
  • Tony Galento 1910-1979, heavyweight boxer141
  • Al Harrington born 1980, professional basketball player currently playing for the NBA's Denver Nuggets142
  • George Huntington Hartford 1833-1917, Mayor from 1878 to 1890 and owned the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company, the country's largest food retailer at the time of his death143
  • Beatrice Hicks 1919-1979, founder of the Society of Women Engineers in 1950144
  • Dulé Hill born 1975, actor145
  • Monte Irvin 1919-2016, former Negro leagues and MLB outfielder146
  • Bobby M Jones born 1972, pitcher who played for the New York Mets during his MLB career147148
  • Mark Kelly born 1964, astronaut who first went into space as the pilot for STS-108 Endeavour December 5–17, 2001, and returned to space with STS-121 in 2006 as the pilot; His twin brother, Scott Kelly, is also in the Astronaut Corps149
  • Jay Lynch 1945-2017, cartoonist best known for his comic strip Nard n' Pat150
  • John B Mason 1858-1919, stage actor151
  • Lowell Mason 1792-1872, composer of over 1600 hymn tunes, including his arrangement of "Joy to the World"152153
  • Elmer Matthews 1927-2015, lawyer and politician who served three terms in the New Jersey General Assembly154
  • George McClellan 1826-1885, American Civil War general and later Governor of New Jersey, died here155
  • Donald W McGowan, United States Army Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau156
  • John Milnor born 1931, mathematician known for his work in differential topology, K-theory and dynamical systems and recipient of the Fields Medal, Wolf Prize, and Abel Prize157
  • Daniel F Minahan 1877-1947, served as mayor of Orange from May 1914 until August 1919, and represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1919 to 1921 and again from 1923 to 1925158
  • Gordon Allen Newkirk Jr 1928-1985, astrophysicist best known for his research on the solar corona159
  • Col Henry Steel Olcott 1832-1907, founder and first president of the Theosophical Society, first well-known person of European ancestry to make a formal conversion to Buddhism, helped create a Buddhist renaissance, assisted in designing the Buddhist flag, a national hero of Sri Lanka160
  • Daniel Quillen 1940-2011, mathematician known for being the "prime architect" of higher algebraic K-theory and recipient of the Fields Medal161
  • Jim Ringo 1931-2007, NFL player for the Green Bay Packers and Philadelphia Eagles, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame162
  • Dick Savitt born 1927, tennis player who reached a ranking of No 2 in the world163
  • Roy Scheider 1932-2008, actor164
  • Morton Schindel 1918-2016, educator, producer, and founder of Weston Woods Studios, which specializes in adapting children's books into animated films165
  • Lucy Stone, 1818-1893, abolitionist and suffragist who staged a tax protest in 1857 over her lack of representation as a homeowner in Orange166
  • George Tully 1904-1980, former NFL player167
  • Terrell Willis born 1973, running back who played in the NFL with the New York Jets168

Points of interestedit

  • Orange Reservoir
  • Rosedale Cemetery
  • St Johns Catholic Cemetery
  • St Johns Church
  • Columbus Hall

See alsoedit

  • Radium Girls, the name given to a group of women who were harmed, and ultimately died, from radiation exposure at a factory in Orange

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d e 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau Accessed May 21, 2015
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau Accessed September 4, 2014
  3. ^ a b Office of the Mayor, City of Orange Township Accessed July 4, 2016
  4. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs Accessed May 30, 2017
  5. ^ Business Administrator's Office, City of Orange Township Accessed April 25, 2017
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p 125
  7. ^ US Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of City of Orange, Geographic Names Information System Accessed March 8, 2013
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau Accessed December 14, 2011
  9. ^ a b c d e Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p 14 Accessed January 6, 2013
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1 Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for City of Orange township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development Accessed December 14, 2011
  11. ^ "2010 Census Populations: Essex County", Asbury Park Press Accessed October 6, 2011
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau Accessed June 16, 2017
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau Accessed August 6, 2013
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service Accessed October 6, 2011
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Jersey City, NJ, Area-Codescom Accessed April 1, 2015
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau Accessed September 4, 2014
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center Accessed July 5, 2012
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey Accessed April 8, 2015
  19. ^ Table 7 Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011 Accessed July 5, 2012
  20. ^ a b c Snyder, John P The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969 pp 130-131 Accessed July 6, 2012
  21. ^ "Chapter VI: Municipal Names and Municipal Classification", p 73 New Jersey State Commission on County and Municipal Government, 1992 Accessed September 24, 2015
  22. ^ "Removing Tiering From The Revenue Sharing Formula Would Eliminate Payment Inequities To Local Governments", Government Accountability Office, April 15, 1982 Accessed September 24, 2015 "In 1978, South Orange Village was the first municipality to change its name to the 'township' of South Orange Village effective beginning in entitlement period 10 October 1978 to September 1979 The Borough of Fairfield in 1978 changed its designation by a majority vote of the electorate and became the 'Township of Fairfield' effective beginning entitlement period 11 October 1979 to September 1980 However, the Revenue Sharing Act was not changed and the actions taken by South Orange and Fairfield prompted the Town of Montclair and West Orange to change their designation by referendum in the November 4, 1980, election The municipalities of Belleville, Verona, Bloomfield, Nutley, Essex Fells, Caldwell, and West Caldwell have since changed their classification from municipality to a township"
  23. ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A "New Jersey Journal", The New York Times, December 27, 1981 Accessed September 24, 2015 "Under the Federal system, New Jersey's portion of the revenue sharing funds is disbursed among the 21 counties to create three 'money pools' One is for county governments, one for 'places' and a third for townships By making the change, a community can use the 'township advantage' to get away from the category containing areas with low per capita incomes"
  24. ^ Karcher, Alan J New Jersey's Multiple Municipal Madness, pp 119-120 Rutgers University Press, 1998 ISBN 9780813525662 Accessed September 24, 2015
  25. ^ a b c Historical Overview, City of Orange Township Accessed December 18, 2011
  26. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945 Accessed September 16, 2015
  27. ^ Gannett, Henry The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p 23 United States Government Printing Office, 1905 Accessed September 16, 2015
  28. ^ Pierson, David Lawrence History of the Oranges to 1921: Reviewing the Rise, Development and Progress of an Influential Community – Volume 1 Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1922 OCLC 3884577 See Chapter XXIX – The Name Orange Adopted, Page 155 Available via Google Books
  29. ^ "History of the Hat Industry at Orange, NJ" Retrieved 5 November 2016 
  30. ^ Frame, Paul Radioluminescent Paint, Oak Ridge Associated Universities Accessed September 17, 2007
  31. ^ City of Orange Township Urban Enterprise Zone UEZ, City of Orange Township Accessed February 8, 2016 "UEZ has been phased out, but remaining funds will be used for planned projects"
  32. ^ About the Rahway River Watershed, Rahway River Watershed Association Accessed December 1, 2016 "The East Branch originates between West Orange and Orange and travels through South Orange and Maplewood "
  33. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau Accessed June 16, 2017
  34. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906 Accessed July 17, 2013
  35. ^ Dugan, Daniel A The Revised Charter, With Supplements Thereto of the City of Orange, N J, p 509 The Chronicle Press, 1900 Accessed November 5, 2012
  36. ^ Bowen, Francis American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p 231, David H Williams, 1842 Accessed July 17, 2013 Population for 1840 is listed as 3,269, which is five more than the value listed in the table
  37. ^ Raum, John O The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p 245, J E Potter and company, 1877 Accessed July 17, 2013 "The city of Orange is divided into three wards It was incorporated as a town January 31st, 1860 The present charter creating it into three wards was approved March 3d, 1869, and on the 3d of April, 1872, a supplement was approved by which it was changed to a city Its population in 1850 was 4,385; in 1860, 8,877; and in 1870, 9,348"
  38. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p 138 R Armstrong, 1853 Accessed July 17, 2013
  39. ^ Staff A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p 259 United States Census Bureau, 1872 Accessed July 17, 2013
  40. ^ Porter, Robert Percival Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p 98 United States Census Bureau, 1890 Accessed July 17, 2013
  41. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p 336 Accessed July 5, 2012
  42. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p 711 Accessed December 18, 2011
  43. ^ Table 6 New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development Accessed June 28, 2015
  44. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for City of Orange township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau Accessed August 14, 2012
  45. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 SF 1 100-Percent Data for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau Accessed August 14, 2012
  46. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau Accessed July 5, 2012
  47. ^ African American Communities, EPodunk Accessed August 25, 2007
  48. ^ Guyanese Communities, EPodunk Accessed April 3, 2011
  49. ^ Guyanese Communities, EPodunk Accessed August 21, 2006
  50. ^ Orange Township City Council, City of Orange Township Accessed July 12, 2016
  51. ^ 2015 Municipal User Friendly Budget, City of Orange Township Accessed July 4, 2016
  52. ^ Essex County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed July 1, 2016 Accessed July 1, 2016
  53. ^ 2016 Municipal Election May 10, 2016, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated May 16, 2016 Accessed July 1, 2016
  54. ^ 2014 Non-Partisan Municipal Election May 13, 2014, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, April 18, 2016 Accessed July 1, 2016
  55. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011 Accessed January 6, 2013
  56. ^ 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p 62, New Jersey League of Women Voters Accessed May 30, 2017
  57. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature Accessed January 6, 2013
  58. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p 62, New Jersey League of Women Voters Accessed May 22, 2015
  59. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives Accessed January 5, 2012
  60. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate Accessed January 26, 2015 "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community"
  61. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015 "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert"
  62. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey United States Senate Accessed January 26, 2015 "Booker, Cory A - D - NJ Class II; Menendez, Robert - D - NJ Class I"
  63. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature Accessed January 17, 2016
  64. ^ "About the Governor" State of New Jersey Retrieved 2010-01-21 
  65. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor" State of New Jersey Retrieved 2010-01-21 
  66. ^ a b General Information, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016 "The County Executive, elected from the County at-large, for a four-year term, is the chief political and administrative officer of the County The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November"
  67. ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  68. ^ a b County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  69. ^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  70. ^ Britnee N Timberlake, Freeholder President / District 3, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  71. ^ Brendan W Gill, Freeholder Vice President / At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  72. ^ Rufus I Johnson, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  73. ^ Lebby C Jones, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  74. ^ Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  75. ^ Rolando Bobadilla, Freeholder District 1, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  76. ^ Wayne L Richardson, Freeholder District 2, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed July 9, 2014
  77. ^ Leonard M Luciano, Freeholder District 4, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  78. ^ Cynthia D Toro, Freeholder District 5, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  79. ^ Members of the Board, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  80. ^ Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey Accessed December 13, 2016
  81. ^ About, Essex County Clerk Accessed December 13, 2016
  82. ^ Armando B Fontoura – Essex County Sheriff, Essex County Sheriff's Office Accessed December 13, 2016
  83. ^ Essex County Surrogate Theodore N Stephens, II, Essex County Surrogate's Court Accessed December 13, 2016
  84. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Essex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011 Accessed November 5, 2012
  85. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Essex County" PDF New Jersey Department of Elections March 15, 2013 Retrieved December 24, 2014 
  86. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Essex County" PDF New Jersey Department of Elections March 15, 2013 Retrieved December 24, 2014 
  87. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008 Accessed November 5, 2012
  88. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004 Accessed November 5, 2012
  89. ^ "Governor - Essex County" PDF New Jersey Department of Elections January 29, 2014 Retrieved December 24, 2014 
  90. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Essex County" PDF New Jersey Department of Elections January 29, 2014 Retrieved December 24, 2014 
  91. ^ 2009 Governor: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009 Accessed November 5, 2012
  92. ^ Fire Department, City of Orange Township Accessed July 5, 2012
  93. ^ Abbott School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education Accessed July 14, 2017
  94. ^ About SDA, New Jersey Schools Development Authority Accessed July 14, 2017
  95. ^ SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority Accessed July 14, 2017
  96. ^ District information for Orange School District, National Center for Education Statistics Accessed June 11, 2014
  97. ^ School Data for the Orange Board of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Accessed July 31, 2014
  98. ^ Orange Early Childhood Center, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  99. ^ Cleveland Street School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  100. ^ Forest Street School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  101. ^ Heywood Avenue School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  102. ^ Lincoln Avenue School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  103. ^ Oakwood Avenue School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  104. ^ Park Avenue School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  105. ^ Rosa Parks School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  106. ^ Orange Preparatory Academy, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  107. ^ Orange High School, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  108. ^ Career and Innovation Academy of Orange, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  109. ^ Our Schools, Orange Board of Education Accessed August 21, 2014
  110. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Orange Board of Education, New Jersey Department of Education Accessed December 29, 2016
  111. ^ Orange Public Library, LibraryTechnologyorg Accessed December 31, 2016 "The collection of the library contains 200,000 volumes The library circulates 43,835 items per year"
  112. ^ Staff "STICKLER MEMORIAL LIBRARY; Ground Broken for Structure to Cost $100,000 at Orange", The New York Times, May 14, 1900 Accessed July 31, 2014
  113. ^ About Our Library, Orange Public Library Accessed July 31, 2014
  114. ^ Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009 Accessed October 6, 2011
  115. ^ Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010 Accessed July 18, 2014
  116. ^ Orange station, NJ Transit Accessed July 31, 2014
  117. ^ Highland Avenue station, NJ Transit Accessed July 31, 2014
  118. ^ Morristown Line, NJ Transit Accessed July 31, 2014
  119. ^ Essex County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009 Accessed October 6, 2011
  120. ^ Raab, Selwyn "Mafia Defector Says He Lost His Faith", The New York Times, March 2, 1994 Accessed September 16, 2015 "A portly, moon-faced man, 5 feet 9 inches tall and 220 pounds, Mr Accetturo smiled frequently and responded freely during most of the 80-minute interview He said that as a young man, growing up in Orange, NJ, and in Newark, he was drawn to a life in the Mafia because he had few other economic opportunities"
  121. ^ Blevins, Tim 'Film & Photography on the Front Range, p 290 Pikes Peak Library District, 2012 ISBN 9781567352979 Accessed September 16, 2015
  122. ^ Staff "WG ALEXANDER, 72, A JERSEY PHYSICIAN; Ex-Head of National Medical Association, First Negro in State's Legislature, Dies", The New York Times, February 6, 1953 Accessed December 18, 2011 "ORANGE, N J Feb 5 - Dr Walter G Alexander, former president of the National Medical Association and the first Negro elected to the New Jersey Legislature, died here today at his home, 58 Webster Place"
  123. ^ Biographical information for Walter G Alexander, The Political Graveyard
  124. ^ Giants Select Penn State DT Jay Alford in Third Round, New York Giants, April 28, 2007 Accessed May 1, 2007
  125. ^ Deputy USTR Peter F Allgeier; Deputy US Trade Representative US Representative to the World Trade Organization, Office of the United States Trade Representative, February 18, 2005 Accessed September 16, 2015 "Mr Allgeier was born in Orange, New Jersey"
  126. ^ George Armstrong, Baseball-Referencecom Accessed September 16, 2015
  127. ^ John Lauris Blake, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Accessed August 13, 2007
  128. ^ Cory Boyd profile, South Carolina Gamecocks Accessed October 30, 2007
  129. ^ Parmet, Herbert S George Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee, p 18 Transaction Publishers, 2001 ISBN 0-7658-0730-0 Accessed December 18, 2011 "Their son, Samuel Prescott Bush, may properly be said to have been the family's modern "founding father" Born in Orange, New Jersey, on October 4, 1863, he left his parents behind in Staten Island when, at the age of seventeen, he crossed the Kill Van Kull and went a few miles north to the Stevens Institute of Technology"
  130. ^ John Condit, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Accessed August 21, 2007
  131. ^ Silas Condit, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Accessed August 23, 2007
  132. ^ John Crotty, Basketball-Referencecom Accessed December 6, 2007
  133. ^ Staff "Crotty sailing along nicely", The Deseret News, January 4, 2002 Accessed August 19, 2011 "'Guys believe in what I'm doing, so they're going to hit me for the open pass, and trust that I'm going to make the right play,' said Crotty, an Orange, NJ, native who makes his home in Miami, one of six cities in which he's played during a 10-season NBA career"
  134. ^ Smith, Greg "An Interview with Bobby Czyz Part 1: Formative Years, Amateur Career, and The Rise and Fall of a Middleweight", Hard Core Boxing, September 14, 2005 Accessed July 31, 2014 "Bobby Czyz was born on February 10, 1962 I knew that Bobby spent the first few years of his life in Orange, New Jersey, but was essentially raised about 30 minutes away from Orange in the suburban enclave of Wanaque"
  135. ^ Davis, Stephen T; Kendall, Daniel; and O'Collins, Gerald The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God, p xix Oxford University Press, 2004 ISBN 9780199275779 Accessed July 6, 2016 "BRIAN E DALEY Born in Orange, New Jersey, he obtained his Bachelor's degree at Fordham University in 1961, and a BA MA in Classics and Philosophy at Merton College, Oxford, in 1964"
  136. ^ Pete D'Alonzo, profootballarchivescom Accessed March 28, 2015
  137. ^ Staff "Envoy to All peoples", The Boston Globe, August 12, 1956 Accessed December 14, 2011 "When DeMille was touring with EH Sothern as an actor, he met and married Constance Adams of Orange, NJ In 1952 they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary with all the DeMille children and grandchildren"
  138. ^ Thomas Jr, Robert McG "S Kip Farrington Jr Is Dead; Was A Sportsman And Writer", The New York Times, February 8, 1983 Accessed July 6, 2016 "A native of Orange, NJ, Mr Farrington joined his family's brokerage firm at the age of 16 and became a partner at 21, but when his family moved to East Hampton in the 1920's, he became enchanted with deep-sea fishing and decided to devote himself to sports"
  139. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence "Gail Fisher, 65, TV Actress Who Won Emmy for 'Mannix'", The New York Times, February 20, 2001 Accessed March 19, 2014 "But she was determined to be one She was born in Orange, NJ, and grew up in Potters Crossing, a black section of Edison Township, NJ"
  140. ^ Charles Newell Fowler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Accessed August 9, 2007
  141. ^ "Beer Punch", Time magazine, May 23, 1938 Accessed August 14, 2007 "In the Stone Age a fight was simply a fight A throwback to Stone-Age man is potbellied Tony Galento, Orange, N J bartender, who shrugs his chubby shoulders at the fancy art of boxing, scoffs at the modern mode of training"
  142. ^ "Al Harrington traded for Stephen Jackson", Inside Hoops, July 15, 2004 Accessed June 4, 2008 "A 6–9 forward from Orange, New Jersey, Harrington prepped at St Patrick's High in Elizabeth, NJ and he was the first player ever drafted from the high school ranks by the Pacers"
  143. ^ Anderson, Avis H A & P: The Story of the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, p 47 Arcadia Publishing, 2002 ISBN 9780738510385 Accessed April 8, 2015 "On July 24, 1861, George Huntigton Hartford married Marie Josephine Ludlum of Goshen, New York, and moved into a small house in Brooklyn The couple moved to Orange, New Jersey, in 1866, the same year that George was made a partner in the Great American Tea Company"
  144. ^ Beatrice Alice Hicks, 1919–1979, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Accessed December 18, 2007 "Born in Orange, New Jersey in 1919, Beatrice Hicks displayed an affinity for and aptitude in math, science, and engineering from an early age"
  145. ^ "Seen on the Screen", News & Observer, August 10, 2007 Accessed January 17, 2008 "Hill, 32, was born Karim Dule Hill in Orange, NJ and raised in nearby Sayreville"
  146. ^ Goldstein, Richard "Monte Irvin, Star Outfielder Who Lost His Prime to Racism, Dies at 96", The New York Times, January 12, 2016 Accessed June 2, 2017 "Monford Merrill Irvin was born on Feb 25, 1919, in Haleburg, Ala, one of 11 children raised by Cupid Alexander Irvin, a sharecropper, and his wife, Mary Eliza When he was 8, he and his family moved to Bloomfield, NJ, and they settled in Orange, NJ, two years later"
  147. ^ The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia Sterling Publishing 2006 p 1294 ISBN 1-4027-4771-3 
  148. ^ Glanville, Doug The Game from Where I Stand: A Ballplayer's Inside View, p 253 Macmillan Publishers, 2010 ISBN 9780805091595 Accessed June 14, 2016 "And there was Bobby M Jones: from the opposite coast Orange, New Jersey, drafted out of high school, pitched for the Rockies for most of his brief major league career"
  149. ^ Astronaut Bio: Mark Kelly, NASA Accessed February 24, 2008
  150. ^ Sandomir, Richard "Jay Lynch, Underground Comics Creator, Dies at 72", The New York Times, March 12, 2017 Accessed March 13, 2017 "Mr Lynch's early life was a bit unconventional Jay Patrick Lynch was born in Orange, NJ, on Jan 7, 1945, and grew up in Belmar"
  151. ^ Derby, George; and White, James Terry "John B Mason", The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1916, pg 51
  152. ^ Staff "Obituary: Dr Lowell Mason", The New York Times, August 13, 1872 Accessed June 6, 2016 "On Sunday last, Dr Lowell Mason died at his residence at Orange, N J, at the age of eighty-one years"
  153. ^ Menendez, Albert J; and Menendez, Shirley New Jersey Trivia, p 69 Rutledge Hill Press, 1993 ISBN 1-55853-223-4
  154. ^ Staff "Elmer M Matthews, veteran, lawyer and former NJ legislator, dies", Palm Beach Daily News, February 7, 2015 Accessed November 23, 2015 "Elmer M Matthews of Palm Beach and Sea Girt, NJ, died Thursday, Feb 5, 2015, after a brief illness He was 87 Born in Orange, NJ, Mr Matthews lived in South Orange, Verona, Bernardsville and Sea Girt, NJ, before moving to Palm Beach"
  155. ^ Rafuse, Ethan S "George B McClellan", The New York Times Accessed December 18, 2011
  156. ^ Thomas F Fitzgerald, Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1960, page 322
  157. ^ Castelvecchi, Davide; and Matson, John "Dimension-Cruncher: Exotic Spheres Earn Mathematician John Milnor an Abel Prize: His discovery that some seven-dimensional spheres look different under the lens of calculus spurred decades of research in topology", Scientific American, March 24, 2011 Accessed April 3, 2011 "Milnor was born in 1931 in Orange, NJ, and graduated from Princeton University in 1951"
  158. ^ Daniel F Minahan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Accessed July 16, 2007
  159. ^ Newkirk, Gordon Allen Jr 1928-1985, National Center for Atmospheric Research Accessed November 3, 2015 "Gordon Allen Newkirk Jr, was born in Orange, New Jersey on June 12, 1928"
  160. ^ Janet Kerschner, The Olcott Family, Theosophicalorg Accessed January 11, 2009
  161. ^ Segal, Graeme "Daniel Quillen obituary: A US mathematician, he developed a key algebraic theory", The Guardian, June 23, 2011 Accessed August 19, 2011 "Born in Orange, New Jersey, Quillen won scholarships to Newark academy, and then to Harvard, where as a graduate student he worked under Raoul Bott, before going to a post at MIT"
  162. ^ Litsky, Frank "Jim Ringo, Pro Football Hall of Fame Center, Dies at 75", The New York Times, November 21, 2007 Accessed April 3, 2011 "James Stephen Ringo was born Nov 21, 1931, in Orange, NJ, and played high school football in Phillipsburg, NJ"
  163. ^ Staff "Savitt Rallies to Beat Flam", Los Angeles Times, July 5, 1951 Accessed April 3, 2011 "Dick Savitt of Orange, NJ, who is seeking a sweep of the world's major amateur tennis titles, rallied from what looked like certain defeat today to vanquish Herbie Flam of Beverly Hills, 1–6, 15–13, 6–3, 6–2, and storm into the finals of the All-England"
  164. ^ Kehr, Dave "Roy Scheider, Actor in Jaws, Dies at 75", The New York Times, February 11, 2008 Accessed February 24, 2008 "Born in 1932 in Orange, NJ, Mr Scheider earned his distinctive broken nose in the New Jersey Diamond Gloves Competition"
  165. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E "Morton Schindel, Who Turned Children's Books Into Animated Films, Dies at 98", The New York Times, August 24, 2016 Accessed August 24, 2016 "Morton Schindel was born on Jan 29, 1918, in Orange, NJ"
  166. ^ http://essexuuorg/stonehouhtml Location of the Lucy Stone House in Orange, New Jersey, First Unitarian Universalist Church of Essex County, January 1998 Accessed June 29, 2017 "Lucy Stone, public speaker, suffragist, and abolitionist, moved to Orange, New Jersey in April 1857 and lived there for about one year Her house there became famous as the site of her protest against taxation without representation"
  167. ^ George Tully, profootballarchivescom Accessed August 21, 2014
  168. ^ Politi, Steve "Politi: Willis remains bitter about Rutgers", The Star-Ledger, September 6, 2007 Accessed April 3, 2011 "In another time, Terrell Willis was supposed to be that player for the Scarlet Knights As good as Rice was as a freshman, no player in Rutgers history started his career with greater promise than Willis did when the Orange native broke onto the national scene in 1993"

External linksedit

  • City of Orange Township website
  • Orange Board of Education
  • Orange Board of Education's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
  • School Data for the Orange Board of Education, National Center for Education Statistics
  • Citizens for Responsible Government website

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