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Operation Reservist

operation reservist, operation reservist 1942
Royal Navy
US Navy
6th Infantry Regiment

  • 3rd Battalion
UnknownStrength 393 landing troops
2 sloops 4,000 soldiers
31 warshipsCasualties and losses  United States:
194 killed
164 wounded
 United Kingdom:
113 killed
86 wounded
2 sloops destroyed 165 killed

Operation Reservist was an Allied military operation during the Second World War Part of Operation Torch the Allied invasion of North Africa, it was an attempted landing of troops directly into the harbour at Oran in Algeria[2]

Contents

  • 1 Background
  • 2 The Operation
  • 3 References
  • 4 Bibliography
  • 5 External links
  • 6 See also

Background

The purpose of Operation Reservist was to capture the valuable facilities and ships at the Vichy French port of Oran before they could be destroyed The landing of troops directly from ships was extremely risky; however it was hoped that either the French defenders would be taken entirely by surprise, or that they would actually co-operate with the landing forces Two Banff-class sloops, HMS Walney and HMS Hartland were used to landing the troops

The Operation

The landing ships came under sustained fire from the defenders once they were inside the harbour boom including four shore batteries from east to west – Mole Ravin Blanc, Mole Miller and, Mole J Giraud and Mole Centre There were 31 French ships in the port which did considerable damage to the Allied vessels Casualties during Operation Reservist exceeded 90 percent of the Allied force Of the 393 American infantrymen of the 3rd Battalion, 6th Armored Infantry Regiment, 189 were killed and 157 wounded The Royal Navy suffered 113 dead and 86 wounded and a small US Navy team assigned as anti-sabotage five killed and seven wounded[3] Walney made it alongside the jetty and succeeded in landing a small number of men The survivors were captured

The defenders surrendered two days after the invasion, but the harbour facilities had been destroyed

Landings were carried out at the same time to invest Oran at three different beaches A similar operation took place at Algiers, codenamed Operation Terminal and included another coup de main in its harbor and an airborne operation to seize nearby airfields

References

  1. ^ Atkinson, p74
  2. ^ Roskill p327
  3. ^ Atkinson, p76

Bibliography

  • Rick Atkinson, An Army at Dawn Henry Holt and Company, LLC, 2002 mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 0-8050-7448-1
  • Stephen Roskill The War at Sea Vol II 1956 ISBN none

External links

  • Leonard Saunders-a personal history

See also

Frederick Thornton Peters

Coordinates: 35°41′28″N 0°38′30″W / 3569111°N 064167°W / 3569111; -064167

operation reservist, operation reservist 1942, operation reservist x sector


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