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Openmoko, open moko
Openmoko was a project to create a family of open source mobile phones, including the hardware specification, the operating system Openmoko Linux, and actual smartphone development implementation like the Neo 1973 and Neo FreeRunner1 The whole project was sponsored by Openmoko Inc

The first sub-project was Openmoko Linux, a Linux-based operating system designed for mobile phones, built using free software

The second sub-project was developing hardware devices on which Openmoko Linux runs The first device released was the Neo 1973,23 in 2007, which was followed up by the Neo FreeRunner on 25 June 20084 On 2 April 2009, Openmoko suspended development of their third device, codenamed GTA03, to focus on the FreeRunner56 In 2010, development of the GTA03 was continued by Golden Delicious Computers under the new codename GTA04, which includes major hardware revision, and the first unit was shipped on 10 October 20117 Unlike most other mobile phone platforms, these phones are designed to provide end users with the ability to modify the operating system and software stack Other Openmoko-supported phones are also available8


  • 1 History
  • 2 Etymology
  • 3 Software
  • 4 Openmoko Inc based hardware
    • 41 Neo 1973
    • 42 Neo FreeRunner
    • 43 Dash Express
    • 44 3D7K
    • 45 WikiReader
  • 5 Golden Delicious based hardware
    • 51 Golden Delicious GTA04 board
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


Project Openmoko was announced the 7th November 20069 by its founders First International Computer FIC10 The Initial core team for Openmoko project included Werner Almesberger, Michael Lauer, Sean Moss-Pultz and Harald Welte


The name Openmoko is an initialism for Open Mobile Kommunikations11

The codename for the phone product series, GTA, is an abbreviation of "GSM-TI-AGPS" which indicates the main components of the phone12


Originally Openmoko Inc developed its own operating system for the phones, which was called Openmoko Linux or Om It uses the Linux kernel, together with a graphical user environment built using the XOrg Server The OpenEmbedded build framework and opkg package system were used to create and maintain software packages The initial version named Om 2007 used the GTK+ toolkit and the Matchbox window manager Om 2008, which was released in August 2008, added support for the Qt toolkit and Enlightenment 17 Despite continuous improvements both of these versions did not reach a stable state As a result, Openmoko started developing Om 2009, which had the goal of providing a stable environment based on the middleware from freesmartphoneorg, a project that was financed by Openmoko However, this version was not finished either, and in April 2009 Openmoko cancelled the development of software

This task was taken over by a several efforts of the community Several groups have created modified versions of the original software or ported other systems to work on the phones Among others, the Openmoko phones now support Android, Debian, Gentoo, Qt Extended Improved, QtMoko, and SHR

Openmoko Inc based hardwareedit

the Neo 1973, the first smartphone using the Openmoko software

Openmoko hardware aspires to the term open-source hardware although in various areas the availability of cell phone components and legal requirements prevent full conformance to this termcitation needed

As do many other vendors, Openmoko Inc, notoriously failed to meet the publicly announced hardware release dates, and postponed releases many times

The first supported phone, the Neo 1973 GTA01 version: Bv4, was distributed exclusively through openmokocom from July 2007 to February 2008

The second revision of hardware based on the GTA01 design is the Dash Express, an automotive navigation system The Dash Express has a faster CPU Samsung 2440 and Wi-Fi ability

The third hardware platform, the Neo FreeRunner codenamed GTA02 is an improved version of the Neo 1973

Neo 1973edit

Main article: Neo 1973

The Neo 1973 codenamed GTA01 phone was a "developers only" release This phone supports the 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz GSM frequency bands Many Linux and unix programs used on desktop and server platforms, including utilities and games, have been successfully run on the phone In addition to Linux, the NetBSD, FreeBSD and L4 kernels have been adapted by users to run on the platform or are under development

This hardware platform can be emulated in software with a high level of compatibility using a version of QEMU included in the Openmoko software suite

Neo FreeRunneredit

Main article: Neo FreeRunner

The Neo FreeRunner codenamed GTA02 is the new revision of the Neo 1973 The changes include a faster processor clocked at 400 MHz, 80211b/g Wi-Fi, two accelerometers and 3D graphics acceleration It was released for the mass market on 25 June 20084

Dash Expressedit

Main article: Dash Express

On 2 January 2008 the Dash Express, a GPS device, with hardware developed by Openmoko Inc was announced running Openmoko Linux13 This device, initially codenamed the HXD8, seems to use little or none of the openmoko user-interface, simply using patches to the kernel developed by Openmoko Inc, and running an application from Dash Navigation on it to provide navigation and a user interface


There is a lack of reference material for what happened to the GTA03 codename of 3D7K Openmoko built 3 working prototypes which had capacitive touchscreens and a fully transparent curved casecitation needed


The latest product from Openmoko Inc was the WikiReader, a device to read Wikipedia articles offline14

Golden Delicious based hardwareedit

The German engineering firm "Golden Delicious Computers" began producing the GTA04 with an 800 MHz Cortex-A8 ARM 1 GHz processor, an 800 MHz C64x+ DSP digital signal processor core, and a 3D graphics accelerator

With those specifications and the 512MB RAM combined with 512MB NAND Flash and 32GB expandable microSDHC, it would have been similar in performance to the iPhone 4 and iPhone 4S1516

Golden Delicious GTA04 boardedit

The GTA04 running Replicant

Golden Delicious GTA04 board is designed to exchange the GTA02 board in the Neo FreeRunner housing - and the GTA01 board in the Neo 1973 housing

This was a release of the Openmoko Beagle Hybrid, a platform using the Beagle Board as a basis for developing and prototyping a next generation Openmoko phone17 The following month, Golden Delicious stated their long-term goal of bringing such a phone to market18 The new GTA04 board fit into the Neo Freerunner case and connected to the existing display and other components19 The first batch of GTA04A3 EA early adopter started shipping on 10 October 201120 Version GTA04A4 first batch started shipping on 31 January 201221 The design for the next revision, GTA04A5, contained some minor but relevant upgrades in design and parts, and replacement of end-of-life components The production was crowd funded22

It is also possible to order a ready made phone called OpenPhoenux or GTA04 Complete23


  • CPU: ARM Cortex A8 with 1000 MHz
  • Memory: 512 MB RAM / 1024 MB NAND
  • Interconnect: WiFi, WLAN, Bluetooth
  • WLAN: UMTS module with 375G up to 144 MBit/s
  • Sensors Barometer, Compass, Gyroscope, Accelerometer
  • GPS
  • USB OTG 20
  • connector for optional camera module
  • well documented building blocks so user allowed to write his own boot loaders and kernels

See alsoedit

  • Free software portal
  • Android operating system
  • Comparison of open source software hosting facilities
  • LiMo Foundation
  • Linux Phone Standards Forum
  • Maemo
  • MeeGo
  • Mobilinux
  • Modular smartphone
    • Project Ara - Open hardware modular smartphone project
  • Open Handset Alliance
  • Open Mobile Alliance
  • OpenBTS, OSS base station software
  • OsmocomBB, OSS client GSM firmware
  • SHR Stable Hybrid Release
  • Qt Extended


  1. ^ "openmoko-announce Free Your Phone" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  2. ^ "Neo1973" Openmoko Wiki Openmoko 2008-05-21 Retrieved 2008-06-25 
  3. ^ "Neo Base" Openmoko 2008 Archived from the original on 2008-06-22 Retrieved 2008-06-25 
  4. ^ a b "Open source phone goes mass-market" LinuxDevicescom 2008-06-25 Archived from the original on 2013-01-04 Retrieved 2008-07-04 
  5. ^ "No More OpenMoko Phone" 
  6. ^ "Openmoko Phone Not Dead After All" 
  7. ^ "GTA04" 
  8. ^ "Openmoko supported devices" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  9. ^ "Openmoko mailing list" 
  10. ^ "Cheap, hackable Linux smartphone due soon" Archived from the original on 2012-06-29 
  11. ^ "Open Moko Announces the World's First Integrated OpenSource Mobile Communications Platformat OpenSource in Mobile Conference in Amsterdam" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 2008-08-07 
  12. ^ GTA03 or 3d7k Listsopenmokoorg Retrieved on 2013-09-19
  13. ^ "Openmoko Extends Mobile Phone to Power Next-Generation Dash GPS" Reuters press release 2008-01-02 
  14. ^ "WikiReader Official Website" 
  15. ^ Openmoko smartphone reborn as hackable GTA04 - News - Linux for Devices Archiveis Retrieved on 2013-09-19
  16. ^ Openmoko, Inc | FreeRunner Distributors Openmokocom Retrieved on 2013-09-19
  17. ^ "GTA04 When is the next and more powerful openmoko releasing" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  18. ^ "GTA04 When is the next and more powerful openmoko releasing" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  19. ^ GTA04
  20. ^ "Gta04-owner ANN GTA04A3: Milestone reached!" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  21. ^ "Gta04-owner GTA04A4 starts shipping tomorrow" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  22. ^ Golden Delicious Computers GmbH&Co KG "GTA04A5" Retrieved 16 August 2015 
  23. ^ GTA04 Complete

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Development portal
  • Neo Freerunner 3D model, click and drag to rotate
  • LWNnet: A first look at the OpenMoko Neo1973, August 2007
  • "Ten years anniversary of Openmoko" by Harald Welte
  • #openmoko connect on freenode

open moko, open moko distribution, open moko free runner, open moko freeruner, open moko neo, open moko neo free runner, open moko phone,

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