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opava fotbal, opava city
Opava Czech pronunciation: ˈopava; Silesian: Uopawa, German: Troppau, Silesian German: Tropp, Polish: Opawa, Latin: Oppavia is a city in the East Czech Republic on the river Opava, located to the north-west of Ostrava Opava is one of the historical centres of Silesia It was a historical capital of Czech Silesia Opava is now in the Moravian-Silesian Region and has a population of 57,8431


  • 1 Geography
  • 2 History
  • 3 Economy and culture
  • 4 Interesting Places
  • 5 Notable residents
  • 6 International relations
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


Opava is located on the Opava Hilly Land Czech: Opavská pahorkatina; a part of the Silesian Lowlands on the Opava River left tributary of the Oder River and Moravice River right tributary of the Opava River


Opava was first documented in 1195 First mention of Magdeburg city rights came from 1224 It was capital of the Silesian, Bohemian and finally Austrian Duchy of Opava

In 1614 Karl I of Liechtenstein became Duke of Opava After the majority of Silesia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the War of the Austrian Succession after 1740, the remaining Silesian territory still under the control of the Habsburg Monarchy became known as Austrian Silesia, with its capital in Troppau 1742–1918 The Congress of Troppau took place there in the period 27 October- 17 December 18202

Austrian KK 10 kreuzer stamp issue 1863, cancelled Troppau

According to the Austrian census of 1910, the town had 30,762 inhabitants, 29,587 of whom had permanent residence there The census asked people for their native language, which showed that 27,240 92% were German-speaking, 2,039 69% were Czech-speaking and 274 09% were Polish-speaking Jews were not allowed to declare Yiddish, and most of them thus declared German as their native language The main religious group was Roman Catholics with 28,379 922%, followed by Protestants with 1,155 37% and Jews with 1,112 36%3

After the defeat of Austria-Hungary in World War I, Troppau became part of Czechoslovakia in 1919 as Opava

Opava in 1900

From 1938–45 Opava was part of Nazi Germany according to the Munich agreement Already a day before Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938, the town seceded from its okres and became its own Stadtkreis After the end of World War II, the entire German population of Opava was forcibly expelled in 1945–46 under terms included in the Beneš decrees; the city was resettled with Czechs Many of the expelled population settled in Bamberg, Germany

While the Duchy of Opava has ceased to exist, the title of Duke of Troppau lives on to present day, with Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein being the current incumbent

Economy and cultureedit

Opava is currently an important business and cultural center of Opavian Silesia4 It is the location of several economic and cultural institutions serving the entire region, including the Silesian Museum which is the oldest Museum in the Czech Republic,5 and the Silesian Institute of the Academy of Science Opava is home to the only public university in the country not situated in a regional capital, the Silesian University Opava The city is part of a congested industrial area along with Ostrava and produces mining equipment Opava also awards its own Cultural Prize

The Silesian Theatre in Opava was founded in 1805 Plays were performed in German until the end of the Second World War

Interesting Placesedit

The first is the white tower, known as Hláska, adorning the Neo-Renaissance Opava Town Hall on Horní náměstí square1

Notable residentsedit

  • Joy Adamson, naturalist
  • Franz Bardon, magician
  • Petr Bezruč, poet
  • Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli, Austrian field marshal
  • Max Eschig, music publisher in France
  • Helmut Niedermeyer, Austrian businessman
  • Martin of Opava, 13th century historian and cleric
  • Joseph Maria Olbrich, architect
  • Zuzana Ondrášková, tennis player
  • Johann Palisa, astronomer
  • Boris Rösner, actor
  • Bohdan Sláma, film director
  • Pavel Složil, tennis player
  • Josef Gebauer, historian

International relationsedit

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Czech Republic

Opava is twinned with:

  • Zabrze, Poland


  1. ^ "Opava" Moravskoslezský Kraj 2013-03-02 Retrieved 2016-12-01 
  2. ^ Chronologie des civilisations, Jean Delorme, Presses universitaires de France, 1956
  3. ^ Ludwig Patryn ed: Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31 Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912
  4. ^ Opavian Silesia
  5. ^ About Silesian Land's Museum in czech – "Slezské zemské muzeum je nejstarší muzeum v České republice Bylo založeno v Opavě 1 května 1814" → "Silesian Land's Museum is the oldest museum in the Czech Republic It was founded in Opava 1 May 1814"

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • News from Opava
  • staraopavacz Old postcards Czech language
  • Opava International Organ Competition

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