Olelkovich


The Olelkovich Polish: Olelkowicze family was a 15th–16th-century noble family from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Their main possession was the Duchy of Slutsk–Kapyl; therefore, they are sometimes known as Slutskys They hailed from the Lithuanian Gediminids male line and Russian Rurikids female line According to the 1528 military census, the family was the fourth wealthiest magnate family in the Grand Duchy1 However, its influence declined after the Union of Lublin 1569 The last member of the family was Sophia Olelkovich Radziwill 1585–1612, wife of Janusz Radziwiłł and saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church After her death, considerable wealth and the Duchy of Slutsk passed to the Radziwiłł family1

Contents

  • 1 Family history
  • 2 Family tree
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

Family historyedit

Olelko Volodymyrovych died in 14552 was the ancestor of the family He was a son of Vladimir, Duke of Kiev, and grandson of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania3 Alexander inherited his father's domains in the Duchy of Slutsk–Kapyl and in 1440 restored family's dynastic interest in the Principality of Kiev, which was confiscated from Vladimir in 1395 after a power struggle with Grand Duke Vytautas and given to Skirgaila4 Alexander married Anastasia, daughter of Sophia of Lithuania and Vasily I of Moscow, and had two sons Semen died in 1505 and Mikhailo Olelkovich died in 14811

Semen married Maria, a daughter of Jonas Goštautas In mid-1450s Goštautas planned to depose Grand Duke Casimir IV Jagiellon and to install his son-in-law Semen Olelkovich5 Semen inherited the Principality of Kiev, but after his death it was converted into the Kiev Voivodeship His descendants continued to claim the rights in the region, but the voivodeship was ruled by appointed officials voivodes from other noble families The loss of Kiev could be attributed to Olelkovich's faith Eastern Orthodoxy rather than Catholicism and their close kinship with the Grand Princes of Moscow, who threatened Lithuania's eastern borders6 However, the Duchy of Slutsk–Kapyl was not converted into a powiat and remained in the family's hands Disappointed by such politics, Mikhailo Olelkovich organized opposition to Casimir IV and even attempted a coup in 1481 The plot was discovered, possibly by voivode of Kiev Ivan Chodkiewicz, and Mikhailo was executed6 In 1471, Mikhailo was also involved in a brief affair when Novgorod Republic invited him to become its ruler in a bid to break away from Moscow's influence However, the attempt ended in a decisive defeat in the Battle of Shelon7

After Mikhailo's death, the Olelkovichs did not occupy any state offices They submitted their bids for the throne of the Grand Duke in 1492 and 1572, but gained little support1 Semen II moved his court from Kapyl to Slutsk thus establishing the so-called Slutsk line3 His descendants are often known as Slutsky During the Muscovite–Lithuanian Wars, Semen also won a September 1502 battle near Babruysk against the Crimean Khanate8 Yuri I also had possessions in Veisiejai, where he funded a Catholic church, and Liškiava1

Family treeedit

                                      Vladimir, son of Algirdas
                                                           
                                   
                  Olelko Volodymyrovych
died in 1455
              Ivan of Bely
died after 1445
    Andrei Vladimirovich
                                                 
                                 
      Simeon I Olelkovich
died in 1470
      Mikhailo Olelkovich
died in 1481
  Evdochia
wife of Stephen III of Moldavia
Theodosia Belsky family
                               
                 
Вasil Sophia
wife of Mikhail III of Tver
Aleksander Simeon II Olelkovich
died in 1505
                       
                  Yuri I Olelkovich
died in 1542
                                     
                   
              Yuri II
died in 1579
  Simeon III Sophia9
wife of Yurii Chodkiewicz
                               
                 
        Yuri III
died in 1586
Simeon IV
died in 1592
Alexander
died in 1591
               
        Sophia Olelkovich
1585–1612
 

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d e Lithuanian Jonas Zinkus; et al, eds 1985–1988 "Olelkaičiai" Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija 3 Vilnius: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija p 237 LCC 86232954 
  2. ^ Olelko Volodymyrovych at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  3. ^ a b Simas Sužiedėlis, ed 1970–1978 "Olelko family" Encyclopedia Lituanica IV Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius pp 113–114 LCC 74-114275 
  4. ^ Petrauskas, Rimvydas; Jūratė Kiaupienė 2009 Lietuvos istorija Nauji horizontai: dinastija, visoumenė, valstybė in Lithuanian IV Baltos lankos p 68 ISBN 978-9955-23-239-1 
  5. ^ Petrauskas, Rimvydas 2003 Lietuvos diduomenė XIV a pabaigoje – XV a in Lithuanian Aidai pp 115, 189 ISBN 9955-445-67-X 
  6. ^ a b Kirkienė, Genutė 2008 "Chodkevičių giminės ištakos" LDK politikos elito galingieji: Chodkevičiai XV–XVI amžiuje in Lithuanian Vilniaus universiteto leidykla p 90 ISBN 978-9955-33-359-3 
  7. ^ Naroll, Raoul; Vern L Bullough; Frada Naroll 1974 Military deterrence in history: a pilot cross-historical survey SUNY Press p 131 ISBN 0-87395-047-X 
  8. ^ Batūra, Romas September 2006 "Klecko mūšiui – 500 metų" PDF Kariūnas in Lithuanian 3 90: 21 
  9. ^ Kirkienė, Genutė 2008 "Chodkevičių giminės ištakos" LDK politikos elito galingieji: Chodkevičiai XV–XVI amžiuje in Lithuanian Vilniaus universiteto leidykla p 146 ISBN 978-9955-33-359-3 

External linksedit

  • Olelkovych at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine


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