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Old Man of Coniston

old man of coniston, old man of coniston walk
The Old Man of Coniston is a fell in the Furness Fells in the English Lake District It is 2,634 feet 803 m high, and lies to the west of the village of Coniston and the lake, Coniston Water The fell is sometimes known by the alternative name of Coniston Old Man, or simply The Old Man The mountain is popular with tourists and fell-walkers with a number of well-marked paths to the summit The mountain has also seen extensive slate mining activity for eight hundred years and the remains of abandoned mines and spoil tips are a significant feature of the north-east slopes There are also several flocks of sheep that are grazed on the mountain


  • 1 Highest fell controversy
  • 2 Topography
  • 3 Summit
  • 4 Ascents
  • 5 Mining
  • 6 Geology
  • 7 Influence
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Highest fell controversy

The Old Man is the highest point in the historic county of Lancashire administratively in Cumbria This assertion rests upon its being higher than its near northern neighbour, Swirl How There appears to be some uncertainty in the current literature over whether the height of Swirl How is 802 or 804 m after resurveying If modern measurement has not added 2 m to its rival, The Old Man of Coniston is the highest point in the Furness Fells, and the twelfth most prominent mountain in England


Old Man Coniston from Coniston Water lake side

The Coniston or Furness Fells form the watershed between Coniston Water in the east and the Duddon valley to the west The range begins in the north at Wrynose Pass and runs south for around 10 miles 16 km before petering out at Broughton in Furness on the Duddon Estuary Alfred Wainwright in his influential Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells took only the northern half of the range as Lakeland proper, consigning the lower hills southward to a supplementary work The Outlying Fells of Lakeland Later guidebook writers have chosen to include the whole range in their main volumes

The central part of the Coniston range can be likened to an inverted 'Y' with Brim Fell at the connecting point of the three arms The main spine of the ridge runs north over Swirl How and Great Carrs and south west to Dow Crag and the lower hills beyond The third arm is a truncated spur, running only half a mile to the summit of the Old Man before tumbling away south eastward to the valley floor This ridge end position gives the fell a sense of isolation and increased stature, with steep faces on three sides

To the west is the deep trench containing Goat’s Water This elongated tarn has a depth of about 50 ft 15 m and contains trout and char Enclosed by high ground, it has an outlet to the south through a field of boulders This is one of the headwaters of Torver Beck, which passes a disused quarry near the Tranearth climbing hut, keeping the workings topped up via an artificial but extremely picturesque waterfall The stream finally issues into Coniston Water to the south of Torver village

The southern and eastern flanks of The Old Man are composed of rough ground, deeply pockmarked by slate quarries One of these quarries, Bursting Stone, is still operating to produce an olive green slate Across the southern slopes runs the Walna Scar Road This was the original trade route between Coniston village and the settlements of the Duddon Valley and is a public restricted byway

Start of walk up the hill

The first section rising steeply from Coniston is a metalled road, maintained partly to provide access to the quarry This leads to a carpark at an altitude of 740 ft 230 m, a popular starting point for climbs Beyond here motor vehicles are prohibited, but the track continues to its summit at 2,000 ft 610 m, crossing the ridge to the south of Dow Crag

Coniston Old Man has no connecting ridges other than that to Brim Fell, but a discernible rib falls due east via Stubthwaite Crag and Crowberry Haws Below the tourist route path, this rib climbs again to The Bell, a fine rocky top 1,099 ft with excellent views of the lake and village

Nestling beneath the northern face of The Old Man, and cradled between it and Raven’s Tor, is Low Water This fine corrie tarn has been dammed in the past to provide water for the quarries, but all of its water now issues via a fine cascade of falls into the Coppermines Valley This area, shared with the neighbouring fells of Brim Fell and Wetherlam, is heavily scarred by historic copper, nickel and cobalt mining, particularly in the latter half of the 19th century


The summit of the fell carries a unique construction, a combined slate platform and cairn The popularity of this climb has resulted in the resident sheep being quite tame, and they show no fear in rifling unwatched bags for food The extensive view from the summit on a clear day includes much of the southern Lake District, Morecambe Bay, Blackpool Tower, Winter Hill in the Pennines, the Lancashire coast and the Isle of Man Perhaps the highlight is the close-up view of Dow Crag

Cloud-shrouded summit of the Old Man of Coniston


The fell is normally climbed from Coniston village via Church Beck and the mines Alternatives include the south ridge and the path to Goat’s Water, both ascending from the Walna Scar Road The carpark at the top of the metalled section provides a headstart for these routes The Walna Scar Road can also be reached from Torver, or from Seathwaite in the Duddon Valley, although the latter results in an indirect climb via Dow Crag


Coniston copper mines are reputed to be some of the largest copper mines in Britain, with a vertical distance of around 2,000 ft 610 m On the Coniston Old Man itself, slate replaced copper, and over several hundred years, the Old Man Slate Quarries & Mines became some of the largest in England

The Old Man slate quarries were believed to have started in the 12-13th centuries, although there is little evidence on site of this By the 1500s the quarries, working a kind of volcanic slate silver-grey in colour, were well established The earliest major working shortly after this period was probably at Low Water Quarry, where slate was prized in an opencast manner from cuttings near the summit, Scald Kop Quarry, where a large underground cavern was formed from slate extraction on the surface, and the Saddlestone Quarry, again consisting of two 'caves' where slate had been quarried to form underground workings


The Old Man is within the outcrop of the Ordovician Borrowdale Volcanic Group A band of the dacitic lapilli-tuffs of the Lag Bank Formation crosses the summit The southern slopes show the volcaniclastic sandstones of the Seathwaite Fell Formation, while the rhyolitic tuffs of the Paddy End Member stretch from north of the summit toward the Coppermines


The Old Man of Coniston is the inspiration for Kanchenjunga, the mountain Arthur Ransome's Swallows and Amazons climb in the Swallows and Amazons novel Swallowdale The slate quarries and copper mines inspired Pigeon Post, a later novel in the same series


  1. ^ a b Coniston Local History Group website
  2. ^ http://wwwpeakbaggingcom/Peak%20Lists/Eng50html
  3. ^ a b c d Richards, Mark: Southern Fells: Collins 2003: ISBN 0-00-711367-6
  4. ^ Birkett, Bill: Complete Lakeland Fells: Collins Willow 1994: ISBN 0-00-218406-0
  5. ^ a b Blair, Don: Exploring Lakeland Tarns: Lakeland Manor Press 2003: ISBN 0-9543904-1-5
  6. ^ "Rights of Way Order by The Planning Inspectorate 2012" PDF Retrieved 2013-10-22 
  7. ^ "Off-roaders banned from Walna Scar Road" Retrieved 2013-10-22 
  8. ^ Adams, John: Mines of the Lake District Fells: Dalesman 1995 ISBN 0-85206-931-6
  9. ^ Alfred Wainwright: A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, Book 4: ISBN 0-7112-2457-9
  10. ^ British Geological Survey: 1:50,000 series maps, England & Wales Sheet 38: BGS 1998

External links

  • Old Man of Coniston sunny photos and routes guide
  • Computer generated summit panoramas North South Index
  • Coniston Old Man photos, information and walks
  • Lake District Walks - Old Man Of Coniston Walk

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