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Okayama Prefecture

okayama prefecture map, okayama prefecture earthquake 2016
Okayama Prefecture 岡山県, Okayama-ken is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu1 The capital is the city of Okayama234

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns and villages
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Education
    • 31 Universities in Okayama Prefecture
    • 32 High schools in Okayama Prefecture
  • 4 Transportation
    • 41 Rail
    • 42 Tramways
    • 43 Roads
      • 431 Expressways
      • 432 National highways
    • 44 Airport
  • 5 Culture
    • 51 Association with Momotarō legend
  • 6 Sports
    • 61 Soccer
    • 62 Volleyball
  • 7 Tourism
  • 8 Notable people from Okayama Prefecture
  • 9 Notes
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Okayama Prefecture

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period 1868–1912, and the borders of the prefecture were set in 187635

Geographyedit

Map of Okayama Prefecture

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture3 It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated6

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks7

Citiesedit

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Okayama City Tsuyama Takahashi Niimi

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Okayama Prefecture

Educationedit

Universities in Okayama Prefectureedit

  • Okayama
    • Okayama University
    • Okayama University of Science
    • Okayama Shoka University
    • Sanyo Gakuen University
    • Shujitsu University
  • Kurashiki
    • Okayama Gakuin University
    • Kurashiki Sakuyo University
    • Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare
  • Soja
    • Okayama Prefectural University
  • Tsuyama
    • Mimasaka University
  • Niimi
    • Niimi Public University

High schools in Okayama Prefectureedit

  • Okayama
    • Okayama Ichinomiya Senior High School
    • Okayama Asahi Senior High School
    • Okayama Sozan Senior High School
    • Hosen Senior High School
    • Okayama Joto Senior High School

Transportationedit

Railedit

  • JR West
    • Sanyo Shinkansen
    • Sanyo Line
    • Hakubi Line
    • Kibi Line
    • Ako Line
    • Uno Line
    • Kishin Line
    • Geibi Line
    • Inbi Line
  • JR West and JR Shikoku
    • Honshi-bisan Line
  • Chizu Express
  • Ibara Railway
  • Mizushima Rinkai Railway

Tramwaysedit

  • Okayama Electric Tramway

Roadsedit

Expresswaysedit

  • Sanyo Expressway
  • Chugoku Expressway
  • Seto Central Expressway
  • Yonago Expressway
  • Okayama Expressway
  • Tottori Expressway

National highwaysedit

  • Route 2 Osaka-Kobe-Himeji-Bizen-Okayama-Kurashiki-Asakuchi-Onomichi-Hiroshima-Shunan-Shimonoseki-Kitakyushu
  • Route 30 Okayama-Uno-Takamatsu
  • Route 53 Okayama-Tsuyama-Tottori
  • Route 179
  • Route 180 Okayama-Takahashi-Niimi
  • Route 181 Tsuyama-Maniwa-Yonago-Yasugi-Matsue
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 250 Okayama-Setouchi-Ako-Aioi-Takasago-Akashi
  • Route 313 Fukuyama-Takahashi-Maniwa-Kurayoshi
  • Route 373
  • Route 374
  • Route 429
  • Route 430
  • Route 482 Kyotango-Toyooka-Wakasa-Kagamino-Maniwa-Kofu of Tottori
  • Route 484

Airportedit

  • Okayama Airport

Cultureedit

  • Bizen-yaki Bizen pottery
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotarō legendedit

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo castle of the devil and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikotoMomotarō to defeat Ura The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival48

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama

Socceredit

  • Fagiano Okayama FC Okayama city
  • Mitsubishi Motors Mizushima FC Kurashiki

Volleyballedit

  • Okayama Seagulls Okayama city

Tourismedit

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

  • Koraku-en Japanese garden in Okayama
  • Okayama Castle, Okayama
  • Ki Castle, Sōja
  • Shizutani School, Bizen
  • Bikan Historical Area 倉敷美観地区, Kurashiki Bikan Chiku, Kurashiki
  • Bitchu Matsuyama Castle, Takahashi
  • Kakuzan Park, Tsuyama
  • Bisei Astronomical Observatory 美星天文台, Bisei Tenmondai, Ibara Town following dissolution of Bisei Town
  • Maki-do Cave, in Niimi

Notable people from Okayama Prefectureedit

Shin Koyamada, Hollywood actor from The Last Samurai
  • Shin Koyamada, Hollywood actor9
  • Yuko Arimori, marathon runner10
  • Tesshō Genda, voice actor
  • Ryutaro Hashimoto, Kiichiro Hiranuma, Inukai Tsuyoshi, former Prime Ministers of Japan
  • Sen'ichi Hoshino, baseball manager
  • Koshi Inaba, singer
  • Ichiyo Izawa, pianist and former member of Tokyo Jihen
  • Yoshio Nishina, known as the Father of Physics in Japan
  • Yumeji Takehisa, famous and influential early 20th century artist
  • Sesshu Toyo, suiboku master
  • Joichiro Tatsuyoshi, boxer
  • Haruka Fukushima, manga artist
  • Masashi Kishimoto, manga artist and creator of Naruto11
  • Seishi Kishimoto, manga artist
  • Daisuke Takahashi, Olympic figure skater
  • Dorlis, jazz musician
  • Miyamoto Musashi, samurai
  • Megumi Fujii, MMA Fighter
  • Masaki Kajishima, creator of Tenchi Muyo!
  • Morihiro Hashimoto, darts player

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 745, p 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p 127, p 127, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p 745, p 745, at Google Books
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture" Encyclopedia of Japan Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 OCLC 56431036 Archived from the original on August 25, 2007 Retrieved 2012-08-01 
  4. ^ a b "岡山(県)" Okayama Prefecture Nihon Daihyakka Zensho Nipponika in Japanese Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 OCLC 153301537 Archived from the original on August 25, 2007 Retrieved 2012-08-15 
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  6. ^ Okayama official website accessed Nov 2007
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment 1 April 2014 Retrieved 19 February 2015 
  8. ^ "Okayama History" Retrieved 24 June 2012 
  9. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography" 
  10. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile" 
  11. ^ "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TVcom" 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan Encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Official tourism site
  • Official account's channel on YouTube
  • I Love Okayama - Okayama Brand

Coordinates: 34°42′N 133°51′E / 34700°N 133850°E / 34700; 133850

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