Novi Pazar


Novi Pazar Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Пазар, , lit "New Bazaar" pronounced nôʋiː pǎzaːr is a city located in the Raška District of western Serbia As of the 2011 census, the urban area has 66,527 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 100,410 inhabitants3

Novi Pazar is the cultural center of the Bosniaks in Serbia and the historical region of Sandžak4 A multicultural area of Muslims and Orthodox Christians, many monuments of both religions, like the Altun-Alem Mosque and the Church of St Apostles Peter and Paul, are found in the region

Contents

  • 1 Name
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 History
  • 4 Demographics
    • 41 Ethnic composition
    • 42 Settlements
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Society and culture
    • 71 Monuments
    • 72 Education
    • 73 Sport
  • 8 Notable residents
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Nameedit

During the 14th century under the old Serbian fortress of Stari Ras, an important market-place named Trgovište started to develop By the middle of the 15th century, in the time of the final Ottoman Empire conquest of Old Serbia, another market-place was developing some 11 km to the east The older place became known as Staro Trgovište Old Trgovište, Turkish: Eski Pazar and the younger as Novo Trgovište New Trgovište, Turkish: Yeni Pazar The latter developed into the modern city of Novi Pazar

The name of Novi Pazar meaning "new marketplace" was thus derived from the Serbian name Novo Trgovište, via the Turkish name Yeni Pazar, which is itself derived from bazaar from Persian بازار bāzār meaning "market" ; via Middle Persian word بهاچار bahā-chār, meaning "place of prices"5 It is still known as Yeni Pazar in modern-day Turkey

Geographyedit

Novi Pazar is located in the valleys of the Jošanica, Raška, Deževska, and Ljudska rivers It lies at an elevation of 496m, in the southeast Sandžak region The city is surrounded by the Golija and Rogozna mountains, and the Pešter plateau lies to the west The total area of the city administrative area is 742 km² It contains 100 settlements, mostly small and spread over hills and mountains surrounding the city The largest village is Mur, with over 3000 residents

Historyedit

Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul from the 9th century

One of the oldest monuments of the area is the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul first built in the Roman era The capital city of the Principality of Serbia, Ras, which was ruled by the Vlastimirović dynasty from 768 to 980, was near the modern city and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site In the next centuries, the region of modern Novi Pazar served as the principal province of the Serbian realm It was an administrative division, usually under the direct rule of the monarch and sometimes as an appanage It was the crownland, seat or appanage of various Serbian states throughout the Middle Ages, including the Serbian Kingdom 1217-1345 and the Serbian Empire 1345-1371 In 1427, the region and the remnant of Ras, as part of the Serbian Despotate, was ruled by Serbian despot Đurađ Branković One of the markets was called "despotov trg" Despot's square6 In 1439, the region was captured by the Ottoman Empire, but was reconquered by the Serbian Despotate in 1444 In the summer of 1455, the Ottomans conquered the region again, and named the settlement of Trgovište Eski Bazar Old Market

Novi Pazar was formally founded as a city in its own right in 1461 by Ottoman general Isa-Beg Ishaković, the Bosnian governor of the district sanjak who also founded Sarajevo7 Ishaković decided to establish a new town on the area of Trgovište as an urban center between Raška and Jošanica, where at first he built a mosque, a public bath, a marketplace, a hostel, and a compound

It was the chief town of the Ras province vilayet until its disestablishment in 1463, when it became part of the Jeleč Vilayet The first written document which mentions Novi Pazar dates from the 15th century, and describes the decision of the Republic of Ragusa to appoint a consul there The town was well developed by this time, being at the intersection of important routes leading to Dubrovnik, Niš, Sofia, Constantinople, Salonica, Sarajevo, Belgrade and Budapest The town also remained the capital of the Sanjak of Novi Pazar, which continued until the 20th century as a constitutive unit of Bosnia Eyalet The sanjak was occupied and administered by Austria-Hungary from 1878 In 1908 it was returned to the Ottoman Empire as part of the Kosovo Vilayet, but taken over by the Kingdom of Serbia in 1912, during the First Balkan War

The area has traditionally had a large number of Albanians and Muslim Slavs with a different culture from the Orthodox Serbs8 A contemporary report stated that when the Serb forces entered the Sandjak of Novi Pazar, they "pacified" the Albanians9 In 1913, Novi Pazar officially became part of the Kingdom of Serbia, and as such, became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1918 From 1929 to 1941, Novi Pazar was part of the Zeta Banovina of the Yugoslavia

In the Battle for Novi Pazar, fought at the end of 1941 during the Second World War, the Chetniks, initially supported by the Partisans, tried to capture Novi Pazar but eventually failed

After the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević on 5 October 2000, newly elected Prime Minister of Serbia Zoran Đinđić made considerable efforts to help economically the whole area of Novi Pazar Also, with the help of Đinđić, the International University of Novi Pazar was founded in 2002 He made close relations with the leaders of Bosniaks, as part of his wider plan to reform Serbia10 Twelve years following his assassination, the Novi Pazar Assembly decided to rename one street in his name11

Today, Novi Pazar is one of the largest cities in Western Serbia, and the main economic and cultural center of Bosniaks of Serbia and the historical region of Sandžak

Demographicsedit

Year Pop ±%
1948 44,020 —    
1953 50,189 +140%
1961 58,776 +171%
1971 64,326 +94%
1981 74,000 +150%
1991 85,249 +152%
2002 85,996 +09%
2011 100,410 +168%
Source: 12
Prvomajska Street in Novi Pazar

From the 15th century to the Balkan Wars, Novi Pazar was the capital of the sanjak of Novi Pazar Typically, like other centres of the wider area, its composition was multiethnic, with Albanians, Serbs and Slavic-speaking Muslims as the main communities13 The Ottoman travel writer Evliya Celebi noted that it was one of the most populated towns in the Balkans in the 17th century Serbs also lived in the city until WWII14 when the entire Serb population of Novi Pazar - 521 individuals, were imprisoned, sent to the concentration camp Staro Sajmište and killed during the rule of Balli Kombëtar15

According to the last official census done in 2011, the city of Novi Pazar has 100,410 inhabitants, while the city itself has 68,749 inhabitants Most of Novi Pazar's population are Bosniaks 7713% while 6847% of the city population is urban Population density is 13532 inhabitants per square kilometer16

As of the 2011 census the religious people make up of the city of Novi Pazar was 824% Muslims, and 16% Orthodox Christians

Ethnic compositionedit

Ethnic composition of the city administrative area:1718

Ethnic group Population
195319
Population
196120
Population
197121
Population
198122
Population
199123
Population
200224
Population
20113
Bosniaks - - - - - 65,593 77,443
Serbs 25,177 27,933 25,076 21,834 19,064 17,599 16,234
Muslims - 23,250 37,140 49,769 64,251 1,599 4,102
Roma - 37 210 444 334 69 566
Gorani - - - - - 15 246
Albanians 144 126 307 233 209 129 202
Montenegrins 174 543 359 295 232 109 44
Yugoslavs 13,564 1,261 183 931 700 136 67
Turks 11,009 - - - - - -
Others 263 5,627 1,057 494 459 747 1,506
Total 50,331 58,777 64,326 74,000 85,249 85,996 100,410

Ethnic composition of the urban area of the city:

Ethnic group Population
194825
Population
195319
Population
198122
Population
199123
Population
200224
Population
20113
Bosniaks/Muslims 1,085 - 32,798 43,774 47,243 58,252
Serbs 10,678 3,466 6,689 6,698 6,724 6,576
Gorani - - - - - 240
Albanians - 134 208 172 120 162
Yugoslavs - 5,944 848 570 105 64
Turks - 4,280 - - - -
Montenegrins - 145 246 190 93 39
Others 229 135 310 345 1,541 3,410
Total 11,992 14,104 41,099 51,749 54,604 68,749

Settlementsedit

Aside from Novi Pazar, the city administrative area includes the following settlements, with population from the 2002 census:

  • Aluloviće 362
  • Bajevica 563
  • Banja 466
  • Bare 36
  • Batnjik 58
  • Bekova 116
  • Bele Vode 872
  • Boturovina 218
  • Brđani 195
  • Brestovo 5
  • Čašić Dolac 76
  • Cokoviće 20
  • Deževa 238
  • Dojinoviće 120
  • Dolac 87
  • Doljani 89
  • Dragočevo 112
  • Dramiće 80
  • Golice 64
  • Gornja Tušimlja 33
  • Goševo 50
  • Gračane 28
  • Građanoviće 19
  • Grubetiće 259
  • Hotkovo 193
  • Ivanča 813
  • Izbice 1,949
  • Jablanica 27
  • Janča 332
  • Javor 18
  • Jova 21
  • Kašalj 35
  • Koprivnica 12
  • Kosuriće 125
  • Kovačevo 243
  • Kožlje 618
  • Kruševo 486
  • Kuzmičevo 133
  • Leča 319
  • Lopužnje 70
  • Lukare 489
  • Lukarsko Goševo 850
  • Lukocrevo 186
  • Miščiće 231
  • Muhovo 545
  • Mur 3,407
  • Negotinac 26
  • Novi Pazar 54,604
  • Odojeviće 50
  • Oholje 179
  • Okose 36
  • Osaonica 284
  • Osoje 966
  • Paralovo 982
  • Pasji Potok 42
  • Pavlje 178
  • Pilareta 26
  • Pobrđe 2,176
  • Polokce 117
  • Pope 83
  • Postenje 3,471
  • Požega 523
  • Požežina 251
  • Prćenova 159
  • Pusta Tušimlja 53
  • Pustovlah 28
  • Radaljica 152
  • Rajčinoviće 537
  • Rajčinovićka Trnava 208
  • Rajetiće 63
  • Rajkoviće 29
  • Rakovac 21
  • Rast 51
  • Šaronje 398
  • Šavci 247
  • Sebečevo 897
  • Sitniče 778
  • Skukovo 23
  • Slatina 297
  • Smilov Laz 8
  • Srednja Tušimlja 40
  • Štitare 77
  • Stradovo 19
  • Sudsko Selo 87
  • Tenkovo 89
  • Trnava 694
  • Tunovo 128
  • Varevo 501
  • Vever 18
  • Vidovo 90
  • Vitkoviće 30
  • Vojkoviće 36
  • Vojniće 115
  • Vranovina 329
  • Vučiniće 245
  • Vučja Lokva 15
  • Zabrđe 49
  • Zlatare 12
  • Žunjeviće 211

Politicsedit

Novi Pazar is governed by a city assembly composed of 47 councillors, a mayor and vice-mayor After the last legislative election held in 2012, the local assembly is composed of the following groups:26

  • European Novi Pazar - Rasim LjajićSDP, SDPS 18
  • Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak 11
  • Bošnjačka demokratska zajednica Sandžaka - Muamer Zukorlić 10
  • Aleksandar Vučić - Srbija pobeđuje 5
  • Mirsad Đerlek - SNP 3

Economyedit

Lying on crossroads between numerous old and new states, Novi Pazar has always been a strong trade center Along with the trade, the city developed manufacturing tradition During the 20th century, it became a center of textile industry

Paradoxically, during the turbulent 1990s and, Novi Pazar prospered, even during the UN sanctions, boosted by the strong private initiative in textile industry Jeans of Novi Pazar, first of forged trademarks, and later on its own labels, became famous throughout the region However, during the relative economic prosperity in Serbia of the 2000s, the Novi Pazar economy collapsed, with demise of large textile combines in mismanaged privatization, and incoming competition from the import

Society and cultureedit

Monumentsedit

The old Serb Orthodox monastery of Sopoćani, the foundation of St King Uroš I, built in the second half of the 13th century and located west of Novi Pazar, is a World Heritage Site since 1979 accompanying with Stari Ras Old Ras, a medieval capital of the Serbian great župan Stefan Nemanja

The city also houses an old church from the 9th-century Church of St Peter27 On a hilltop overlooking Novi Pazar is the 12th century monastery of Đurđevi stupovi, long left in ruin, but recently restored and with a monastic community using it, with plate glass to keep out the weather and preserve the fine frescos The main mosque of the city, the Altun-Alem Mosque, is the largest in this region of the Balkans and dates from 16th century There are various other historic Ottoman buildings, such as the 17th-century Amir-agin Han, a 15th-century Hammam, and the 15th-century Turkish fortress all gone but the walls, the site of which is now a walled park in the city centre

Educationedit

Faculty for Islamic studies in Novi Pazar

Novi Pazar is home to two universities, the International University of Novi Pazar and the State University of Novi Pazar

Sportedit

The city's football club FK Novi Pazar was founded in 1928, under the name "FK Sandžak", which later changed to "FK Deževa" The club has played under its current name since 1962, when Deževa and another local football club, FK Ras, unified under this name The club was a SFRJ amateur champion, and a member of the Yugoslav Second League FK Novi Pazar qualified for a promotional play-off twice, but lost both times to FK Sutjeska Nikšić in 1994, and to FK Sloboda Užice in 1995 FK Novi Pazar finally promoted to Serbian SuperLiga in 2011-12 season FK Novi Pazar is the oldest second-league team in Serbia Football is still extremely popular sport in Novi Pazar and city stadium is always full

Volleyball clubs in the city are OK Novi Pazar first league and OK Koteks

Handball club is in second league and used to have name "Ras" but it was changed in RK Novi Pazar in 2004

Famous athletes from the city include Turkish basketball national team player Mirsad Jahović Türkcan, former football player of Besiktas Sead Halilagić, handball-player Mirsad Terzić who represents Bosnia and Herzegovina and young football players Adem Ljajić, Ediz Bahtiyaroğlu, and alpinist Basar Čarovac who climbed all seven continents' highest peaks

Notable residentsedit

  • Basar Čarovac, alpinist
  • Abdulah Gegić, former Partizan Belgrade football coach
  • Almir Gegić, football player
  • Aćif Hadžiahmetović, politician, mayor of Novi Pazar during Second World War
  • Emina Jahović, pop singer
  • Tahir Efendi Jakova, Albanian poet
  • Adem Ljajić, FC Torino football player
  • Rasim Ljajić, Republic of Serbia Minister of Foreign and Domestic Trade and Telecommunications
  • Mladen Majdak fr, volleyball player, currently playing for Tourcoing Lille Métropole Volley-Ball
  • Miljan Mutavdžić, footballer, former Serbian national team player
  • Mirsad Đerlek, politician, mayor of Novi Pazar during 2008
  • Laza Ristovski 1956-2007, Yugoslav keyboardist, member of Smak and Bijelo Dugme
  • Milunka Savić 1888–1973, the most-decorated female combatant in the entire history of warfare
  • Elma Sinanović, pop singer
  • Haris Skarep, pop singer
  • Mirsad Jahović Türkcan, Turkish basketball player
  • Bajro Župić, former Partizan Belgrade football player

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006" Statistical Office of Serbia Retrieved 2010-11-28 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" PDF Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade 2014 ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4 Retrieved 2014-06-27 
  3. ^ a b c "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011 у Републици Србији" PDF statgovrs Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  4. ^ Ahrens, Geert-Hinrich 2007-03-06 Diplomacy on the Edge: Containment of Ethnic Conflict and the Minorities Working Group of the Conferences on Yugoslavia Woodrow Wilson Center Press pp 223– ISBN 9780801885570 Retrieved 2 January 2013 
  5. ^ "bazaar" Retrieved 2007-02-17 
  6. ^ Više autora, Novi Pazar i okolina, Beograd 1969page needed
  7. ^ Norris, H T 1993 Islam in the Balkans: Religion and Society Between Europe and the Arab World Hurst pp 49– ISBN 9781850651673 Retrieved 2 January 2013 Novi Pazar, on the border of Kosovo, was founded by Isa Beg, a governor of Bosnia 
  8. ^ Holger H, Richard F Hamilton The Origins of World War I Cambridge University Press p 103 ISBN 9781107393868 
  9. ^ C HALL, RICHARD 2002 The Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War Warfare and History Routledge, 2002 ISBN 9781134583621 
  10. ^ N, M 3 November 2016 "Zukorlić: Sa stokom reforme nemoguće" novostirs in Serbian Retrieved 17 February 2017 
  11. ^ "Zoran Đinđić dobija ulicu u Novom Pazaru" blicrs in Serbian Tanjug 12 March 2015 Retrieved 17 February 2017 
  12. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" PDF statgovrs Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia Retrieved 11 January 2017 
  13. ^ Hall, Richard C 2002-01-04 The Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War Taylor & Francis p 5 ISBN 9780203138052 Retrieved 2 January 2013 The Sandjak of Novi Pazar was a finger of the Ottoman province of Kosovo, which separated Montenegro from Serbia The Sandjak of Novi Pazar had a mixed population of Albanians, Serbs, and Slavic-speaking Muslims 
  14. ^ Cohen, Philip J; Riesman, David 1996 Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History Texas A&M University Press pp 191– ISBN 9780890967607 Retrieved 2 January 2013 Before World War II, about 10,500 Jews lived in Belgrade, about 350 in Nis, about 250 in Novi Pazar Sandzak 
  15. ^ Mušović, Ejup 1979, Etnički procesi i ethnička struktura stanovništva Novog Pazara, Etnografski Institut, 1979, p48
  16. ^ "STANOVNIŠTVO" novipazarrs in Serbian Retrieved 13 July 2014 
  17. ^ "Comparative Overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011" PDF statgovrs Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2012 Retrieved 13 July 2014 
  18. ^ Stanković, Republika Srbija, Republički Zavod za Statistiku 2004 Comparative survey of population 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2002 : data by localities in Serbian Belgrade: Republički zavod za statistiku ISBN 86-84433-14-9 
  19. ^ a b "UKUPNO STANOVNIŠTVO PO NARODNOSTI 1953" PDF statgovrs Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  20. ^ "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije 1961" PDF statgovrs in Serbian Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  21. ^ "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije 1971" PDF statgovrs in Serbian Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  22. ^ a b "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije 1981" PDF statgovrs Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  23. ^ a b "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NACIONALNOJ PRIPADNOSTI 1991" PDF statgovrs Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  24. ^ a b "Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova u 2002" PDF statgovrs in Serbian Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 15 July 2014 
  25. ^ "UKUPNO STANOVNIŠTVO PO NARODNOSTI 1948" PDF statgovrs Republički zavod za statistiku Retrieved 25 December 2016 
  26. ^ "Skupština grada" Novipazarrs Retrieved 2014-08-08 
  27. ^ "Oldest Orthodox church in Balkans Serbian Orthodox Church defaced | Serbian Orthodox Church Official web site" Spcrs Retrieved 2014-08-08 

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Tourist Organization of Novi Pazar
  • Novi Pazar: The oriental gem
  • Open Forum - Novi Pazar


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