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Norwich railway station

norwich railway station postcode, norwich railway station telephone number
Norwich railway station formerly Norwich Thorpe is the eastern terminus of the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the city of Norwich, Norfolk It is 114 miles 77 chains 1850 km down the main line from the western terminus, London Liverpool Street

It is also the terminus of several secondary lines: the Breckland Line to Cambridge, the Bittern Line to Cromer and Sheringham, and the Wherry Lines to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft East Midlands Trains also operates a service to Liverpool Lime Street

The station is currently managed by Abellio Greater Anglia, which also operates the majority of the trains that serve the station

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Early history
    • 12 Great Eastern Railway 1862-1922
    • 13 London and North Eastern Railway 1923-1947
    • 14 British Railways 1948-1994
    • 15 The privatisation era 1994-present
  • 2 Layout
  • 3 Services
  • 4 Accidents and incidents
  • 5 Engine sheds
  • 6 Miscellanea
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

At one time there were three railway stations in Norwich: Norwich Thorpe, which is the current station still known locally as "Thorpe station"; Norwich Victoria, which was once the terminus for certain passenger services from London until 1916 as well as being a goods station until its demolition in the 1970s; and Norwich City, which was the terminus of the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway line from Melton Constable, which closed in 1959

Early historyedit

The original station was opened by the Yarmouth & Norwich Railway Y&NR which was the earliest railway in Norfolk Its Act of Parliament of 18 June 1842 authorised the issue of £200,000 worth of shares to build a line between the two towns, via Reedham and the Yare valley The chairman was George Stephenson and the chief engineer was his son, Robert Stephenson1 Construction started in April 1843 and the 205 miles were completed in a year, with an inspection and inaugural run on 12 April 1844, a ceremonial opening on 30 April 1844, followed the next day by the beginning of regular passenger services2

17 days after the Y&NR started running train services 18 May 1844 Parliament gave the Royal Assent to the Norwich & Brandon Railway N&BR This was part of a plan to link the Norwich and Yarmouth with London by linking up with the Eastern Counties Railway line being built from Newport, in Essex, to Brandon, Norfolk Work started quickly during 1844 and went on into 1845 On 30 June 1845 a Bill authorising the amalgamation of the Y&NR with the N&BR came into effect and Norwich station became a Norfolk Railway asset3

The N&BR line arrived at the station on 15 December 1845 and this offered a route to Shoreditch in London via Cambridge and Bishop's Stortford The Eastern Union Railway EUR was building a line towards Norwich and this led to great rivalry between the EUR and the Eastern Counties Railway ECR The ECR trumped the EUR by taking over the Norfolk Railway, including Norwich Station on 8 May 1848 The following year the Eastern Union Railway started services to Norwich Victoria The opening of Norwich Victoria on 12 December 1849 led to the ECR naming its station Norwich Thorpe On 27 Aug 1851 Eastern Union Railways services from Ipswich started serving the better placed station of Thorpe

By the 1860s the railways in East Anglia were in financial trouble, and most were leased to the Eastern Counties Railway, which wished to amalgamate formally but could not obtain government agreement for this until an Act of Parliament on 7 August 1862, when the Great Eastern Railway GER was formed by the amalgamation Actually, Norwich Thorpe and Norwich Victoria became GER stations on 1 July 1862 when the GER took over the ECR and the EUR before the Bill received the Royal Assent45

Great Eastern Railway 1862-1922edit

A decade after the GER was formed the latter promoted a new line from Norwich to Cromer The line was opened on 20 October 1874 and a new station was built and constructed at the junction where the Cromer line left the Yarmouth & Norwich line The new station, Whitlingham, now stood between Norwich Thorpe and Brundall on the Yarmouth line

With traffic growing it was apparent a new station was required; this was built to the north of the original station and opened on 3 May 1886 and is the structure surviving today The old terminus then became part of expanded goods facilities

The new station was built by Messrs Youngs and Son, of Norwich, from designs by Messrs J Wilson and W N Ashbee, the company‘s engineer and architect respectively,6 at the cost of £60,000 It had a circulating area with a high ceiling and the roof was supported by ironwork supplied by contractor Barnard Bishop and Barnard The roof extended partly down the platforms which were then covered by canopies for part of their length There were initially five platforms and engine release roads between platforms 2 and 3 and 4 and 5 These allowed the locomotive to be detached from the train without the need for a shunting locomotive known as a station pilot having to shunt the carriages out of the station The attractive station building was built around a central clock tower the clock was supplied by Dixons and Co of London Street Norwich with two storey matching wings either side A portico was built onto the clock-tower section7

The GER and Norwich Thorpe changed little for the next 30 years until 1916 On 22 May 1916, as a wartime economy measure the GER closed Trowse Station This meant that the 1st station South of Thorpe on the Ipswich line was Swainsthorpe, while he next station west of Thorpe on the Ely line was Hethersett The War ended on 11 November 1918 and the following year, on 1 April 1919, the GER reopened Trowse Station The 1918-1922 Government passed the Railways act 1921 which created the "Big Four" railway companies

London and North Eastern Railway 1923-1947edit

On 1 January 1923 the GER amalgamated with several other railways to form the London and North Eastern Railway LNER as a result of the Railways Act 1921, which saw many of the 120 railway companies grouped into four main companies in an effort to stem their losses8 Norwich Thorpe became an LNER asset

During World War II the station was bombed in June 1940 and April 19429

Following the 1947 Transport Act the Big Four railway companies, including the LNER, were amalgamated into the nationalised British Railways BR

British Railways 1948-1994edit

On 1 January 1948 the nationalisation of Britain's railways saw the operation of Norwich Thorpe station pass to British Railways Eastern Region

Platform 6 was added in 1954 and in 1955 a modern booking hall was built10

During the late 1950s steam locomotives were phased out across the East Anglian network and replaced by diesel-powered trains

After Norwich City station was closed in the Beeching cuts, British Rail decided to rename the station back to Norwich The change took effect on on 5 May 1969

When the station closed briefly for electrification works in 1986, Trowse, a disused suburban station, was put back into service as the temporary terminus of the line It closed again when Norwich re-opened The signalling was also modernised at this time and the track layout simplified

The privatisation era 1994-presentedit

Following the Railways Act 1993 ownership of the station passed to a new private company, Railtrack plc, on 1 April 1994 Railtrack was restructured into Network Rail in 2004 The train services to Norwich were privatised later with most services passing to Anglia Railways in January 1997 Services towards the West Midlands were taken over by Central Trains in March 1997 Anglia trains handed over their franchise to National Express East Anglia in 2004 Three years later, on 11 November 2007, the Central Trains franchise was broken up and West Midlands services to Norwich were taken over by the current operator, East Midland Trains The National Express East Anglia franchise passed to Abellio Greater Anglia on 5 February 2012

Ticket barriers were installed at Norwich station in January 2009citation needed

Layoutedit

  • Platform 1: Abellio Greater Anglia Intercity services to London Liverpool Street and occasionally for services to Cambridge and East Midlands Trains services to Liverpool Lime Street via Nottingham
  • Platform 2: Abellio Greater Anglia Intercity services to London Liverpool Street
  • Platform 3: Abellio Greater Anglia Intercity services to London Liverpool Street and services to Cambridge and East Midlands Trains services to Liverpool Lime Street via Nottingham
  • Platform 4: Abellio Greater Anglia rural services to Great Yarmouth, Lowestoft and Sheringham It is also occasionally used at peak times for Intercity services to London Liverpool Street
  • Platform 5: Abellio Greater Anglia rural services to Great Yarmouth, Lowestoft and Sheringham
  • Platform 6: Abellio Greater Anglia rural services to Great Yarmouth, Lowestoft and Sheringham

Servicesedit

The following services currently call at Norwich during the off-peak:

Operator Line Route Rolling stock Typical frequency
East Midlands Trains Norwich - Thetford - Ely - Peterborough - Grantham - Nottingham - Alfreton - Chesterfield - Sheffield - Stockport - Manchester Piccadilly - Manchester Oxford Road - Warrington Central - Widnes - Liverpool South Parkway - Liverpool Lime Street Class 158 1x per hour
Abellio Greater Anglia GEML Norwich - Diss - Ipswich - Manningtree - Colchester - London Liverpool Street Class 90 + Mark 3 Coaching Stock 1x per hour
Abellio Greater Anglia GEML Norwich - Diss - Ipswich - Stowmarket - Manningtree - Colchester - Chelmsford - Stratford London - London Liverpool Street Class 90 + Mark 3 Coaching Stock 1x per hour
Abellio Greater Anglia Breckland Norwich - Wymondham - Attleborough - Thetford - Brandon - Ely - Cambridge Class 170 1x per hour
Abellio Greater Anglia Bittern Norwich - Salhouse - Hoveton & Wroxham - Worstead - North Walsham - Gunton - Roughton Road - Cromer - West Runton - Sheringham Class 153, Class 156, Class 170 1x per hour
Abellio Greater Anglia Wherry Norwich - Brundall Gardens - Brundall - Lingwood - Acle - Great Yarmouth Class 153, Class 156, Class 170, Class 37/Class 68 + Mark 2 Coaching Stock 1x per hour
Abellio Greater Anglia Wherry Norwich - Brundall Gardens - Brundall - Cantley - Reedham - Berney Arms - Great Yarmouth Class 153, Class 156, Class 170, Class 37/Class 68 + Mark 2 Coaching Stock 2x per day
Abellio Greater Anglia Wherry Norwich - Brundall - Cantley - Reedham - Haddiscoe - Somerleyton - Oulton Broad North - Lowestoft Class 153, Class 156, Class 170, Class 37/Class 68 + Mark 2 Coaching Stock 1x per hour

Accidents and incidentsedit

  • On 10 September 1874, the Thorpe rail accident, East Anglia's worst train crash, occurred at Thorpe St Andrew between Norwich Thorpe and Brundall, killing 25 people and injuring 75
  • On 21 January 1881, two passenger trains collided at Norwich Thorpe junction just beyond Carrow Road Bridge Both trains had their locomotive and leading carriage derailed There were, however, no casualties11
  • On 21 July 2013, in the early hours, a passenger train ran into another which was stabled in Norwich's platform 6, injuring eight people An investigation blamed driver fatigue12

Engine shedsedit

Norwich engine shed was located to the south and west of the station This depot closed in 1982 and was replaced by a new facility at Crown Point which in 2015 is responsible for the maintenance of the main line electric fleet and local diesel multiple units

Miscellaneaedit

Before carriages were lit by electric lighting they were lit by gas Norwich had an oil gas works and carriages north of a line from Harwich to Cambridge were supplied with oil gas13 The gas was distributed to other stations in a dedicated fleet of ten tank wagons Use of the facility declined in the 1930s although up until the 1950s catering vehicles were still supplied14

Children's author Arthur Ransome set the opening paragraph of Coot Club 1934 at Norwich Thorpe station10 It also appears in the 1971 film The Go-Between15

See alsoedit

  • Railways in Norfolk
  • Norwich Crown Point Depot

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Allen, Cecil J 1975 The Great Eastern Railway 6th ed Shepperton: Ian Allan 
  2. ^ Hawkins, Chris 1990 Great Eastern in Town and Country Pinner UK: Irwell Press p 1 ISBN 1 871608 16 3 
  3. ^ CJ Allenfull citation needed
  4. ^ Vaughan, Adrian 1997 Railwaymen, Politics and Money London: John Murray pp 134, 135 ISBN 0 7195 5150 1 
  5. ^ CJ Allen - Great Eastern - page 46
  6. ^ Kay, Peter 2006 Essex Railway Heritage Wivenhoe UK: Peter Kay p 29 ISBN 978 1 899890 40 8 
  7. ^ Hawkins, Chris 1990 Great Eastern in Town and Country Pinner UK: Irwell Press pp 11–14 ISBN 1 871608 16 3 
  8. ^ Railways Act 1921, HMSO, 19 August 1921 
  9. ^ Hawkins, Chris 1990 Great Eastern in Town and Country Pinner UK: Irwell Press p 18 ISBN 1 871608 16 3 
  10. ^ a b "Norwich Railway Station" Norwich Heart Norwich Heritage and Economic Regeneration trsut Retrieved 31 May 2015 
  11. ^ Voisey, Fred July 1983 "Accidents on the GER part3:Collision at Norwich 1881" Great Eastern Journal 35: 21 
  12. ^ "Greater Anglia and East Midlands trains in Norwich station crash" BBC News Online Retrieved 21 July 2013 
  13. ^ Pember, Geoff April 1983 "Lineside features 7:Large locomotive depots" Great Eastern Journal 35: 9 
  14. ^ Kenworthy, Graham October 1998 "Norwich Gas Works" Great Eastern Journal 96: 52 
  15. ^ Ward, Ken "East Anglia in book and film" Norwich the old city Retrieved 29 June 2015 

Further readingedit

  • "£2m Norwich station rebuild almost complete" RAIL No 346 EMAP Apex Publications 16–29 December 1998 p 11 ISSN 0953-4563 OCLC 49953699 

External linksedit


  • Train times and station information for Norwich railway station from National Rail
Preceding station National Rail Following station
Diss Abellio Greater Anglia Great Eastern Main Line Terminus
Wymondham Abellio Greater Anglia Breckland Line Terminus
Salhouse Abellio Greater Anglia Bittern Line Terminus
Brundall Gardens Abellio Greater Anglia Wherry Lines Terminus
Thetford East Midlands Trains Norwich-Liverpool Terminus
Diss Dutchflyer Norwich-Amsterdam Terminus
Historical railways
Diss Anglia Railways London Crosslink Terminus
Trowse Great Eastern Railway Norfolk Railway Terminus
Whitlingham Great Eastern Railway Yarmouth and Norwich Railway Terminus

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