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Northwood, New Hampshire

northwood new hampshire building department, northwood new hampshire elementary school
Northwood is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,241 at the 2010 census1


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Ecosystem
    • 31 Flora
    • 32 Fauna
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 Camps
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading
  • 9 External links


East Northwood c 1910

First settled in 1763, Northwood was incorporated on February 6, 1773 by Colonial Governor John Wentworth, when a large tract of land called "North Woods" was separated from Nottingham Around 1800, the Portsmouth to Concord Turnpike was built, and the town began to prosper Numerous taverns accommodated sledge and stage passengers At one time,when there were some twelve sawmills in the town, five of which were replaced by shoe factories during the latter half of the 19th centurycitation needed By 1920, however, the last shoe factory had closed More recently,when the town has been a popular vacation spot, being home to nine lakes and many antique shopscitation needed

Four Northwood districts along Route 4 are considered historic sections of towncitation needed They are, from east to west, East Northwood, Northwood Ridge, Northwood Center and Northwood Narrows The town is home to Coe-Brown Northwood Academy, founded in 1867


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 300 square miles 78 km2, of which 280 sq mi 73 km2 is land and 21 sq mi 54 km2 is water, comprising 689% of the town Northwood is well known for its lakes, with both seasonal and year-round residences The larger lakes and ponds include Bow Lake, which is part of the Piscataqua River drainage basin, and Northwood Lake, Pleasant Lake, Jenness Pond, Harvey Lake, and Long Pond, all of which drain to the Suncook River, a tributary of the Merrimack River The highest point in Northwood is Saddleback Mountain, at 1,150 feet 350 m above sea level


Northwood has a diverse ecosystem with many various flora and fauna The climate of Northwood is a temperate, humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold, snowy winters Some of the flora and fauna that can be seen in Northwood are as follows


  • Sugar maple
  • White birch
  • Pink lady's slipper
  • Eastern white pine
  • Northern red oak
  • Eastern hemlock
  • Quaking aspen
  • Big-tooth aspen
  • Red maple
  • Hobblebush


  • Fisher
  • American black bear
  • Raccoon
  • Red fox
  • White-tailed deer
  • Common loon
  • Bald eagle
  • Coyote
  • Barred owl
  • Great horned owl
  • Moose
  • Osprey
  • Eastern wild turkey
  • Great blue heron
  • Eastern gray squirrel
  • Eastern chipmunk
  • North American porcupine
  • Striped skunk
  • Opossum
  • Groundhog
  • Largemouth bass
  • Smallmouth bass
  • Pickerel
  • Yellow perch
  • North American beaver
  • Common snapping turtle
  • Painted turtle
  • Common garter snake
  • Eastern American toad
  • Red-spotted newt


Historical population
1790 744
1800 950 277%
1810 1,095 153%
1820 1,260 151%
1830 1,342 65%
1840 1,182 −119%
1850 1,308 107%
1860 1,502 148%
1870 1,430 −48%
1880 1,345 −59%
1890 1,478 99%
1900 1,304 −118%
1910 1,059 −188%
1920 891 −159%
1930 872 −21%
1940 873 01%
1950 966 107%
1960 1,034 70%
1970 1,526 476%
1980 2,175 425%
1990 3,124 436%
2000 3,640 165%
2010 4,241 165%
Est 2015 4,272 07%
US Decennial Census3
Old Post Office in 2005

As of the census4 of 2000, there were 3,640 people, 1,347 households, and 1,000 families residing in the town The population density was 1301 people per square mile 502/km² There were 1,905 housing units at an average density of 681 per square mile 263/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9753% White, 030% African American, 030% Native American, 066% Asian, 014% Pacific Islander, 019% from other races, and 088% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 055% of the population

There were 1,347 households out of which 367% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 620% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, and 257% were non-families 180% of all households were made up of individuals and 51% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 270 and the average family size was 307

Maple Tree Farm in 1912

In the town, the population was spread out with 271% under the age of 18, 66% from 18 to 24, 321% from 25 to 44, 252% from 45 to 64, and 90% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 1003 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 993 males

The median income for a household in the town was $50,675, and the median income for a family was $53,953 Males had a median income of $36,161 versus $27,721 for females The per capita income for the town was $21,491 About 15% of families and 42% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30% of those under age 18 and 30% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • Bruce Hodgdon, former state representative
  • Ella Knowles, suffragist, lawyer and politician; born in Northwood 1860


Northwood is home to Camp Yavneh, a Jewish summer camp founded in 1944 on Lucas Pond, and Wah-Tut-Ca Scout Reservation, a Boy Scout Camp run by the Spirit of Adventure Council


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

Further readingedit

  • Bailey, JW 1992 A Guide to the History and Old Dwelling Places of Northwood, New Hampshire, Second Edition, Peter E Randall Publisher, Portsmouth, NH, 305 pp

External linksedit

  • Town of Northwood official website
  • Northwood Historical Society
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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