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Northumberland, New Hampshire

dollar tree northumberland new hampshire, town of northumberland new hampshire
Northumberland is a town located in southwestern Coos County, New Hampshire, US, north of Lancaster It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT micropolitan statistical area As of the 2010 census, the town population was 2,288,1 of whom 1,118 lived in the village of Groveton


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Site of interest
  • 5 Notable person
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


North of the mountain ridge known as Cape Horn, near the Connecticut River, are the remains of Fort Wentworth, built by the New Hampshire Militia in 1755 during the French and Indian War The town was granted as "Stonington" in 1761 to John Hogg and others by Governor Benning Wentworth, and first settled in 1767 by Thomas Burnside and Daniel Spaulding It was regranted by Governor John Wentworth in 1771 as "Northumberland", the name derived from Northumberland in England The town was incorporated November 16, 17792

Groveton is the northern terminus of a railroad track owned by the New Hampshire & Vermont Railroad, where it intersects the St Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad This was formerly the junction of the Grand Trunk Railway and the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad—a major point of access for the northern White Mountains3

The area was once known for its large corn and potato crop, starch mills, and manufacturing leather, shoe pegs More recently, the town economy centered on the lumber industry That changed in 2007, however, when the Wausau Paper Mill closed, eliminating 300 jobs4


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 365 square miles 95 km2, of which 357 square miles 92 km2 is land and 08 square miles 21 km2 is water, comprising 213% of the town5 The Connecticut River, which forms the New Hampshire–Vermont border, runs along the western edge of town The Upper Ammonoosuc River runs through town in a southwesterly direction to the Connecticut and is crossed by a covered bridge at Groveton

There are several mountains in town, including Morse Mountain 1,880 ft or 570 m above sea level, Cape Horn 2,040 ft or 620 m, Moore Mountain 1,522 ft or 464 m, and Spaulding Hill 1,220 ft or 370 m The town's highest point is 2,860 feet 870 m above sea level on a spur of the Pilot Range on the town's eastern boundary

Cape Horn State Forest is located in the central portion of the town boundaries

The nucleus of Northumberland outside of Groveton is arranged along US 3, which runs along the Connecticut River Route 110 intersects US 3 in Northumberland and runs east toward adjacent Stark


Historical population
1790 117
1800 205 752%
1810 281 371%
1820 205 −270%
1830 342 668%
1840 399 167%
1850 429 75%
1860 736 716%
1870 955 298%
1880 1,062 112%
1890 1,356 277%
1900 1,977 458%
1910 2,184 105%
1920 2,567 175%
1930 2,360 −81%
1940 2,740 161%
1950 2,779 14%
1960 2,586 −69%
1970 2,493 −36%
1980 2,520 11%
1990 2,492 −11%
2000 2,438 −22%
2010 2,288 −62%
Est 2015 2,167 −53%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 2,438 people, 989 households, and 666 families residing in the town The population density was 674 people per square mile 260/km² There were 1,112 housing units at an average density of 307 per square mile 119/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9844% White, 025% Native American, 033% Asian, and 098% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 053% of the population

There were 989 households out of which 323% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 513% were married couples living together, 101% had a female householder with no husband present, and 326% were non-families 267% of all households were made up of individuals and 135% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 291

In the town, the population was spread out with 262% under the age of 18, 68% from 18 to 24, 276% from 25 to 44, 235% from 45 to 64, and 158% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 985 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 951 males

The median income for a household in the town was $31,570, and the median income for a family was $34,444 Males had a median income of $33,281 versus $19,464 for females The per capita income for the town was $15,101 About 94% of families and 114% of the population were below the poverty line, including 134% of those under age 18 and 101% of those age 65 or over

Site of interestedit

  • Groveton Covered Bridge

Notable personedit

  • William E Holyoke, US Navy sailor; recipient of the Medal of Honor


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 605–606 
  3. ^ History of Northumberland, Coos County, New Hampshire Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Groveton paper mill to close, 300 jobs lost" Associated Press 2007-10-23 Retrieved 2008-05-09 dead link
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Northumberland town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Northumberland official website
  • Northumberland Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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