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Newport, New Hampshire

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Newport is a town in and the county seat of Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States2 It is 43 miles 69 km west-northwest of Concord The population was 6,507 at the 2010 census3 A covered bridge is in the northwest The area is noted for maple sugar and apple orchards

The central settlement in town, where 4,769 people resided at the 2010 census,3 is defined as the Newport census-designated place CDP and is located next to the Sugar River at the junction of New Hampshire routes 10 and 11 The town also includes the villages of Kelleyville and Guild

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Earliest settlers 1766
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Granted in 1753 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, the town was named Grenville after George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and brother-in-law of William Pitt But ongoing hostilities during the French and Indian War, as close as the Fort at Number 4 at Charlestown, delayed settlement Nevertheless, in 1761 the town would be incorporated as Newport, for Henry Newport, a distinguished English soldier and statesman

It was first settled in 1763 by pioneers from North Killingworth, Connecticut Absalom Kelsey was one of the earliest settlers The first blow in clearing the forests was struck by Absalom Kelsey on the DF Pike farm at the foot of Claremont Hill, Newport, New Hampshire4 At that time, the Connecticut River was the only route for travel, until a road was cut through the wilderness to Charlestown in 1767 The following year, the first gristmill was established But dissatisfied with treatment by the state government far beyond the mountains, Newport in 1781 joined 33 other towns along the Connecticut River and seceded from New Hampshire to join Vermont George Washington, however, would dissolve their union with Vermont in 1782, and the towns rejoined New Hampshire5

With excellent soil for farming, and abundant water power from the Sugar River and its South Branch to run mills, Newport grew prosperous The first cotton mill was established by Colonel James D Wolcott in 1813 Local cabinet making flourished, producing much fine furniture And then in 1817, perhaps inspired by the Erie Canal, businessmen proposed digging a canal to connect the Connecticut and Merrimack rivers—beginning with the Sugar River, and using its source, Lake Sunapee, as a reservoir The plan was abandoned before it got started In 1871, the Sugar River Railroad connected to Newport from Bradford

But the river was recognized as central to industrial development, and in 1820, mill owners from Claremont, Sunapee and Newport united to create the Sunapee Dam Corporation, which built a dam to regulate the Sugar River's flow, running mill machinery even during drought This plan worked, and over 120 water wheels would turn along the stream's course By 1859, when the population was 2,020, Newport had three woolen mills and two tanneries5 It also had the Sibley Scythe Company, established in 1842, which manufactured the scythes that cleared jungle during construction of the Panama Canal It closed in 1929

The venerable mill town has significant architectural landmarks, including the 1823 South Congregational Church designed by Elias Carter, the Newport Opera House built in 1886, and the Richards Free Library, built as the home of Colonel Seth Mason Richards in 1898

Photos from the early 20th century:

Earliest settlers 1766edit

During the summer and fall of 1765, six young men came to Newport from Killingworth, Connecticut, cleared six acres of land each, and, after getting in a crop of rye, returned home and spent the winter The following year, in June 1766, these men having an addition of two to their number, making eight in all, five having families, came and made the first permanent settlement No record or tradition is found showing the precise day of their arrival All accounts agree that they arrived in town Saturday night; that they were detained by a bad place in the road on Pike Hill, where they camped for the night; and the following day, after accomplishing the remainder of their journey, they spent in religious worship under the shadow of a pine tree which stood just south of the A Pease residence6

The following were among the earliest settlers, the first five having families

  • Zepheniah Clark
  • Ebenezer Merrit
  • Benjamin Bragg
  • Samuel Hurd
  • Jesse Wilcox
  • James Church
  • William Stanard
  • Ezra Parmelee
  • Jesse Lane,
  • Jesse Kelsey
  • Benjamin Giles
  • Nathan Hurd
  • Charles Avery
  • Ephraim Towner
  • Absalom Kelsey
  • Amos Hall
  • Roswell Hull
  • Daniel Dudley

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 437 square miles 113 km2, of which 436 sq mi 113 km2 is land and 01 sq mi 026 km2 is water, comprising 018% of the town The central village of Newport, a census-designated place CDP, has an area of 109 sq mi 28 km2, all land Other settlements within the town include North Newport, Kelleyville in the western part of the town, Guild in the eastern part of the town, and Wendell, on the town's eastern border with Sunapee

Newport is drained by the Sugar River and its South Branch, with the town center at their confluence The North Branch joins the Sugar River north of Newport village and east of North Newport The highest point in town is along its southern border, where an unnamed ridge has an elevation of approximately 1,920 feet 590 m above sea level

The town is served by state routes 10, 11 and 103 Newport is home to Parlin Field Airport

Photos from the early 21st century:

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 780
1800 1,266 623%
1810 1,427 127%
1820 1,679 177%
1830 1,913 139%
1840 1,958 24%
1850 2,020 32%
1860 2,077 28%
1870 2,163 41%
1880 2,612 208%
1890 2,623 04%
1900 3,126 192%
1910 3,765 204%
1920 4,109 91%
1930 4,659 134%
1940 5,304 138%
1950 5,131 −33%
1960 5,458 64%
1970 5,899 81%
1980 6,229 56%
1990 6,110 −19%
2000 6,269 26%
2010 6,507 38%
Est 2015 6,365 −22%
US Decennial Census8

In 1900, 3,126 people lived in Newport; in 1910, 3,765; and in 1940, 5,304 As of the census of 2000, there were 6,269 people, 2,473 households, and 1,656 families residing in the town The population density was 1439 people per square mile 556/km² There were 2,633 housing units at an average density of 233 persons/km² 604 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9801% White, 014% African American, 021% Native American, 035% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 011% from other races, and 118% from two or more races 056% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 2,473 households out of which 319% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 511% were married couples living together, 104% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 330% were non-families 257% of all households were made up of individuals and 122% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 249 and the average family size was 295

In the town, the population was spread out with 265% under the age of 18, 71% from 18 to 24, 292% from 25 to 44, 218% from 45 to 64, and 153% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 970 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 883 males

The median income for a household in the town was $37,442, and the median income for a family was $45,508 Males had a median income of $31,807 versus $22,788 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,964 144% of the population and 108% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 193% are under the age of 18 and 100% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,008 people, 1,581 households, and 1,019 families residing in the central village, a census-designated place The population density was 3665 people per square mile 1416/km² There were 1,676 housing units at an average density of 592 persons/km² 1533 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9813% White, 022% African American, 022% Native American, 017% Asian, 007% from other races, and 117% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 045% of the population

There were 1,581 households out of which 318% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 481% were married couples living together, 108% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 355% were non-families 278% of all households were made up of individuals and 135% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 300

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 270% under the age of 18, 77% from 18 to 24, 298% from 25 to 44, 201% from 45 to 64, and 153% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 937 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 847 males

The median income for a household is $35,788, and the median income for a family was $44,453 Males had a median income of $31,676 versus $22,146 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,389 About 107% of families and 161% of the population were below the poverty line, including 206% of those under the age of 18 and 129% ages 65 or older

Notable peopleedit

  • Henry Albert Baker, 19th-century orthodontist
  • George Belknap, US Navy rear admiral
  • Edmund Burke, US congressman
  • Horatio Hale, businessman and ethnologist
  • Sarah Josepha Hale, editor and writer
  • David Sargent, president of Suffolk University
  • Edwin Obed Stanard, US congressman
  • Mason Weare Tappan, US congressman and state attorney general
  • Billy B Van, vaudeville entertainer

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Welcome to the Official Town of Newport, NH Website!" Town of Newport Retrieved September 12, 2016 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  4. ^ Kelsey Genealogy Vol II Clinton, CT: Kelsey Kindred of America 1929 p 58 
  5. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J; Mansfield, John B 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 602–603 
  6. ^ Wheeler, Edmund 1879 The History of Newport, New Hampshire, from 1766 to 1878, with a Genealogical Register Concord, NH: Republican Press Association ISBN 978-1230249087 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 

Further readingedit

  • Newport business directory and advertiser, Newport, NH: The Business Men, 1870 

External linksedit

  • Town of Newport official website
  • Richards Free Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Historical Chronology of Newport NH
  • Newport Historical Society & Museum
  • Newport Opera House
  • Sugar River Recreational Trail

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