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Newmarket, New Hampshire

newmarket new hampshire 03857 map, newmarket new hampshire library
Newmarket is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 8,936 at the 2010 census3 Some residents are students and employees at the nearby University of New Hampshire in Durham

The primary settlement in town, where 5,297 people resided at the 2010 census,3 is defined as the Newmarket census-designated place, or CDP, and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 108 and 152, adjacent to the Lamprey River

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Antique postcards
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Demographics
    • 41 Town center
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 Sites of interest
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Incorporated in 1727, Newmarket is one of six towns granted by Massachusetts in the last year of the reign of King George I It started as a parish of Exeter, and was granted full town privileges by the legislature in 1737 It was probably named for Newmarket in Suffolk, England The Lamprey River, running through the town, was named for John Lamprey, an early settler4 For a while, the town was called Lampreyville Newmarket was a center of the New England shipping trade with the West Indies,4 including importation of sugar and African slavescitation needed

The Newmarket Manufacturing Company was incorporated in 1822, and constructed its first cotton textile mill during 1823 and 18245 The company dominated the mill town's waterfront and economy with seven textile mills harnessing water power at the falls6 The company had cotton shipped up from the Deep South, so its production was adversely affected by the American Civil Warcitation needed It built numerous support structures, including multi-family housing for workers The company built dams upriver to create Pawtuckaway Pond in Nottingham and Mendums Pond in Barrington—during drought, the company could release a regulated flow of water from the dams into the Lamprey to run the works The company closed in 19296

Adapted for modern commercial and residential uses, the mill buildings are located within the Newmarket Industrial and Commercial Historic District, which in 1980 was added to the National Register of Historic Places In the 1970s, the mill served as the headquarters of the Timberland Company, during the years when it grew from a small work-boot manufacturer to a leading "urban" fashion brand Timberland's headquarters are now located in nearby Stratham7

Once a part of Newmarket, Newfields incorporated as a separate town in 1849

Antique postcardsedit

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 142 square miles 37 km2, of which 126 sq mi 33 km2 is land and 16 sq mi 41 km2 is water, comprising 1143% of the town Situated beside Great Bay, Newmarket is drained by the Lamprey River The town's highest point is the summit of Bald Hill, at 281 feet 86 m above sea level, near the town's southwest corner Great Hill, with an elevation of 228 feet 69 m, rises just south of the town center

The primary settlement, or census-designated place CDP, within Newmarket has a total area of 20 sq mi 52 km2, of which 19 sq mi 49 km2 is land and 01 sq mi 026 km2 443% is water

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 108 and is the eastern terminus of New Hampshire Route 152

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,137
1800 1,027 −97%
1810 1,061 33%
1820 1,083 21%
1830 2,013 859%
1840 2,746 364%
1850 1,937 −295%
1860 2,034 50%
1870 1,987 −23%
1880 2,368 192%
1890 2,742 158%
1900 2,892 55%
1910 3,348 158%
1920 3,181 −50%
1930 2,511 −211%
1940 2,640 51%
1950 2,709 26%
1960 3,153 164%
1970 3,361 66%
1980 4,290 276%
1990 7,157 668%
2000 8,027 122%
2010 8,936 113%
Est 2015 8,908 −03%
US Decennial Census9
Newmarket Town Hall

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,027 people, 3,379 households, and 1,949 families residing in the town The population density was 6395 people per square mile 2470/km² There were 3,457 housing units at an average density of 1064 persons/km² 2754 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9416% White, 064% African American, 020% Native American, 300% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 042% from other races, and 158% from two or more races 173% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

The town of Newmarket has a small, but growing and significant, Laotian and Laotian American population, refugees and their families Buddhist practitioners among the Laotians attend the Wat Lao Mixarayam Temple in Lowell, Massachusetts

There were 3,379 households out of which 291% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 456% were married couples living together, 83% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 423% were non-families 275% of all households were made up of individuals and 64% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 237 and the average family size was 294

In the town, the population was spread out with 221% under the age of 18, 133% from 18 to 24, 372% from 25 to 44, 189% from 45 to 64, and 84% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 33 years For every 100 females there were 984 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 951 males

The median income for a household in the town was $46,058, and the median income for a family was $53,750 Males had a median income of $38,089 versus $26,375 for females The per capita income for the town was $22,085 83% of the population and 57% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 111% are under the age of 18 and 55% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,124 people, 2,297 households, and 1,134 families residing in the central settlement, or census-designated place CDP The population density was 2,6451 people per square mile 1,0198/km² There were 2,359 housing units at an average density of 4695 persons/km² 1,2178 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9389% White, 084% African American, 025% Native American, 275% Asian, 049% from other races, and 178% from two or more races 199% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

Main Street c 1912

There were 2,297 households out of which 246% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 360% were married couples living together, 97% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 506% were non-families 328% of all households were made up of individuals and 71% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 222 and the average family size was 286

In the settlement the population was spread out with 195% under the age of 18, 173% from 18 to 24, 376% from 25 to 44, 173% from 45 to 64, and 83% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 31 years For every 100 females there were 972 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 943 males

The median income for a household is $40,561, and the median income for a family was $47,553 Males had a median income of $33,977 versus $24,506 for females The per capita income for the town was $19,841 102% of the population and 68% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 144% are under the age of 18 and 55% are 65 or older

Notable peopleedit

  • Emma Lenora Borden, murder trial witness in the trial of her younger sister Lizzie Andrew Borden
  • John Brodhead, US congressman
  • Wentworth Cheswell, first African-American elected to public office, justice of the peace
  • Lynn Jennings, Olympic bronze medalist runner10
  • George W Kittredge, US congressman
  • Bill Morrissey, folk singer-songwriter11
  • Say Zuzu, band from Newmarket
  • William B Small, US congressman
  • Henry Tufts, thief and autobiographer

Sites of interestedit

  • Newmarket Historical Society
  • The Stone Church, regionally famous music venue

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Town Council" newmarketnhgov Retrieved May 22, 2017 
  2. ^ "Town Administrator" newmarketnhgov Retrieved May 22, 2017 
  3. ^ a b "New Hampshire: 2010" PDF censusgov United States Census Bureau November 2012 Retrieved May 22, 2017 
  4. ^ a b "Newmarket, NH - Community Profile" nhesnhgov April 2017 
  5. ^ Hislop, Christopher W 2014 Images of America: Newmarket Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing ISBN 9781467120869 – via Google Books 
  6. ^ a b "Lamprey Rivers Mill History" PDF Lamprey River Advisory Committee Retrieved May 22, 2017 
  7. ^ "Corporate Fact Sheet" PDF timberlandcom October 24, 2016 Retrieved May 22, 2017 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" censusgov Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  10. ^ Shaughnessy, Dan August 14, 1992 "She comes running home to open arms" Boston Globe Boston Retrieved October 24, 2016 
  11. ^ Bliss, Gil July 26, 2011 "Bill Morrissey, 59; folk artist traversed a range of emotions" Boston Globe Boston Retrieved October 24, 2016 

Further readingedit

  • Candee, Richard M 1979 Newmarket Revisited, Looking at the Era of Industrial Growth 1820–1920 PDF Newmarket Service Club – via Newmarket Historical Society 
  • Coolidge, A J; Mansfield, J B 1859 A History and Description of New England, General and Local 1 Boston: Austin J Coolidge pp 601–602 – via Google Books 
  • George, Nellie Palmer 1932 Old Newmarket, New Hampshire: Historical Sketches Exeter, New Hampshire: The News-Letter Press – via HathiTrust 
  • Getchell, Sylvia Fitts 1976 Lamprey River Village: The Early Years Newmarket Press OCLC 2388715 
  • Getchell, Sylvia Fitts 1984 The Tide Turns on the Lamprey: A History of Newmarket, NH self published OCLC 57266609 
  • Main Streets and Backroads: Newmarket, NH WCVB-TV May 15, 2017 Retrieved May 22, 2017 'New' has been part of its name for three centuries Fitting, because today there are new restaurants, new businesses, and new life in Newmarket, New Hampshire 

External linksedit

  • Town of Newmarket official website
  • Newmarket Channel 13, community access station via Town Hall Streams
  • Newmarket School District
  • Newmarket Public Library
  • Newmarket profile at New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau
  • Newmarket's Calvary Cemetery at Find a Grave
  • Newmarket's Riverside Cemetery at Find a Grave

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