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Newark, Ohio

newark ohio school closings, newark ohio city tax form
Newark is a city in and the county seat of Licking County, Ohio, United States,6 33 miles 53 km east of Columbus, at the junction of the forks of the Licking River The estimated population was 49,134 at the 2016 census, which makes it the 20th largest city in Ohio

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
  • 4 Business
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Climate
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References in culture
  • 9 Points of interest
  • 10 References
  • 11 Bibliography
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

Newark Earthworks mound, Hopewell culture, 100 AD-500 AD

Indigenous peoples lived along the river valleys for thousands of years before European contact From more than two thousand years ago, 100 AD to 500 AD, people of the Hopewell culture transformed the area of Newark They built many earthen mounds and enclosures, creating the single largest earthwork complex in the Ohio River Valley The Newark Earthworks, designated a National Historic Landmark, have been preserved to document and interpret the area's significant ancient history The earthworks cover several square miles The Observatory Mound, Observatory Circle, and the interconnected Octagon earthworks span nearly 3,000 feet 910 m in length The Octagon alone is large enough to contain four Roman Coliseums The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt would fit precisely inside Observatory Circle The even larger 1,180-foot 360 m-diameter Newark Great Circle is the largest circular earthwork in the Americas The 8 feet 24 m-high walls surround a 5 feet 15 m-deep moat At the entrance, the walls and moat are of greater and more impressive dimensions

In addition, the remains of a road leading south from the Octagon have been documented and explored It was first surveyed in the 19th century, when its walls were more apparent Called the Great Hopewell Road, it may extend 60 miles 97 km to the Hopewell complex at Chillicothe, Ohio It was surveyed at least six miles 10 km south of the Octagon, and can be seen on photographs and with LiDAR Light Detection and Ranging sensing technology south of that7

Contemporary archaeogeodesy and archaeoastronomy researchers have demonstrated that the Hopewell and other prehistoric cultures had advanced scientific understandings which they used to create their earthworks for astronomical observations, markings and celebrations Researchers analyzed the placements, alignments, dimensions, and site-to-site interrelationships of the Hopewell earthworks to understand what had been done Today, the Ohio Historical Society preserves the Great Circle Earthworks in a public park near downtown Newark, called Mound Builders Park or the Newark Earthworks located at 99 Cooper Ave, Newark, Ohio The area of the Octagon Earthworks had been leased to a country club, but new arrangements in 1997 provide for more public access to it Later American Indian tribes inhabiting the area at the time of European contact were distant descendants of the earlier peoples

Newark's Pennsylvania Railway Station

After exploration by traders and trappers in earlier centuries, the first European-American settlers arrived in 1802, led by Gen William C Schenck He named the new village after his New Jersey hometown Later public improvements led to growth in the town, as it was linked to major transportation and trade networks On July 4, 1825, Governors Clinton of New York and Morrow of Ohio dug the first shovelfuls of dirt for the Ohio and Erie Canal project, at the Licking Summit near Newark, Ohio On April 11, 1855, Newark became a stop along the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St Louis Railroad that connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St Louis On April 16, 1857, the Central Ohio Railroad connected Newark west to Columbus, and later Newark maintained a station on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

The Heisey Glass Company started in Newark in 1895 The factory operated there for 62 years, until the company's demise in 1957 due to changing tastes The National Heisey Glass Museum, operated by the Heisey Collectors of America, Inc, is located on Sixth Street in Newark

In 1909, The Arcade was opened Modeled after innovative European buildings, it became one of Newark's first successful retail emporiums Later versions became known as shopping malls At 60,000 square feet 5,600 m2, the Arcade is one-third the size of an average modern Wal-Mart The original architecture provides a beautiful setting that attracts shoppers to its businesses

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2137 square miles 5535 km2, of which 2088 square miles 5408 km2 is land and 049 square miles 127 km2 is water1 Newark is located at 40°3′47″N 82°25′0″W / 4006306°N 8241667°W / 4006306; -8241667 40063014, −824167798

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1810 232
1820 410 767%
1830 999 1437%
1840 2,705 1708%
1850 3,654 351%
1860 4,675 279%
1870 6,698 433%
1880 9,600 433%
1890 14,270 486%
1900 18,157 272%
1910 25,404 399%
1920 26,718 52%
1930 30,596 145%
1940 31,487 29%
1950 34,275 89%
1960 41,790 219%
1970 41,836 01%
1980 41,162 −16%
1990 44,389 78%
2000 46,279 43%
2010 47,573 28%
Est 2016 49,134 33%
Sources:1011512

In terms of population, Newark, Ohio is the second-largest Newark in the United States, after Newark, New Jersey Newark, Ohio is part of the Columbus, Ohio metropolitan area The median income for a household in the city was $19,791, and the median income for a family was $42,138 Males had a median income of $18,542 versus $12,868 for females The per capita income for the city was $17,819 About 101% of families and 130% of the population were below the poverty line, including 179% of those under age 18 and 90% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the census3 of 2010, there were 47,573 people, 19,840 households, and 12,057 families residing in the city The population density was 2,2784 inhabitants per square mile 8797/km2 There were 21,976 housing units at an average density of 1,0525 per square mile 4064/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 928% White, 33% African American, 03% Native American, 06% Asian, 03% from other races, and 26% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12% of the population

There were 19,840 households of which 308% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 407% were married couples living together, 148% had a female householder with no husband present, 53% had a male householder with no wife present, and 392% were non-families 319% of all households were made up of individuals and 123% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 235 and the average family size was 294

The median age in the city was 373 years 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 99% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 256% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 145% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 478% male and 522% female

Businessedit

Longaberger corporate headquarters on State Route 16

Newark is the site of several major manufacturers The corporate headquarters of basket-maker Longaberger had their new building designed as a gigantic "medium market basket," their most popular model Holophane, founded in 1898, is one of the world's oldest manufacturers of lighting-related products The main factory of Owens Corning Fiberglass is also located in Newark State Farm Insurance has Regional Headquarters in Newark, Ohio Several industrial parks house such major companies as Kaiser Aluminum, Dow Chemical Company, General Electric, Covestro, Boeing, THK, Harry & David, Communicolor, Diebold, Boeing, Anomatic, International Paper and Tamarack Farms Dairy The Park National Bank Corporation is headquartered in downtown Newark

The main shopping center in the area is the Indian Mound Mall located in nearby Heath The mall is named after the world-famous Indian earthworks built 2,000 years ago by the Hopewell Indians of central Ohio13 Both earthworks are located less than a mile away from the shopping mall named for them

In 2007, Newark/Granville native Tom Atha Jr opened Earthwork Media Productions, located on Main Street in Newark Earthwork Media Productions is a full-scale, professional recording studio, production house, and strategic marketing Earthwork has catered to many national performers, such as Brendan James and Toubab Krewe Earthwork Media Productions opened a second production studio, Studio B, in November, 201214

Educationedit

Newark City School District serves the city of Newark Newark High School consists of nearly 2,000 students and competes at the OHSAA D1 level Newark High School has a storied tradition in Academics and Sports, as well as Performing Arts Newark High School has won 4 OHSAA Basketball titles 36', 38', 43', 08' and 3 AP Football titles The Pride of Newark Marching Band has made an unprecedented 35 consecutive years to the OMEA state finals The Newark High School Sinfonia, under the direction of Susan Larson, tied for first runner-up at the National Orchestra Cup in New York City on April 5, 2009 The Sinfonia was featured in a front-page article of the April 14, 2009, edition of The New York Times, and received an invitation to the White House in the fall of 2009 Their Concert Choir recently sang in Italy and was sponsored by Disney Under the direction of Kimberly & Michael Wigglesworth, the choir has qualified for OMEA Choir state Finals for the past 15 years A regional campus of Ohio State University is also located in the city The Ohio State University, Newark Campus, founded in 1957, schools just over 2,000 students, primarily serving as a bridge to the main campus in Columbus The campus also shares its establishment with a two-year technical college, COTC Central Ohio Technical College Newark is also home to a number of private religious schools, including Blessed Sacrament School and Newark Catholic High School C-TEC Career & Technology Education Centers of Licking County offers high school and adult programs

Climateedit

Climate data for Newark, Ohio
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 76
24
75
24
85
29
90
32
95
35
101
38
106
41
101
38
103
39
90
32
81
27
76
24
106
41
Average high °F °C 36
2
40
4
51
11
63
17
73
23
82
28
85
29
84
29
77
25
66
19
52
11
40
4
624
168
Average low °F °C 20
−7
21
−6
29
−2
39
4
48
9
57
14
61
16
60
16
52
11
41
5
32
0
23
−5
403
46
Record low °F °C −24
−31
−26
−32
−7
−22
12
−11
23
−5
32
0
41
5
38
3
25
−4
14
−10
−4
−20
−21
−29
−26
−32
Average precipitation inches mm 31
79
25
64
35
89
38
97
42
107
45
114
43
109
36
91
29
74
26
66
30
76
29
74
409
1,039
Source: Weatherbase15

Notable peopleedit

  • Gary A Braunbeck, award-winning horror author
  • Johnny Clem AKA "Johnny Shiloh", youngest-known soldier in US Army
  • Mike Collins, football player for NFL's Detroit Lions and St Louis Rams
  • Katharine Coman, historian, professor and author
  • Woody English, MLB player for Chicago Cubs
  • Jon Hendricks, jazz singer
  • Derek Holland, MLB starting pitcher for Chicago White Sox
  • Che Jones, college basketball player; jersey number retired by Ohio State-Newark in 2001
  • Rob Kelly, five-year NFL pro with the New Orleans Saints and New England Patriots
  • Roman Mars, host and producer of 99% Invisible
  • Andy Merrill, the voice of Brak the main character in The Brak Show and Cartoon Planet on Cartoon Network
  • Jerrie Mock, first woman to fly solo around the world
  • Bruce Mozert, photographer
  • Wayne Newton, singer, actor, Las Vegas Strip entertainer; raised in Newark
  • Henry Putnam, Wisconsin State Senator
  • Edward James Roye, President of Liberia from 1870–1871
  • Fred Schaus, Hall of Fame head coach of NBA's Los Angeles Lakers, Purdue and West Virginia
  • William Stanbery, US Congressman
  • G David Thompson 1899-1965, investment banker, industrialist, and modern art collector16
  • Jim Tyrer, professional football player for Kansas City Chiefs and Washington Redskins
  • Jeff Uhlenhake, 12-year NFL pro with Miami Dolphins, Washington Redskins and New Orleans Saints
  • Geoffrey C Ward, historian and writer
  • Clarence Hudson White, early photographer, member of modernist "Photo Secessionist" group
  • Michael Z Williamson, science fiction author
  • Charles R Woods, Civil War general
  • William Burnham Woods, US Supreme Court Associate Justice
  • Eric Wright President of Central Ohio Family Theatre

References in cultureedit

  • Isaac Asimov refers to the Newark Earthworks in a short story
  • Robert Silverberg's novella "Born With The Dead" is set partly in Newark, and refers to the Great Circle and Octagon Mounds
  • Parts of The Tales of Alvin Maker series of novels by Orson Scott Card refer to the earthworks
Heisey Uranium Milk Glass made in Newark
  • Gary A Braunbeck sets much of his fiction in Cedar Hill, a city based on Newark
  • Parts of James Frey's highly successful book, A Million Little Pieces are based in and around Newark

Points of interestedit

  • Newark Earthworks
  • Blackhand Gorge State Nature Preserve
  • Dawes Arboretum
  • Home Building Association Bank
  • National Heisey Glass Museum
  • Ye Olde Mill Velvet Ice Cream Company
  • The Works

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-01-06 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-01-06 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-06-07 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  7. ^ William F Romain and Jarrod Burks, "LiDAR Imaging of the Great Hopewell Road", 04 February 2008, Ohio Archaeological Council, accessed 24 Feb 2010
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990" United States Census Bureau 2011-02-12 Retrieved 2011-04-23 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" PDF 18th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" PDF US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" US Census Bureau Retrieved 25 November 2013 
  13. ^ Ohio State Parks: Great Circle Earthworks
  14. ^ Atha, Thomas "Earthwork Recording Studio Newark, Ohio" Earthwork Media Productions Retrieved 7 November 2012 
  15. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Newark, Ohio, United States of America" July 2011 
  16. ^ "Thompson, G David" MetMuseum Retrieved 25 September 2015 

Bibliographyedit

  • Smucker, Isaac 1807-1894: Recollections of Newark, Ohio Archæological and Historical Society Publications: Volume 20 1911, pp 240–247

External linksedit

  • City of Newark, Ohio
  • Community resource website for Newark, Ohio
  • OSU-Newark and COTC
  • Newark travel guide from Wikivoyage

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