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New Ipswich, New Hampshire

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New Ipswich is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 5,099 at the 2010 census1 New Ipswich, situated on the Massachusetts border, includes the villages of Bank, Davis, Gibson Four Corners, Highbridge, New Ipswich Center, Smithville, and Wilder, though these village designations no longer hold the importance they did in the past The Wapack Trail passes through the community


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


Barr Mansion in 1900

New Ipswich was granted in 1735 to 60 inhabitants of Ipswich, Massachusetts, from whence the name is derived, by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher and the General Court Assembly of Massachusetts As was customary, tall white pine trees were reserved for use as masts by the Royal Navy Settlement began in 1738, when Abijah Foster arrived with his wife and infant daughter In 1762, Governor Benning Wentworth incorporated the town as "Ipswich", and then in 1766 as "New Ipswich" New Ipswich Academy, later renamed Appleton Academy after benefactor Samuel Appleton, was chartered in 1789,2 the second oldest in New Hampshire after Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter It would also serve as high school for the nearby communities of Mason and Greenville Appleton Academy closed in 1968 In 1969, construction of Mascenic Regional High School was completed in New Ipswich

Baptist Church c 1912

The Souhegan River provided water power for mills, and in 1801, the first woolen mill in the state was established at New Ipswich, followed in 1804 by the first cotton mill Other early factories produced glass, potash and linseed oil Cabinet making craftsmen produced elegant furniture The town's affluence would be expressed in fine architecture, an example of which is the Barrett House, used as a setting for the 1979 Merchant Ivory film of The Europeans by Henry James Bypassed by the railroad, the early mill town was preserved

In the past half century, a notable influx of peoples of Finnish descent, particularly of the Apostolic Lutheran Church of America, have settled in New Ipswich Additionally, migrants from nearby Massachusetts make up a large percentage of new residents


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 331 square miles 86 km2, of which 328 sq mi 85 km2 is land and 03 sq mi 078 km2 is water, comprising 097% of the town New Ipswich is drained by the Souhegan River New Ipswich Mountain, part of the Wapack Range, is the highest point in the town, with an elevation of 1,881 feet 573 m above sea level Much of the town is made up of the wooded foothills of the Wapack Range Secondary growth forests have reclaimed the vast majority of the pasture lands that dominated New Ipswich and much of New England at the beginning of the 20th century

New Ipswich is bordered by Rindge to the west, Sharon and Temple to the north, Greenville and Mason to the east, and Ashburnham, Massachusetts and Ashby, Massachusetts to the south


Historical population
1790 1,241
1800 1,266 20%
1810 1,895 497%
1820 1,278 −326%
1830 1,673 309%
1840 1,578 −57%
1850 1,877 189%
1860 1,701 −94%
1870 1,380 −189%
1880 1,222 −114%
1890 969 −207%
1900 911 −60%
1910 927 18%
1920 869 −63%
1930 838 −36%
1940 940 122%
1950 1,147 220%
1960 1,455 269%
1970 1,803 239%
1980 2,433 349%
1990 4,014 650%
2000 4,289 69%
2010 5,099 189%
Est 2015 5,194 19%
US Decennial Census4
Main Street in 1907

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 4,289 people, 1,350 households, and 1,089 families residing in the town The population density was 1310 people per square mile 506/km² There were 1,449 housing units at an average density of 442 per square mile 171/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9855% White, 019% African American, 012% Native American, 037% Asian, 014% from other races, and 063% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 079% of the population 197% were of Finnish, 132% French, 130% English, 104% Irish, 97% French Canadian, 65% German and 56% American ancestry according to Census 2000

There were 1,350 households out of which 456% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 696% were married couples living together, 72% had a female householder with no husband present, and 193% were non-families 152% of all households were made up of individuals and 56% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 316 and the average family size was 355

Appleton Academy c 1910

In the town, the population was spread out with 345% under the age of 18, 77% from 18 to 24, 298% from 25 to 44, 204% from 45 to 64, and 75% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 32 years For every 100 females there were 1048 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1017 males

The median income for a household in the town was $53,939, and the median income for a family was $57,865 Males had a median income of $40,887 versus $26,724 for females The per capita income for the town was $20,210 About 43% of families and 71% of the population were below the poverty line, including 105% of those under age 18 and 101% of those age 65 or over

New Ipswich has one of the highest population percentages of residents under the age of 18 in New Hampshire6

Notable peopleedit

  • Nathan Appleton, merchant and US congressman from Massachusetts; born in New Ipswich7
  • Samuel Appleton, merchant and philanthropist
  • Benjamin Champney, artist
  • Jonas Chickering, piano manufacturer
  • Augustus Addison Gould, Harvard-educated conchologist and malacologist
  • John Taylor Jones, early Protestant missionary to Thailand

Sites of interestedit

  • Barrett House


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ New Ipswich, New Hampshire at nhgov Retrieved February 21, 2009
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  7. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 Marquis Who's Who 1963 

External linksedit

  • Town of New Ipswich official website
  • New Hampshire Employment and Labor Market Information Bureau Community Profile
  • Friends of the Wapack Trail
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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