Nevada during World War II


Nevada during World War II was a time of great change that began immediately after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in December 1941 The population of Nevada grew significantly, largely due to an influx of service men who were stationed at several newly built military bases The economy also improved as the number of workers steadily increased and new jobs became available123

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Economics and population growth
    • 12 Military installations
    • 13 Enemy aliens
  • 2 Casualties
  • 3 Gallery
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References

Historyedit

Economics and population growthedit

Mining was one of Nevada's main industries at the beginning of the World War II-era Just like during World War I, the mines and the towns right next to them began to thrive once again due to an increase in demand for copper and silver The increase is exemplified by the rise in production from $24,945,376 in 1938 to $43,864,107 in 1940 Following the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's entry into the war, Senator Pat McCarran and other Nevada officials campaigned successfully in Washington, DC to have the military build new bases, such as airfields, and other military installations within the state The construction of new bases brought in thousands of workers from outside of Nevada and when they were finished building the workers were replaced by military personnel Towns and cities next to the military's facilities greatly profited from the new arrivals and also grew in size Nevada's population in 1940 was 110,247 and by 1950 it had grown to 160,083 Although this number was small compared to California, for example, it represented a 452% increase The Las Vegas and Reno areas were affected most by the increase in population Las Vegas was just a town of 8,422 people in 1940 By 1950 it had grown to 24,624, a gain of 1924% Reno went from a population of 21,317 in 1940 to 32,492 in 195014

Mining and the military industries were not the only industries to benefit from the war It was during World War II and the years immediately afterward that Nevada's gambling and tourist industries began to take off People like Bugsy Siegel, a New York City gangster, flocked to Nevada to take advandage of the growing communities Many people visited Nevada's snow topped mountains during the war years to ski The Red-light districts also attracted lots of people, including many service men from California, however, the military pressured Nevada's government to have all brothels closed in 194313

Military installationsedit

See also: Nevada World War II Army Airfields Las Vegas Army Airfield in December 1942

Like other states in the Desert Southwest, most of the new military installations built were United States Army airbases The state's weather, wide open spaces, railroad connections, and access to California made it an ideal location for training pilots Las Vegas Army Airfield and Tonopah Army Airfield were created from existing airports and the military built four additional fields in 1942, including Indian Springs Field, Reno Army Airbase, and Naval Air Station Fallon Ranges and emergency strips included the Battle Mountain Flight Strip, the Black Rock Desert Gunnery Range, Churchill Flight Strip, and Owyhee Flight Strip Tonopah Army Air Field and Indian Springs each had five auxiliary airstrips, including Indian Springs' Forty-Mile Canyon Field and Groom Lake Field Camp Williston, located at Boulder City, provided security for Henderson's Basic Magnesium Plant and the Hoover Dam156

Enemy aliensedit

See also: Enemy alien

Nevada did not have any prisoner of war camps or internment camps like so many of the other states, the latter because Governor Edward P Carville refused to allow the federal government to use his state as a "dumping ground for enemy aliens" However, enemy aliens, including Japanese Americans, residing within Nevada faced new restrictions which had never been implemented before Although little research has been done about the topic, it appears that German and Italian aliens received very few of the restrictions and little antagonism when compared to the aliens of the World War I-era The Japanese, however, were subjected to forced removal by the military and the seizure of their property by the government Conditions were not bad for the entire Japanese community though; not all were forced to move to relocation camps As aliens they had to register in accordance with the law and were required to turn in all weapons and short-wave radios Some experienced little interference with their daily lives, while others were relocated to WRA internment camps17

Casualtiesedit

Army and Air Forces
County Killed in action KIA Died of wounds DOW Died of injuries DOI Died, non-battle DNB Finding of death FOD Missing in action MIA Total
Churchill 9 10 1 20
Clark 37 1 31 69
Douglas 4 3 7
Elko 21 1 8 2 32
Esmeralda 8 2 32
Eureka 1 1 2 4
Humboldt 7 2 3 12
Lander 3 1 2 6
Lincoln 2 7 3 12
Lyon 6 1 4 11
Mineral 12 2 2 16
Nye 5 6 11
Ormsby 6 1 2 9
Pershing 5 2 1 8
Storey 1 1 1 3
Washoe 44 9 30 5 88
White Pine 9 3 11 2 25
State at Large 4 1 9 2 16
Total 176 23 133 17 349

8

Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard
Type Total
Killed in Action KIA 74
Killed in Prison Camps 2
Wounded in Action WIA 1
Missing in Action MIA 119
Released from Prison Camps
Total 196

9

Galleryedit

See alsoedit

  • World War II portal
  • Military of the United States portal
  • United States Air Force portal
  • American Theater 1939–1945
  • Arizona during World War II
  • Desert Training Center
  • Military history of the United States during World War II
  • New Mexico during World War II
  • United States home front during World War II

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d e Elliott, Russell R; William D Rowley 1987 History of Nevada University of Nebraska Press ISBN 978-0803267152 
  2. ^ "censusgov" PDF Retrieved November 29, 2012 
  3. ^ a b "Nevada Riches: The Land and People of the Silver State" Retrieved November 29, 2012 
  4. ^ Nickel, Robert V 2004 Dollars, Defense, and the Desert: Southern Nevada's Military Economy and World War II Nevada Historical Society 
  5. ^ "Naval Air Station Fallon" Retrieved November 29, 2012 
  6. ^ a b Rodden, Mimi Garat 2000 Boulder City: Nevada Arcadia Publishing ISBN 978-0738507705  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Rodden2C_pg_8" defined multiple times with different content see the help page
  7. ^ Ng, Wendy L 2002 Japanese American Internment During World War II: A History and Reference Guide Greenwood Publishing Group ISBN 978-0313313752 
  8. ^ "WWII Army Casualties: Nevada" Retrieved November 29, 2012 
  9. ^ "WWII Casualties: Nevada" Retrieved November 29, 2012 


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