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Netzer Sereni

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Netzer Sereni Hebrew: נֵצֶר סֶרֶנִי is a kibbutz in central Israel Located in the Shephelah between Be'er Ya'akov and Ness Ziona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gezer Regional Council In 2018 it had a population of 823[1]

History

Holocaust memorial, Kibbutz Netzer Sereni

Kibbutz Netzer Sereni was founded in 1948 by Holocaust survivors liberated from Buchenwald concentration camp, who had established themselves in 1945 as the "Kibbutz Buchenwald", an agricultural collective designed to prepare Jews for life in Palestine - the first such Hakhshara group established in Germany after the war[2][3]

The kibbutz was established on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village named Bir Salim[4][5]

The founders were Holocaust survivors and the village was initially named Kibbutz Buchenwald after the concentration camp in which many of its founders had been detained The name was changed later to Netzer by the Buchenwald members The kibbutz was named Netzer Sereni after Enzo Sereni, a Jewish Italian intellectual, Zionist leader and Jewish Brigade officer Sereni was one of the founders of Givat Brenner He was parachuted into Nazi-occupied Italy in World War II, only to be immediately captured by the Germans and executed in Dachau concentration camp;[6] in Hebrew netzer means sprout, shoot or branch

In 1948-51 a national political separation between the two labour parties, Mapam and Mapai, led to a split within the kibbutz movement[7][8] In 1952 120 Mapai members of Kibbutz Givat Brenner broke away for ideological reasons and moved to Kibbutz Netzer[6]

Notable residents

  • Eyal Ben-Reuven

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" XLS Israel Central Bureau of Statistics 25 August 2019 Retrieved 26 August 2019mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  2. ^ Judith Tydor Baumel, Kibbutz Buchenwald: Survivors And Pioneers, Rutgers University Press, 1997, ISBN 9780813523378
  3. ^ Erhard Roy Wiehn ed, Wer hätte das geglaubt, Hartung-Gorre Verlag, 2010, Konstanz
  4. ^ Morris, Benny 2004 The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited Cambridge University Press p xx, settlement #11 ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6
  5. ^ Khalidi, Walid 1992 All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948 Washington DC: Institute for Palestine Studies p 371 ISBN 0-88728-224-5
  6. ^ a b Daniel Gavron 2000 The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia Rowman & Littlefield, p59
  7. ^ Kibbutz Movement in Israel Splits; Mapai Delegates Walk out of Mapam-Dominated Parley Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 23, 1951
  8. ^ Marcia Drezon-Tepler 1990 Interest Groups and Political Change in Israel State University of New York Press SUNY Press p 104 ISBN 978-0-7914-0207-8 Retrieved 26 June 2018

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Netzer Sereni


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