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National symbols of Hungary

national symbols of hungary map, national symbols of hungary capital
The national symbols of Hungary are flags, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Hungary or Hungarian culture The highly valued special Hungarian products and symbols are called Hungaricum1

Contents

  • 1 Flags and heraldry
  • 2 Flora and fauna
  • 3 People
    • 31 National Anthem
  • 4 Food and drink
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Flags and heraldryedit

See also: Flags of Hungarian history, Hungarian heraldry, and Coat of arms of Hungary

The flag of Hungary is a horizontal tricolor of red, white and green The coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty is also popular

Hungarian coat of arms Hungarian military flag from 1848 Hungarian revolution flag in front of the Hungarian Parliament Building Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty

Flora and faunaedit

See also: Hungarian animals and List of national parks of Hungary

Almost a fifth of the country is forested, however only 10 percent is natural forest2 Hungary is home to some 2,200 flowering plant species and, because of its topography and transitional climate, many of them are not normally found at this latitude Much of the flora in the Villány and Mecsek Hills in Southern Transdanubia, for example, is usually seen only around the Mediterranean Sea2 On the southern Szársomlyó Hill of the Villány Mountains, the formerly unknown Colchicum hungaricum Hungarian Crocus was found and botanically described in 1867 by the Hungarian botanist Viktor Janka This is the earliest native Hungarian flower to bloom
The salty Hortobágy region on the Eastern Plain has many plants normally found on the seashore, and the Nyírség area is famous for meadow flowers The Gemenc forest on the Danube River near Szekszárd, the Little Balaton in the center of Transdanubia, and the Tisza River backwater east of Kecskemét are important wetlands2 Most of the trees in the nation's forests are deciduous beech, oak, and birch, and a small percentage are fir Since the 14th century, over 250 new plants have colonized Hungary, of which almost 70 are considered invasive2 Many such plants are perennial herbs that have slowly extirpated some native flora2

Historically, Hungary was the second largest supplier of paprika to the United States,3 despite the spice not being a product of a Hungarian native plant Hungarian paprika has a distinctive flavor and is in great demand in Europe where it is used as a spice rather than as a coloring agent3

Hortobágy National Park, the Hungarian steppe Hungarian capsicum of Szeged The Hungarian Crocus, Colchicum hungaricum
Hungarian Grey Cattle Hungarian Puli smaller sheepdog Hungarian Komondor larger sheepdog Vizsla Hungarian Buffalo in the buffalo reserve of Kápolnáspuszta, Zala county

Peopleedit

See also: Culture of Hungary, Hussar, and Hungarian folk music
Arrival of the Hungarians in the 9th century Hungarian folk wrangler csikós Hungarian authentic dance Traditional Hungarian coppersmith master at work
Hungarian horse archer Hungarian Hussars in Elsterwerda Hungarian folk dance Hungarian paprika vendor in Budapest Traditional clothes of a Hungarian gulyás herdsman

National Anthemedit

National Anthem Himnusz
It was adopted in the 19th century and the first stanza is sung at official ceremonies The words were written by Ferenc Kölcsey, a nationally renowned poet in 1823, and its currently official musical setting was composed by the romantic composer Ferenc Erkel in 1844, although other less-known musical versions exist

Food and drinkedit

Main article: Hungarian cuisine See also: Hungarian wine, Pálinka, and Hungarian beer

The traditional Hungarian dishes abound in piquant flavors and aromas4 Dishes are flavorful, spicy and often rather heavy Flavors of Hungarian dishes are based on centuries-old traditions in spicing and preparation methods4 The exquisite ingredients are produced by local agricultural and husbandry Paprika, onion and garlic are to be found everywhere In the Middle Ages the fish soup was the most popular and the most lovely fishmeal in Hungary4 A cookery book from 1860 contains 400 fish recipes4 The most well-known specialities of Hungarian cuisine such as goulash soup, the different varieties of stew and "paprikás" are red with paprika4

The Dobos cake Hungarian filled pancake Hungarian Goulash soup The famous Hungarian chimney cake Fresh made Lángos
A cold bottle of Unicum The Pálinka The Tokaji wine, "Vinum Regum, Rex Vinorum" "Wine of Kings, King of Wines"

See alsoedit

  • Hungary
  • List of Hungarian dishes
  • Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park

Referencesedit

  1. ^ International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Report of a Working Group on Medicinal and Aromatic plants: first meeting 12-14 September 2002, Gozd Martuljek, Slovenia, 2004, p 46
  2. ^ a b c d e Neal Bedford, Lonely Planet Hungary, Lonely Planet, 2009, p 64
  3. ^ a b Niir Board,Handbook On Spices Reprint Edition - 2010, National Institute of Industrial Re, 2010, p 101
  4. ^ a b c d e Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Peter Nijkamp, Jean-Louis Rastoin, Traditional food production and rural sustainable development: a European challenge, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd, 2009, p 106

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National symbols of Hungary


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