National research and education network


A National Research and Education Network NREN is a specialised internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the research and education communities within a country

It is usually distinguished by support for a high-speed backbone network, often offering dedicated channels for individual research projects

NRENs are usually the places where new Internet protocols and architectures are introduced before deployment within the Public Internetcitation needed Two examples of these protocols are IPv6 and IP multicast Two examples of architecture are client/server and Cloud computing

In recent years NRENs have also developed many 'above the net' services National Identity federations, many of which are represented in REFEDs, are one example of such services

Contents

  • 1 List of NRENs by geographic area
    • 11 East and Southern Africa
    • 12 North Africa
    • 13 West and Central Africa
    • 14 Indian Subcontinent
    • 15 Asia Pacific
    • 16 North America
    • 17 Latin America
    • 18 Caribbean
    • 19 Europe
    • 110 Scandinavia
    • 111 Middle East
    • 112 Central Asia
  • 2 Historical
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links
    • 41 Annual Compendiums
    • 42 Further reading and case studies

List of NRENs by geographic areaedit

East and Southern Africaedit

  • UbuntuNet Alliance for Research and Education Networking - the Alliance of NRENs of East and Southern Africa
  • Eb@le - DRC NREN
  • EthERNet - Ethiopian NREN
  • iRENALA - Malagasy NREN
  • KENET - Kenyan NREN
  • MAREN - Malawian NREN
  • MoRENet - Mozambican NREN
  • RENU - Ugandan NREN
  • RwEdNet - Rwanda NREN
  • SomaliREN - Somali NREN
  • SudREN - Sudanese NREN
  • TENET/SANReN - South African NREN
  • TERNET - Tanzanian NREN
  • Xnet - Namibian NREN
  • ZAMREN - Zambian NREN

North Africaedit

  • TUREN - Tunisian NREN
  • MARWAN - Moroccan NREN
  • ENREN - Egyptian NREN
  • ARN - Algerian NREN
  • SudREN - Sudanese NREN

West and Central Africaedit

  • WACREN - West and Central African Research and Education Network
  • GARNET - Ghanaian NREN
  • MaliREN - Mali NREN
  • Niger-REN - Nigerien NREN
  • RITER - Côte d'Ivoire NREN
  • SnRER - Senegalese NREN
  • NgREN - Nigerian NREN

Indian Subcontinentedit

  • AfgREN - Afghanistan NREN
  • BDREN - Bangladeshi NREN
  • ERNET - Indian NREN
  • NKN - Indian NREN
  • NREN - Nepal NREN
  • PERN - Pakistani NREN
  • LEARN - Sri Lankan NREN

Asia Pacificedit

  • APAN - Asia-Pacific Advanced Network
  • AARNet - Australian NREN
  • CSTNET CERNET NSFCNET - Chinese NREN
  • HARNET - Hong Kong NREN
  • KOREN - Korean NREN
  • KREONET- Korean NREN
  • INHERENT - Indonesian NREN
  • SINET - Japanese NREN
  • MYREN - Malaysian NREN
  • REANNZ - New Zealand NREN
  • PREGINET - Philippine NREN
  • SingAREN - Singaporean NREN
  • TWAREN - Taiwanese NREN
  • UniNet - Thai NREN
  • VinaRen - Vietnamese NREN
  • CamREN- Cambodia NREN
  • TEIN - Trans Eurasia Information Network

North Americaedit

  •  United States
Name Type
Internet2 national
National LambdaRail national
ESnet national
CalREN state California
CEN state Connecticut
Illinois Century Network state Illinois
KanREN state Kansas
Merit Network state Michigan
NERO state Oregon
NCREN state North Carolina
NYSERNet state New York
OARnet state Ohio
PennREN state Pennsylvania
UEN state Utah
  •  Canada
Name Type
CANARIE national
ACORN-NL provincial Newfoundland and Labrador
ACORN-NS provincial Nova Scotia
BCNET provincial British Columbia
Cybera provincial Alberta
GTAnet provincial Ontario
ECN provincial New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island
MRnet provincial Manitoba
ORION provincial Ontario
RISQ provincial Quebec
SRNet provincial Saskatchewan

Latin Americaedit

High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA and REUNA1
  • RedCLARA - Cooperación Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas Association of Latin American NRENs
  • Innova-Red - Argentinian NREN
  • ADSIB - Bolivian NREN
  • RNP - Brazilian NREN
  • REUNA - Chilean NREN
  • RENATA - Colombian NREN
  • RedCONARE - Costa Rican NREN
  • CEDIA - Ecuadorian NREN
  • RAICES - El Salvadoran NREN
  • RAGIE - Guatemalan NREN
  • Universidad Tecnológica Centroamericana UNITEC - Honduran NREN
  • CUDI - Mexican NREN
  • RENIA - Nicaraguan NREN
  • RedCyT - Panamanian NREN
  • Arandu - Paraguayan NREN
  • RAAP - Peruvian NREN
  • RAU - Uruguayan NREN
  • REACCIUN CNTI- Venezuelan NREN

Caribbeanedit

  • C@ribNET - Caribbean NREN
  • TTRENT - Trinidad and Tobago NREN
  • JREN - Jamaica NREN
  • RADEI - NREN of the Dominican Republic

Europeedit

  • GÉANT - Develops and maintains the GÉANT backbone network on behalf of European NRENs Formerly DANTE and TERENA
  • CEENet - Central and Eastern European Research Networking Association 1
  • Eumedconnect - South Mediterranean Backbone
  • ANA Albanian NREN
  • ASNET-AM - Armenian NREN
  • ACOnet - Austrian NREN
  • AzScienceNet Azerbaijan NREN
  • BASNET - Belarus NREN
  • Belnet - Belgian NREN
  • BREN - Bulgarian NREN
  • CESNET - Czech NREN
  • CARNet - Croatian NREN
  • CYNET - Cypriot NREN
  • SURFnet - Dutch NREN
  • EENet - Estonian NREN
  • RENATER - French NREN
  • Deutsches Forschungsnetz DFN - German NREN
  • GRENA - Georgian NREN
  • GRNET - Greek NREN
  • NIIF/HUNGARNET - Hungarian NREN
  • HEAnet - Irish NREN
  • GARR - Italian NREN
  • KazRENA - Kazakhstan NREN
  • SigmaNet - Latvian NREN
  • LITNET - Lithuanian NREN
  • RESTENA - Luxembourg NREN
  • MARNET - Macedonian NREN
  • UoM-CSC - Maltese NREN
  • RENAM - Moldovian NREN
  • MREN - Montenegro NREN
  • PIONIER PSNC - Polish NREN
  • FCCN - Portuguese NREN
  • RoEduNet - Romanian NREN
  • AMRES - Serbian NREN
  • ARNES - Slovenian NREN
  • SANET - Slovakian NREN
  • RedIRIS - Spanish NREN
  • SWITCH - Swiss NREN
  • ULAKBIM - Turkish NREN
  • URAN - Ukrainian NREN
  • Janet - United Kingdom NREN

Scandinaviaedit

  • NORDUnet - Nordic backbone network
    • DeIC - Danish NREN
    • FUNET - Finnish NREN
    • RHnet - Icelandic NREN
    • SUNET - Swedish NREN
    • UNINETT - Norwegian NREN

Middle Eastedit

  • Eumedconnect - Mediterranean/North African Backbone
  • ANKABUT UAE NREN
  • OMREN Omani NREN
  • IUCC - Israeli NREN
  • JUnet Jordanian NREN
  • PALNREN Palestinian NREN
  • Lebanon
  • Birzeit Uni/AlQuds Palestinian Authority
  • QNREN - Qatar NREN
  • HIAST Syrian NREN

Central Asiaedit

  • RUNNet RIPN RBnet- Russian University Network, Russian NREN
  • ASNET-AM - Armenian
  • AzRENA - Azerbaijan
  • BASNET UNIBEL Belarus
  • GRENA - Georgian NREN
  • KazRENA - Kazakhstan NREN
  • KRENA - Kyrgyzian NREN
  • TuRENA - Turkmenistan NREN
  • UZSCINET - Uzbekistan NREN

Historicaledit

  • Information superhighway
  • vBNS

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "New High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA" wwwesoorg European Southern Observatory Retrieved 20 January 2015 

External linksedit

  • Overview of Uzbekistan NREN UZSCINet in CEENGINE newsletter 2
  • Overview of Ukrainian NRENs URAN & UARNET in CEENGINE newsletter 3
  • Overview of Albanian NREN ANA-AL in CEENGINE newsletter 4
  • Overview of Bulgarian NREN BREN in CEENGINE newsletter 5
  • Signing of Trinidad and Tobago NREN TTRENT in Trinidad Guardian newspaper
  • 6

Annual Compendiumsedit

  • Terena Compendium

Further reading and case studiesedit

  • Research and Education Networking FAQ
  • India - High Performance Computing Networks & NRENSpdf
  • Digital Divide & REN, Case of Bangladesh


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