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National Highway 2 (India, old numbering)

National Highway 2 or NH 2, is a major National Highway in India, that connects the states of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal It constitutes a major portion of the historical Grand Trunk Road along with NH 91 and NH 1 in India The highway connects national capital Delhi with Kolkata as well as important cities such as, Faridabad, Mathura, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Dhanbad and Asansol1


  • 1 Route and length
  • 2 In Haryana
  • 3 In Uttar Pradesh
  • 4 In Bihar
  • 5 In Jharkhand
  • 6 In West Bengal
  • 7 National Highways Development Project
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References

Route and lengthedit

The road is the part of National Highway network of India, and it is officially listed as running over 1,465 km The kilometer counts in each of the states are Delhi 12, Haryana 74, Uttar Pradesh 752, Bihar 202, Jharkhand 190, West Bengal

In Haryanaedit

The National Highway 2 enters Haryana through Delhi Faridabad Skyway The skyway is located at the border of Delhi and NCR city of Faridabad The highway passes through the centre of Faridabad and runs parallel to the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro The highway passes through Palwal before entering Uttar Pradesh

In Uttar Pradeshedit

NH-2, Khaga, Fatehpur district, Uttar Pradesh

West-east alignment The National Highway 2 enters Uttar Pradesh from Haryana in Mathura district, and a part of it is known as Mathura Road Before Mathura it covers Palwal and Faridabad city in Haryana After Mathura it reaches Agra which is about 200 km 120 mi In Agra it covers about 16 km 99 mi After leaving Agra it enters Etawah where 15  km bypass of city is made After leaving Etawah it enters Kanpur city where a 23 km 14 mi and 12 lane Kanpur over-bridge has been built which is also one of the largest over-bridges in the Asia2 In Kanpur it covers industrial belts Akbarpur-Maharajpur around 60 km 37 mi and then it reaches Fatehpur District and covers 16 km 99 mi area of Fatehpur, then it reaches Allahabad via Kaushambi and covers 16 km 99 mi in city then reachesVaranasi-Mughalsarai covers 15 km 93 mi and thus leaves UP This national highway has given a new life to public transport in Northern India The overbridges built in Agra, Kanpur, Fatehpur and Allahabad have reduced city traffic problems Allahabad Bypass Expressway is also the country's longest bypass section

In Biharedit

West-east alignment The Bihar stretch of NH 2 starts from the bridge on the Karmanasa River that forms the border with Uttar Pradesh NH 2 runs for 202 km in the state and then enters Jharkhand, between Dobhi and Chauparan, around Barachatti In between it passes through Kaimur district Mohania is the first major town on it Also NH 30 is connected to In the city and leads to Patna city The next city is Sasaram where there is the tomb of Great Emperor Sher Shah Suri At Dehri- on-Son it crosses the wide expanse of the Son River over the Jawahar Setu At Dobhi it meets the road to Gaya and Patna NH 83 NH 98 from Patna to Daltonganj crosses NH 2 at Aurangabad

In Jharkhandedit

East-west alignment The Jharkhand stretch of NH 2 extends from the bridge on the Barakar River on the Asansol-Nirsa bypass to around Barachatti, and runs for 190 kilometres 120 mi Immediately after crossing into Jharkhand from West Bengal, NH2 meets the junction with the road on the north leading to Maithon and the road on the south leading to Panchet NH 2 returns to old Grand Trunk Road at Nirsa At Gobindpur NH 2 meets NH 32 leading to Dhanbad and Jamshedpur At Topchanchi there is a picturesque lake, off NH2 Thereafter for a long stretch up to Isri the massive Parasnath Hills / Shikharji dominates on the northern side of NH 2 At Dumri, the road on the north leads to Madhuban and Giridih The next important junction is Bagodar where NH 100 meets NH2 There is a road leading to Hazaribagh Road station At Barhi is the crossing with NH31 and NH33 Between Chauparan and Dobhi, around Barachatti, NH 2 crosses over to Bihar Much of the Jharkhand sector of NH 2 passes through an undulating area on Koderma plateau

In West Bengaledit

East-west alignment The West Bengal end of NH 2 starts or terminates at Dankuni in the outskirts of Kolkata 3 There is a 6 kilometres 37 mi stretch to the Nivedita Bridge, and thereafter Belghoria Expressway links it to Barrackpur Trunk Road, and Jessore Road/ NH 34 Alternatively, Kolkata bound traffic takes the NH 6 at Dankuni and then follows the Kona Expressway/NH 117 and Vidyasagar Setu to enter Kolkata

The four–lane West Bengal portion of NH 2 stretches from Barakar to Dankuni and the entire stretch is complete The 65 kilometres 40 mi Dankuni-Palsit stretch is also known as Durgapur Expressway From Palsit to the outskirts of Asansol it follows the old Grand Trunk Road bypassing such towns as Saktigarh, Bardhaman and Raniganj but passes through Durgapur and Andal The Palsit–Panagarh stretch is 64 kilometres 40 mi and the Panagarh–Raniganj stretch is 42 kilometres 26 mi At Panagarh Darjeeling Mor NH 2 meets Panagarh–Morgram Highway In the outskirts of Asansol NH 2 leaves Grand Trunk Road The latter passes through crowded areas of Asansol, Neamatpur, Kulti and Barakar in West Bengal and Chirkunda and Kumardhubi in Jharkhand A bypass links the outskirts of Asansol with Nirsa, where the NH 2 gets back to Grand Trunk Road The Raniganj–Barakar stretch is 33 kilometres 21 mi The widened 120 kilometres 75 mi Panagarh–Dhanbad stretch was thrown open to traffic in 20014

Construction cost of the 130 kilometres 81 mi Panagarh–Dankuni section was 178 million US dollars5 The entire stretch in West Bengal happens to be a toll zone There are toll plazas at three places: Asansol, Palsit and Dankuni Asansol toll plaza is now closed Instead a new toll booth has been established at Maithon More in Jharkhand, just a few kilometres after crossing the bridge on Barakar River According to the NHAI’s statistical record, in 2008 everyday about 850,000 to 900,000 vehicles plied between Barakar and Dankuni The gross toll collection amounted to Rs 2,500,000 per day Large number of buses ply along NH 2 South Bengal State Transport Corporation operates 47 buses between Durgapur and Kolkata alone In 2008 South Bengal State Transport Corporation has started bus services between Burdwan and KolkataBoth AC and non AC buses are available There are around 50 buses In 2011 Royal Express AC bus service was started between Burdwan and Kolkata6

National Highways Development Projectedit

  • Almost all of the 1,465 km 910 mi stretch of NH 2 has been selected as a part of the Golden Quadrilateral by the National Highways Development Project7
  • Approximately 253 km 157 mi stretch of NH 2 between Delhi and Agra has been selected as a part of the North-South Corridor by the National Highways Development Project7
  • Approximately 35 km 22 mi stretch of NH 2 between Barah and Kanpur has been selected as a part of the East-West Corridor by the National Highways Development Project7

See alsoedit

  • List of National Highways in India by Highway Number
  • National Highways Development Project


  1. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" PDF New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways Retrieved 3 April 2012 
  2. ^ Top 10 Best Flyovers in India Walkthroughindiacom Retrieved on 2013-12-06
  3. ^ "Completed Stretches on NH2 Delhi-Kolkata" Status : 31st Aug , 2005 National Highways Authority of India Archived from the original on 14 February 2009 Retrieved 2009-01-19 
  4. ^ "NHAI to award Rs 8,000-cr contracts in two months" The Hindu Business Line, 22 October 2001 Retrieved 2009-01-19 
  5. ^ "Public Private Participation: Success Stories in India" PDF “Asia on the Move: Energy Efficient and Inclusive Transport” Presented by SK Gupta ADB Transport Forum Retrieved 2009-01-19 
  6. ^ Siddiqui, Kanchan "NHAI, truckers incur heavy losses" The Statesman, 27 August 2008 Retrieved 2009-01-19 dead link
  7. ^ a b c "Archived copy" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 25 February 2009 Retrieved 2014-10-29  National Highways-Source-National Highways Authority of India NHAI

National Highway 2 (India, old numbering) Information about

National Highway 2 (India, old numbering)

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