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National emblem of France

marianne national emblem of france, the national emblem of france
The French Republic currently uses two emblems One has been a symbol of France since 1912, although it does not have any legal status as an official coat of arms It appears on the cover of French passports and was adopted originally by the French Foreign Ministry as a symbol for use by diplomatic and consular missions using a design by the sculptor Jules-Clément Chaplain

In 1953, France received a request from the United Nations for a copy of a national coat of arms to be displayed alongside the coats of arms of other member states in its assembly chamber An interministerial commission requested Robert Louis 1902–1965, heraldic artist, to produce a version of the Chaplain design This did not, however, constitute an adoption of an official coat of arms by the Republic

It consists of:

  • A wide shield with, on the one end a lion-head and on the other an eagle-head, bearing a monogram "RF" standing for République Française French Republic
  • A olive branch symbolises peace
  • An oak branch symbolises perennity or wisdom
  • The fasces, a symbol associated with the exercise of justice the bundle of rods and an axe were carried by Roman lictors This use of the fasces predates the adoption of this symbol by Benito Mussolini as the emblem of Italian Fascism

In September 1999, the French government adopted a unique official identifier for its communication, incorporating the Republic's motto, the colours of the flag, and Marianne, the Republic's personification


The historical coat of arms of France were the golden fleurs-de-lys on a blue field, used continuously for nearly six centuries 1211-1792 Although according to legend they originated at the baptism of Clovis, who supposedly replaced the three toads that adorned his shield with three lilies given by an angel, they are first documented only from the early 13th century They were first shown as semé, that is to say without any definite number and staggered known as "France ancient", but in 1376 they were reduced to three, known as "France modern" With this decision, King Charles V intended to place the kingdom under the double invocation of the Virgin the lily is a symbol of Mary, and the Trinity, for the number The traditional supporters of the French royal arms are two angels, sometimes wearing a heraldic dalmatic

Coat of arms Description and blazon Dates used
Flags and coats of arms based on this banner were mostly used during the Early Middle Ages and medieval times of the Carolingian Empire, first introduced by Charles the Great Oriflamme from Latin aurea flamma, "golden flame" was the battle standard of the Kings of France It was originally the sacred banner of the Abbey of St Denis, a monastery near Paris Frankish Empire
The arms of "France Ancien": Azure semé-de-lis or Before 1305
Arms of "France Ancien" dimidiated with the arms of Navarre, after king Louis X inherited Navare from his mother Joan I of Navarre in 1305 1305–1328
The arms of "France Ancien": Azure semé-de-lis or After the death of the last direct Capetian in 1328, the kingdom of France passed to the house of Valois through the Salic law, and Navarre passed to the house of Evreux through female line 1328–1376
The arms of "France Moderne": Azure, three fleurs-de-lis or, a simplified version of France Ancien 1376–1469
The arms of France Moderne After the creation of the Order of Saint Michael in 1469, its collar was added to the royal arms 1469–1515
The arms of France Moderne King Francis I changed the open crown traditionally used by his predecessors for a closed one 1515–1578
The arms of France Moderne After the creation of the Order of the Holy Spirit in 1578, its collar was added to the royal arms 1578–1589
The royal arms of the Kingdom of France after the conclusion of the French Wars of Religion Again the arms of the Kingdom of Navarre impaled with France Moderne, indicating the personal union of the two realms as a result of Henry IV becoming king 1589–1792
The arms of the First French Empire of Napoleon I, featuring an eagle and inset with "golden bees" as in the tomb of King Childeric I 1804–1814/1815
After the restoration the royal House of Bourbon once more assumed the French crown 1814/1815–1830
During the July Monarchy the arms of the House of Orléans were used 1830–1831
From 1831 onward, the arms of Louis-Philippe were used, depicting the Charter of 1830 1831–1848
The Great Seal of the French Second Republic 1848–1852
The arms of the Second French Empire of Napoleon III, again featuring an eagle 1852–1870
Informal arms were created for the French Third Republic featuring fasces on a laurel branch and an oak branch in saltire
Cartridge of the French State Vichy France
Emblem of Philippe Pétain, chief of state of the French State Vichy France, featuring the motto Travail, Famille, Patrie Work, Family, Fatherland The Francisque was only Pétain's personal emblem but was also gradually used as the regime's informal emblem on official documents
This composition, which was briefly seen in 1905 during the official visit to France of King Alfonso XIII, reappeared in 1922 in a cartoon by Gustave Jaulmes for a tapestry to be displayed in Strasbourg In 1929, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs replied to the German Embassy, which wanted to know the official coat of arms of the Republic, that, ″there is no, in principle, official coat of arms or emblem″, but that such a composition was used for the French embassies and consulates The 1935 edition of Le Petit Larousse reproduced in black and white this composition as a symbol of the French Republic In 1953, an inter-ministry committee chose it in order to meet the request of the United Nations Secretariat which wanted to adorn the assembly hall with panels reproducing the official coats of arms of each member state
1905, 1922/1953-presentcitation needed
Informal arms dating from 1912, reintroduced during the presidency of Jacques Chirac 1995–2007 and still used
1912, 1953–present
Logo of the French government, incorporating the Republic's motto, the colours of the flag, and Marianne, the Republic's personification

See alsoedit

  • Great Seal of France

External linksedit

  • Media related to Coats of arms of France at Wikimedia Commons

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