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National Association of the Deaf (United States)


The National Association of the Deaf NAD was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, in 1880 as a non-profit organization run by Deaf people to advocate for deaf rights, its first president being Robert P McGregor of Ohio It includes associations from all 50 states and Washington, DC and is the US member of the World Federation of the Deaf, which has over 120 national associations of Deaf people as members It has its headquarters in Silver Spring, Maryland

All of its presidents of were late-deafened until the 1970s It is in charge of the Miss Deaf America Ambassador programs, which are held during the associations conventions It has advocated for deaf rights in all aspects of life, from public transportation to education

Contents

  • 1 Mission statement
  • 2 Issues
  • 3 Legal rights
  • 4 Milestones
  • 5 Awards
  • 6 State associations
  • 7 See also
  • 8 External links
  • 9 References

Mission statementedit

"The mission of the National Association of the Deaf is to promote, protect, and preserve the civil, human and linguistic rights of deaf and hard of hearing individuals in the United States of America"

While it works for Deaf people, it also works to promote knowledge about the rights, culture, and language of Deaf people to hearing people

Issuesedit

The NAD advocates for any issues that are associated with deaf rights It early worked to preserve sign language, especially under George Veditz During his time as president, Veditz and other members of the NAD used the new film technology to capture individuals signing so that their language would never be lost Although African-Americans were not permitted to be members until later, starting in the early 1900s, the NAD advocated for vocational training for the "Colored Deaf" population Because of the lack of rights afforded to blacks in NAD, several groups were formed, included National Black Deaf Advocates The NAD has also fought to keep deaf teachers for teaching deaf students and for the opening of deaf residential schools across the country In 1909, President William Howard Taft signed a law allowing deaf individuals to take civil service exams only after the NAD fought to have this as a law It was a strong advocate for having captioned films and in 1958, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a law requiring it

The NAD strongly supported the students and faculty of Gallaudet University in the Deaf President Now protests of the 1980s The Americans with Disabilities Act ADA of 1990 was also strongly fought for by the NAD Most recently, the NAD has advocated for professional sports stadiums to provide captioning for the referees calls and for announcers' comments The association has worked to require insurance companies to have deaf people as clients and for landlords to have deaf tenants Hotels are now required to provide "deaf-friendly" alarm clocks and smoke detectors because of the NAD's persistence in the matter

The NAD fights for the right of deaf individuals to be able to use American Sign Language and to be provided an interpreter The NAD website gives information on all the rights of deaf individuals have and how to go about gaining them

Legal rightsedit

The NAD advocates for rights of the deaf and ensures that deaf people know what their rights are when it comes to certain issues The NAD provides step-by-step details on its website on what is legal

Milestonesedit

  • 1896: The first woman Julia Foley was elected to the board of the NAD1
  • 1960: The Junior NAD was established2
  • 1964: Women members of the NAD were first allowed to vote3
  • 1965: Black members were first accepted into the NAD4
  • 1972: The first Miss Deaf America Pageant called the Miss Deaf America Talent Pageant until 1976 was held during the NAD Convention in Miami Beach, Florida; the winner was Ann Billington56
  • 1980: Gertrude Galloway became the first female president of the NAD7

Awardsedit

The biennial NAD conference includes awarding of various awards 8

State associationsedit

State associations are affiliated with but independent of the NAD All 50 states and Washington, DC, have state associations, many of which provide a dual membership with the NAD Some state associations receive their bylaws from the NAD

See alsoedit

  • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  • Disability subsection on Accessibility
  • Deaf culture
  • Deaf history
  • Timeline of disability rights in the United States
  • Timeline of disability rights outside the United States
  • Laurent Clerc Awards

External linksedit

  • National Association of the Deaf United States
  • National Council for Interpreting in Health Care United States
    • A complete list of WFD members containing over 120 national associations of deaf people

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://nadorg/nad-history#1970s
  2. ^ http://nadorg/nad-history#1970s
  3. ^ http://nadorg/nad-history#1970s
  4. ^ http://nadorg/nad-history#1970s
  5. ^ http://gupressgallaudetedu/excerpts/WADthree5html
  6. ^ http://wwwlifeprintcom/asl101/topics/missdeafamericapageanthtm
  7. ^ http://nadorg/nad-history#1970s
  8. ^ "Recognition Awards" 
  • 1, National Association of the Deaf website
  • 2, Gallaudet University Archives, Timeline: Gallaudet University and the Deaf Community
  • Dunn, Lindsay Moeletsi Edited by Mervin D Garretson "Education, Culture and Community: The Black Deaf Experience" A Deaf American Monograph 451995: 37-41


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National Association of the Deaf (United States)


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