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Nantou County

nantou county, nantou county tourism deputy director taiwan
Nantou County Chinese: 南投縣; pinyin: Nántóu Xiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lâm-tâu-kōan is the second largest county of Taiwan1 It is also the only landlocked county in Taiwan Its name derives from the Hoanya Taiwanese aboriginal word Ramtau Nantou County is officially administered as a county of Taiwan Province

Its mountainous area makes it a tourist destination; Sun Moon Lake is located in this county Other well-known areas of the county are Hehuanshan and Sitou Notable cities in Nantou are Nantou City and Puli Town Nantou County butterfly is Broad-tailed swallowtail butterfly Agehana maraho Nantou's tung-ting tea is one of the most famous and high-quality oolong teas grown in Taiwan2

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Kingdom of Tungning
    • 12 Empire of Japan
    • 13 Republic of China
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Government
    • 31 Administrative divisions
      • 311 City
      • 312 Townships
        • 3121 Urban townships
        • 3122 Rural townships
        • 3123 Mountain indigenous townships
    • 32 Politics
  • 4 Demographics and culture
    • 41 Population
    • 42 Language
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Energy
  • 7 Tourist attractions
  • 8 Transportation
    • 81 Rail
  • 9 See also
  • 10 External links
  • 11 References

Historyedit

Before the arrival of Han Chinese to Nantou, the Atayal, Bunun and Tsou tribes were distributed throughout the northern and central Nantou These groups pioneered the early development of mountain regions in Nantou3

Kingdom of Tungningedit

In 1677, Lin Yi Chinese: 林圯, a general under the command of Koxinga, led soldiers to establish residence in Shalianbao zh modern-day Zhushan The Han Chinese began to enter Nantou via two main routes, the Zhuoshui River and Maoluo River3

Empire of Japanedit

In 1901, during Japanese rule, Nanto Chō Japanese: 南投廳 was one of twenty local administrative offices established In 1909, part of Toroku Chō 斗六廳 was merged into Nanto Cho A major reorganization occurred in 1920, in which the area was administered under Taichū Prefecture together with modern-day Changhua County and Taichung City

Republic of Chinaedit

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Nantou County was administered under Taichung County of Taiwan Province On 16 August 1950, Nantou County was established by its separation from Taichung County, and Nantou Township was designed as the county seat On 1 July 1957, the Zhongxing New Village in Nantou Township was designed to be the capital of Taiwan Province from the former Taipei City In 1981, the county seat was upgraded from Nantou Township to Nantou City

Geographyedit

Hehuanshan is one of the higher mountains in Nantou County

Nantou County has an area of 4,106436 km2 with a width of 72 km and length of 95 km It is the second largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County4

There are 41 mountains with peaks over 3,000 meters high, with Mount Yu in Xinyi Township is the highest peak in Nantou County and in Taiwan with a height of 3,952 meters Around 83% of Nantou County area is covered by hills and mountains

Rain that falls into the mountains area converge into the Dadu River and Zhuoshui River There are inland ponds and lakes throughout the mountains in the county, such as the Sun Moon Lake, Bi Pond, Liyu Pond and Cilin Pond

Climateedit

The annual average temperature in Nantou County is 23 °C on level ground and 20 °C on mountains The annual average rainfall is less than 1,750 mm on level ground and 2,800 mm on mountains The rainy season lasts from April to September and the summer lasts from October to March4

Governmentedit

Lin Ming-chen, the incumbent Magistrate of Nantou County Nantou City, the county seat of Nantou County Nantou County Council

Nantou County consists of 1 city, 4 urban townships, 6 rural townships, 2 mountain indigenous townships, 128 villages and 133 neighborhoods5 Nantou City is the seat of the county which houses the Nantou County Government and Nantou County Council The incumbent Magistrate of Nantou County is Lin Ming-chen of the Kuomintang

Administrative divisionsedit

Cityedit

  1. Nantou City 南投市

Townshipsedit

Urban townshipsedit
  1. Caotun Township 草屯鎮
  2. Jiji Township 集集鎮
  3. Puli Township 埔里鎮
  4. Zhushan Township 竹山鎮
Rural townshipsedit
  1. Guoxing Township 國姓鄉
  2. Lugu Township 鹿谷鄉
  3. Mingjian Township 名間鄉
  4. Shuili Township 水里鄉
  5. Yuchi Township 魚池鄉
  6. Zhongliao Township 中寮鄉
Mountain indigenous townshipsedit
  1. Ren'ai Township 仁愛鄉
  2. Xinyi Township 信義鄉

Politicsedit

Nantou County voted two Kuomintang legislators out of two seats to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election6

Demographics and cultureedit

Year Pop ±%
1985 535,572 —    
1990 536,479 +02%
1995 546,517 +19%
2000 541,537 −09%
2005 535,205 −12%
2010 526,491 −16%
2015 509,490 −32%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan" Ministry of the Interior Population Census 

Populationedit

Nantou County has a population of 517,037 people as of January 2014

Languageedit

The official language of the county is Mandarin Taiwanese, Hakka, English and aboriginal languages are also spoken

Educationedit

National Chi Nan University

There are 2 colleges, 13 senior high and vocational schools, 30 junior high schools, 149 elementary schools, 106 kindergartens and 84 day care centers in the county7 Notable universities in the county are National Chi Nan University and Nan Kai University of Technology

Energyedit

Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant

Nantou County houses Taiwan's first pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Takuan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant commissioned in 1985 with an installed capacity of 1,008 MW It also houses Taiwan's largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant with an installed capacity of 1,602 MW Both power plants are located in Shueili Township along the Shuili River

Tourist attractionsedit

Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village
  • Chung Tai Chan Monastery
  • Paper Dome
  • Fonghuanggu Bird and Ecology Park
  • Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village
  • Jufang Hall
  • Lalu Island
  • Ming Shan Resort
  • Nantou County Culture Park
  • Qingjing Farm
  • Sun Moon Lake
  • Taroko National Park
  • Yushan National Park

Transportationedit

Checheng Station

Railedit

Nantou County is served by the Jiji Line of Taiwan Railways Administration which consists of Checheng, Jiji, Longquan, Shuili and Zhuoshui Station

See alsoedit

  • Administrative divisions of the Republic of China

External linksedit

  • Nantou County Government

Referencesedit

  1. ^ 臺灣行政區面積表 Chart of Taiwan Administrative Divisions, Chinese Wikipedia
  2. ^ "Dong Ding Oolong Tea: Product Description" The Brixton Tea Party 2013 Retrieved April 27, 2013
  3. ^ a b "Nantou of Yesterday" Nantou County Government Retrieved 8 July 2016 
  4. ^ a b "Profile of Nantou County" Nantou County Government 2015 
  5. ^ "Organization" Nantou County Government 2015 
  6. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election" 
  7. ^ "About the Schools in Nantou County" Nantou County Government 2007 

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