The Festival of Seven Herbs or Nanakusa no sekku Japanese: 七草の節句 is the long-standing Japanese custom of eating seven-herb rice porridge nanakusa-gayu on January 7 Jinjitsu
- 1 Seven spring flowers
- 11 Nanakusa's musical accompaniment
- 2 Seven autumn flowers
- 3 Cautionary note
- 4 External links
Seven spring flowers
The nanakusa are seven edible wild herbs of spring Traditionally, they are:
|Image||Traditional name||Modern name||English|
|芹 : せり seri||Seri||Oenanthe javanica|
|薺 : なずな nazuna||Nazuna or Penpengusa （ぺんぺん草）||Shepherd's Purse|
|御形 : ごぎょう gogyō||Hahakogusa （母子草）||Cudweed|
|繁縷 : はこべら hakobera||Hakobe （蘩蔞）||Chickweed|
|仏の座 : ほとけのざ hotokenoza||Koonitabirako （小鬼田平子）||Nipplewort|
|菘 : すずな suzuna||Kabu （蕪）||Turnip|
|蘿蔔 : すずしろ suzushiro||Daikon （大根）||Radish|
There is considerable variation in the precise ingredients, with common local herbs often being substituted
On the morning of January 7, or the night before, people place the nanakusa, rice scoop, and/or wooden pestle on the cutting board and, facing the good-luck direction, chant "Before the birds of the continent China fly to Japan, let's get nanakusa" while cutting the herbs into pieces The chant may vary
The seventh of the first month has been an important Japanese festival since ancient times The custom of eating nanakusa-gayu on this day, to bring longevity and health, developed in Japan from a similar ancient Chinese custom, intended to ward off evil Since there is little green at that time of the year, the young green herbs bring color to the table and eating them suits the spirit of the New Year
Nanakusa's musical accompaniment
|tōdo no tori to,
nihon no tori to,
wataranu saki ni,
te ni tsumi-ire te,
kōshitochō to naru
|China-land's birds and
earlier than bring on their coming,
seven species wild herb,
I pluck them to the hand and
it becomes Neck, Turtle Beak, Dipper and Extended Net
Seven autumn flowers
The spring-time nanakusa are mirrored by the Nanahana no sekku 七花の節句, the "seven flowers of autumn" or "festival of seven flowers", which are bush clover hagi, miscanthus obana, Miscanthus sinensis, kudzu, large pink nadeshiko, Dianthus superbus, yellow flowered valerian ominaeshi, Patrinia scabiosaefolia, boneset fujibakama, Eupatorium fortunei, and Chinese bellflower kikyō These seven autumn flowers provide visual enjoyment Their simplicity was very much admired: they are small and dainty yet beautifully colored They are named as typical autumn flowers in a verse from the Man'yōshū anthology
The Japanese parsley Oenanthe javanica is one of the few non-toxic species of the Oenanthe water dropworts genus, which are otherwise extremely toxic As this species is not found outside of Asia unless specifically cultivated, one should always consider wild-growing varieties of water dropworts to be lethal, even in small amounts
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