Municipal Corporations Act 1882


The Municipal Corporations Act 1882 45 & 46 Vict c50 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom It replaced existing legislation governing municipal boroughs in England and Wales, and gave the corporations powers to make byelaws and to acquire land and buildings1 Municipal boroughs continued to be regulated by the Act until their abolition in 1974 Parts of the Act are still in operation Sections 190 to 194 were amongst the enactments cited as the Police Acts 1839 to 18932

Contents

  • 1 Charters and schemes
  • 2 Byelaws
  • 3 Buildings and land
  • 4 Consolidation of existing legislation
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links
    • 71 UK Legislation

Charters and schemesedit

The Act allowed inhabitant householders of a town to petition the privy council seeking a charter of incorporation as a borough3 Where the petition was successful, a committee of the privy council drew up a "scheme" which described in detail the area of the borough, and the property, powers and duties transferred from existing local authorities such as local boards, sanitary authorities or highway boards4 The scheme, together with the charter, described the date of first elections, appointed a returning officer and divided the borough into wards If one twentieth of the owners or rate payers of the proposed borough objected to the scheme, a local act of parliament had to be passed to bring the borough into existence4

Byelawsedit

Section 23 of the Act, boroughs were empowered to make byelaws "as to them seem meet for the good rule and government of the Borough, and for the prevention and suppression of nuisances not already punishable in a summary manner by virtue of any act in force throughout the Borough, and may thereby appoint such fines, not exceeding in any case £5, as they may deem necessary for prevention and suppression of offences against the same"5 Such byelaws gave considerable power to the borough corporation to exert control over various activities and nuisances Many byelaws made under the 1882 act are still in force, the powers conferred by them now being exercised by the modern local authorities that replaced the municipal boroughs under local government reorganisation

Buildings and landedit

The Act allowed corporations to acquire land and buildings for the administration of the borough6 Money could be borrowed to construct town halls, council houses, police stations, judges' lodgings and other buildings required for the conduct of the corporation's business7 The maximum term allowed for repayment of such a loan was 30 years, boroughs needing to obtain private acts of parliament to extend the payment period8 The corporation could not dispose of land or buildings without the permission of the Local Government Board8

Consolidation of existing legislationedit

The Act incorporated the various amendments to the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 and several other pieces of legislation Among these were the Municipal Franchise Act 1869, which gave the vote to women ratepayers, and the Corrupt Practices Municipal Elections Act 18729

See alsoedit

  • Municipal Corporations Act
  • Boroughs incorporated in England and Wales 1882–1974

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Shaw, Albert June 1889 "Municipal Government in Great Britain" Political Science Quarterly The Academy of Political Science 4 2: 197–229 doi:102307/2139337 JSTOR 2139337 
  2. ^ The Short Titles Act 1896, section 21 and Schedule 2
  3. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, s210
  4. ^ a b Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, s213
  5. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, s23
  6. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, s105
  7. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, s106
  8. ^ a b Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, s108
  9. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1882 c50, sch1

External linksedit

  • "Charter of Incorporation granted to Borough of Kidwelly under Municipal Corporations Act 1882" Kidwelly History 1885 Retrieved 1 January 2009 
  • "Scheme for the Borough of Kidwelly under Municipal Corporations Act 1882" Kidwelly History 1885 Retrieved 1 January 2009 

UK Legislationedit

  • Text of the Municipal Corporations Act 1882 as in force today including any amendments within the United Kingdom, from legislationgovuk


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