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Multnomah County, Oregon

multnomah county oregon public court records, multnomah county oregon sheriff's office
Multnomah County /məltˈnoʊmə/ is one of 36 counties in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 735,3341 Its county seat, Portland, is the state's largest city2 Multnomah County is part of the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and though smallest in area, it is the state's most populous county3

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Since 2000
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Major highways
    • 22 Adjacent counties
    • 23 National protected area
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Law and government
  • 5 Economy
    • 51 Tourism
    • 52 Cultural influence
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Unincorporated communities
    • 63 Former communities
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Multnomah County the thirteenth in Oregon Territory was created on December 22, 1854, formed out of two other Oregon counties – the eastern part of Washington County and the northern part of Clackamas County Its creation was a result of a petition earlier that year by businessmen in Portland complaining of the inconvenient location of the Washington County seat in Hillsboro and of the share of Portland tax revenues leaving the city to support Washington County farmers County commissioners met for the first time on January 17, 18554 The county is named after the Chinook word for the "lower river", Multnomah and Matlnomaq being alternative, interpretive English spellings of the same word In Chinook Jargon, Ne-matlnomaq, means the "place of matlnomaq" or the singular Ne-matlnomag, "the lower river", from the Oregon City Falls to the Columbia river The explorer William Clark wrote in his Journal: "I entered this rivercalled Multnomahfrom a nation who reside on Wappato Island, a little below the enterence" quoted from Willamette Landings by HM Corning Note that Clark refers to Sauvies Island as Wappato Island and the lower Willamette River as Multnomah Simply put, Multnomah or "down river" is the shortened form of nematlnomaq,citation needed meaning "the down river"

In 1924, the county's three commissioners were indicted and recalled by voters "in response to 'gross irregularities' in the award of contracts for construction of the Burnside and Ross Island bridges"; since all three had been supported by the Ku Klux Klan, their recall also helped reduce that organization's influence in the city5

Vanport, built north of Portland in 1943 to house workers for Kaiser Shipyards, was destroyed by a flood five years later

In 1968, the Oregon Legislative Assembly referred a bill, Ballot Measure 5, to voters that would amend the state constitution to allow for consolidated city-county governments when the population is over 300,0006 The 1968 voters' pamphlet noted that Multnomah County would be the only county in Oregon affected by the measure and voters approved the referendum in the 1968 general election67 Since the approval of Measure 5 in 1968, an initiative to merge the county with Portland has been considered and placed on the county ballot several times8910 The merger would have formed a consolidated city-county government like that of San Francisco, California None of these proposals has been approved

Since 2000edit

In the 2000 presidential election, Multnomah played a decisive role in determining the winner of the state's electoral votes Al Gore carried the county by more than 104,000 votes, enough to offset the nearly 100,000-vote advantage that George W Bush had earned among Oregon's 35 other countiescitation needed The Democratic tilt was repeated in 2004, when John Kerry won by 181,000 votes, and in 2008 when Barack Obama won by 204,000 votescitation needed

In February 2001, the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners unanimously accepted the recommendation of the Library Advisory Board and authorized the library to enter into a lawsuit to stop the Children's Internet Protection Act11 The US Supreme Court ultimately decided in 2003 that the law was constitutional in US v ALA However, the library chose to turn down $104,000 per year of federal funding under CIPA to be able to continue to offer unfiltered Internet access1213

Faced with decreasing government revenues due to a recession in the local economy, voters approved a three-year local income tax Measure 26-48 14 on May 20, 2003 to prevent further cuts in schools, police protection, and social services15 Multnomah County was one of the few local governments in Oregon to approve such a tax increasecitation needed

On March 2, 2004, Multnomah County Chair Diane Linn announced the county would begin granting licenses for same-sex marriages, pursuant to a legal opinion issued by its attorney deeming such marriages lawful under Oregon law Her announcement was supported by three other commissioners Serena Cruz, Lisa Naito, Maria Rojo de Steffey, but criticized by Lonnie Roberts, who represents the eastern part of Multnomah county and was left out of the decision16 Within a few days, several groups joined to file a lawsuit to halt the county's actioncitation needed

But after that, Linn and the three commissioners developed a public feud, with the latter becoming known as the "mean girls"17 The county government has also faced significant budget issues, including not being able to open the Wapato Corrections Facility since it was built in 2003

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 466 square miles 1,210 km2, of which 431 square miles 1,120 km2 is land and 34 square miles 88 km2 74% is water18 It is the smallest county in Oregon by area It is located along the south side of the Columbia River

The county includes a number of extinct volcanoes in the Boring Lava Field The Oregon side of the Columbia River Gorge forms the eastern portion of the county's northern border

Major highwaysedit

  • I-5
  • I-84
  • I-205
  • I-405
  • US 26
  • US 30

  • US 30 Byp
  • US 99 decommissioned
  • OR 10
  • OR 43
  • OR 120
  • OR 213

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Clark County, Washington - north
  • Skamania County, Washington - northeast
  • Hood River County - east
  • Clackamas County - south
  • Washington County - west
  • Columbia County - northwest

National protected areaedit

  • Mount Hood National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 4,150
1870 11,510 1773%
1880 25,203 1190%
1890 74,884 1971%
1900 103,167 378%
1910 226,261 1193%
1920 275,898 219%
1930 338,241 226%
1940 355,099 50%
1950 471,537 328%
1960 522,813 109%
1970 556,667 65%
1980 562,640 11%
1990 583,887 38%
2000 660,486 131%
2010 735,334 113%
Est 2016 799,766 88%
US Decennial Census20
1790-196021 1900-199022
1990-200023 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the 2000 census, there are 660,486 people in the county, organized into 272,098 households and 152,102 families The population density is 1,518 people per square mile 586/km² There are 288,561 housing units at an average density of 663 per square mile 256/km² The racial makeup of the county is 7916% White, 570% Asian, 567% Black or African American, 103% Native American, 035% Pacific Islander, 403% from other races, and 407% from two or more races 751% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race 160% were of German, 90% English, 88% Irish and 51% American ancestry 835% spoke English, 63% Spanish, 17% Vietnamese and 13% Russian as their first language

There are 272,098 households out of which 265% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 409% are married couples living together, 108% have a female householder with no husband present, and 441% are non-families 325% of all households are made up of individuals and 86% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older The average household size is 237 and the average family size is 303

In the county, the population is spread out with 2230% under the age of 18, 1030% from 18 to 24, 3380% from 25 to 44, 2250% from 45 to 64, and 1110% who are 65 years of age or older The median age is 35 years For every 100 females there are 9800 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 9610 males

The median income for a household in the county is $41,278, and the median income for a family is $51,118 Males have a median income of $36,036 versus $29,337 for females The per capita income for the county is $22,606 1270% of the population and 820% of families are below the poverty line Out of the total population, 1540% of those under the age of 18 and 980% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 735,334 people, 304,540 households, and 163,539 families residing in the county24 The population density was 1,7049 inhabitants per square mile 6583/km2 There were 324,832 housing units at an average density of 7532 per square mile 2908/km225 The racial makeup of the county was 765% white, 65% Asian, 56% black or African American, 11% American Indian, 05% Pacific islander, 51% from other races, and 46% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 109% of the population24 In terms of ancestry, 194% were German, 122% were Irish, 114% were English, and 42% were American26

Of the 304,540 households, 270% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 386% were married couples living together, 107% had a female householder with no husband present, 463% were non-families, and 326% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 235 and the average family size was 303 The median age was 357 years24

The median income for a household in the county was $49,618 and the median income for a family was $62,956 Males had a median income of $45,152 versus $38,211 for females The per capita income for the county was $28,883 About 113% of families and 160% of the population were below the poverty line, including 211% of those under age 18 and 121% of those age 65 or over27

Law and governmentedit

Presidential Elections Results28
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 170% 67,954 733% 292,561 97% 38,588
2012 207% 75,302 754% 274,887 40% 14,533
2008 206% 75,171 767% 279,696 27% 9,843
2004 271% 98,439 716% 259,585 13% 4,670
2000 282% 83,677 635% 188,441 83% 24,567
1996 263% 71,094 592% 159,878 145% 38,989
1992 243% 72,326 553% 165,081 204% 60,884
1988 365% 95,561 616% 161,361 19% 4,921
1984 452% 119,932 543% 144,179 05% 1,428
1980 392% 101,606 465% 120,487 142% 36,875
1976 444% 112,400 510% 129,060 46% 11,699
1972 467% 118,219 496% 125,470 37% 9,269
1968 439% 106,831 512% 124,651 49% 12,036
1964 335% 81,683 661% 161,040 04% 1,016
1960 505% 127,271 493% 124,273 01% 338
1956 528% 129,658 472% 115,896 00% 0
1952 550% 132,602 444% 107,118 06% 1,339
1948 458% 86,519 496% 93,703 47% 8,806
1944 420% 78,279 567% 105,516 13% 2,423
1940 427% 73,612 566% 97,595 06% 1,106
1936 272% 41,405 700% 106,561 29% 4,353
1932 356% 47,201 594% 78,898 50% 6,644
1928 616% 75,731 368% 45,177 16% 1,951
1924 500% 48,866 222% 21,733 278% 27,165
1920 581% 44,806 358% 27,607 62% 4,761
1916 517% 41,458 446% 35,755 38% 3,022
1912 231% 9,212 348% 13,894 422% 16,86229
1908 598% 17,819 331% 9,850 71% 2,118
1904 739% 13,692 125% 2,324 136% 2,518
See also: Multnomah County, Oregon election, 2006 Elected officials
  • County Commission one chair, four commissioners
    • Chair: Deborah Kafoury3031
    • Commissioner, District 1: Sharon Meieran3132
    • Commissioner, District 2: Loretta Smith3331
    • Commissioner, District 3: Jessica Vega Pederson3431
    • Commissioner, District 4: Lori Stegmann3531
  • District Attorney: Rod Underhill36
  • Sheriff: Michael Reese37
  • Auditor: Steve March38
  • Circuit Court39
Appointed officials
  • Elections: Tim Scott
  • Finance: Mark Campbell
  • Surveyor: James Clayton

Map of Multnomah County legislative districts

Economyedit

The principal industries of Multnomah County are manufacturing, transportation, wholesale and retail trade, and tourism Since Oregon does not have a sales tax, it attracts shoppers from southwest Washington

The Port of Portland, established in 1891 and combined with the City of Portland's Commission of Public Docks in 1971, ranks third in total waterborne commerce on the West Coast, and 31st in the nation for total tonnage according to the 2009 American Association of Port Authorities' Port Industries Statistics40 Portland is one of the five largest auto import ports in the nation and is the West Coast's leading exporter of grain and lumbercitation needed The Port of Portland is also responsible for Portland International Airport PDX in the northeast section of Portland, the Troutdale Airport a few miles east of PDX in Multnomah County, the Hillsboro Airport to the west in Washington County, and Mulino State Airport to the south in Clackamas County

Out of the 199 cities and counties located in the five West Coast states, Multnomah County ranked 198th in private sector job creation from 1997 to 200941

The Multnomah County Library has a small impact on the county budget: the county library, which supplies Internet service to area libraries, turns down $104,000 per year in federal funding starting in 2004, so that it does not have to comply with the Children's Internet Protection Act, so as to maintain unfiltered Internet access4243

Tourismedit

See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Multnomah County, Oregon

The county is home to a number of Portland-area attractions and venues, including Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, Portland Art Museum, Memorial Coliseum, Oregon Convention Center, Moda Center, Providence Park, Washington Park, Oregon Zoo, International Rose Test Garden, Lan Su Chinese Garden, Portland Japanese Garden, and Pittock Mansion

It is also home to the Historic Columbia River Highway, Multnomah Falls, and Oxbow Regional Park

Cultural influenceedit

The county was the birthplace of the Multnomah Community Ability Scale, used in mental health programs throughout the US

Communitiesedit

See also: Portland, Oregon neighborhoods

Citiesedit

  • Fairview
  • Gresham
  • Lake Oswego small portion44
  • Maywood Park
  • Milwaukie small portion
  • Portland county seat
  • Troutdale
  • Wood Village

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Bonneville
  • Bridal Veil
  • Burlington
  • Corbett
  • Dodson
  • Dunthorpe
  • Holbrook
  • Interlachen
  • Latourell
  • Orient
  • Riverwood
  • Springdale
  • Warrendale

Former communitiesedit

  • Vanport

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Oregon Almanac: Abbreviation to Counties" Oregon Blue Book State of Oregon Retrieved 2007-07-04 
  4. ^ "Oregon Historical County Records Guide:Multnomah County History" Oregon State Archives Retrieved 2009-08-01 
  5. ^ Genovese, Fran 2009-02-19 "Politicians and scandal: a Portland-area tradition" The Oregonian Retrieved 2011-12-10 
  6. ^ a b Oregon Blue Book 2009 "Initiative, Referendum and Recall: 1958-1970" Oregon Secretary of State Retrieved 2010-06-18 
  7. ^ Oregon Secretary of State 1968 "State of Oregon Voters' Pamphlet General Election 1968" PDF Oregon State Library Retrieved 2010-06-18 
  8. ^ Briem, Chris "Some Major City-County Consolidation Referenda in the 20th Century" University of Pittsburgh Retrieved 2010-03-28 
  9. ^ Senator Lim 1997 "Relating to city-county consolidation; creating new provisions" Oregon Legislative Assembly Retrieved 2010-03-28 
  10. ^ Bogstad, Deborah 1999 "Multnomah County March 30 & April 1, 1999 Board Meetings" Multnomah County, Oregon Retrieved 2010-03-28 
  11. ^ "Children's Internet Protection Act; Questions and Answers" Multnomah County Library Retrieved 2007-06-29 
  12. ^ Mitchell, Renee S May 5, 2004 "Once again, policy did not involve public" The Oregonian 
  13. ^ "Children's Internet Protection Act; Questions and Answers" Multnomah County Library December 23, 2009 Retrieved 2010-03-28 
  14. ^ "May 2003 Special Election - Multnomah County - Measure No 26-48" Multnomah County Elections 
  15. ^ "May 20, 2003 - Election Results" Multnomah County Elections 
  16. ^ "Oregon News homepage" The Oregonian Retrieved 2010-11-22 not in citation given
  17. ^ Kelly House November 4, 2013 "Former Multnomah County Chair Diane Linn returns to Portland with nonprofit job" The Oregonian 
  18. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  19. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  20. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  21. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  22. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  23. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  24. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  25. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  26. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  27. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  28. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  29. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 12,523 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 3,578 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 761 votes
  30. ^ "Deborah Kafoury takes office as Multnomah County Chair" multcous June 5, 2014 Retrieved 22 July 2014 
  31. ^ a b c d e Manning, Rob January 3, 2017 "Multnomah County Swears In All-Female Commission" Oregon Public Broadcasting Retrieved 2017-01-05 
  32. ^ "Sharon Meieran, Commissioner, District 1" Multnomah County Retrieved January 5, 2017 
  33. ^ "Loretta Smith, Commissioner, District 2" multcous Retrieved 22 July 2014 
  34. ^ "Jessica Vega Pederson, Commissioner, District 3" Multnomah County Retrieved January 5, 2017 
  35. ^ "Lori Stegmann, Commissioner, District 4" Multnomah County Retrieved January 5, 2017 
  36. ^ "District Attorney's Office homepage" Multnomah County Retrieved 22 November 2010 
  37. ^ "District Attorney's Office homepage" Multnomah County Retrieved 22 November 2010 
  38. ^ "Auditor's Office" comultnomahorus Retrieved 22 November 2010 
  39. ^ "Demographic and Economic Profile Fourth Judicial District OR Circuit Courts" fedstatsgov 
  40. ^ "Port Industry Statistics" American Association of Port Authorities Retrieved August 1, 2011 
  41. ^ "Portland's Economic Recovery and the Role of Trade" Friday Forums City Club of Portland December 2, 2011 Retrieved 2011-12-10 
  42. ^ Mitchell, Renee S May 5, 2004 "Once again, policy did not involve public" The Oregonian 
  43. ^ "Children's Internet Protection Act; Questions and Answers" Multnomah County Library December 23, 2009 Retrieved 2010-03-28 
  44. ^ Cioswegoorus Archived February 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

External linksedit

  • Oregon portal
  • Multnomah County
  • Multnomah County History from the Oregon State Archives

Coordinates: 45°32′N 122°25′W / 4554°N 12241°W / 4554; -12241

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