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MultiMediaCard

multimedia card, multimedia card reader
The MultiMediaCard MMC is a memory card standard used for solid-state storage Unveiled in 1997 by SanDisk and Siemens AG,1 it is based on a surface contact low pin-count serial interface using a single memory stack substrate assembly, and is therefore much smaller than earlier systems based on high pin-count parallel interfaces using traditional surface mount assembly such as CompactFlash Both products were initially introduced using SanDisk NOR-based Flash technology MMC is about the size of a postage stamp: 24 mm × 32 mm × 14 mm MMC originally used a 1-bit serial interface, but newer versions of the specification allow transfers of 4 or 8 bits at a time MMC can be used in many devices that can use Secure Digital SD cards

Typically, an MMC is used as a storage medium for a portable device, in a form that can easily be removed for access by a PC For example, a digital camera would use an MMC for storing image files With an MMC reader typically a small box that connects via USB or some other serial connection, although some can be found integrated into the computer itself, a user could copy the pictures taken with the digital camera off to his or her computer Modern computers, both laptops and desktops, often have SD slots, which can additionally read MMCs if the operating system drivers can

MMCs are available in sizes up to and including 512 GB They are used in almost every context in which memory cards are used, like cellular phones, digital audio players, digital cameras and PDAs Since the introduction of SD cards, few companies build MMC slots into their devices an exception is some mobile devices like the Nokia 9300 communicator in 2004, where the smaller size of the MMC is a benefit, but the slightly thinner, pin-compatible MMCs can be used in almost any device that can use SD cards if the software/firmware on the device is capable

While few companies build MMC slots into devices today SD cards are more common, the embedded card eMMC is still widely used in the industry as a primary means of integrated storage in portable devices It provides a low-cost flash memory system with a built-in controller that can reside inside an Android or Windows phone or low-cost PC and appear to its host as a bootable device, in lieu of a more expensive form of solid-state storage, like the traditional solid-state drive

Contents

  • 1 Open standard
  • 2 Variants
    • 21 RS-MMC
    • 22 DV-MMC
    • 23 MMCplus and MMCmobile
    • 24 MMCmicro
    • 25 MiCard
    • 26 SecureMMC
    • 27 eMMC
    • 28 Others
    • 29 Table
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links
    • 41 Organizations
    • 42 Specifications
    • 43 Other

Open standardedit

Top of four types of MMC cards clockwise from left: MMC, RS-MMC, MMCplus, MMCmobile, metal extender Bottom of the same four cards

This technology is a standard available to any company wanting to develop products based on it There is no royalty charged for devices which host an MMC A membership with the MMC Association must be purchased in order to manufacture the cards themselves

As of July 2009, the latest specifications version 44 dated March 2009 can be requested from the MMCA, and after registering with MMCA, can be downloaded free of charge Older versions of the standard, as well as some optional enhancements to the standard such as MiCard and SecureMMC, must be purchased separately

A highly detailed version is available on-line2 that contains essential information for writing an MMC driver

As of 23 September 2008, the MMCA group has turned over all specifications to the JEDEC organization including embedded MMC e-MMC and miCARD assets JEDEC is an organization devoted to standards for the solid-state industry

As of February 2015, the latest specifications version 51 can be requested from JEDEC, and after registering with JEDEC, can be downloaded free-of-charge Older versions of the standard, as well as some optional enhancements to the standard such as MiCard and SecureMMC, must be purchased separately A highly detailed version is available on-line2 that contains essential information for writing an MMC driver

Variantsedit

RS-MMCedit

In 2004, the Reduced-Size MultiMediaCard RS-MMC was introduced as a smaller form factor of the MMC, about half the size: 24 mm × 18 mm × 14 mm The RS-MMC uses a simple mechanical adapter to elongate the card so it can be used in any MMC or SD slot RS-MMCs are currently available in sizes up to and including 2 GB

The only significant hardware implementations of RS-MMCs were Nokia and Siemens, who used to use RS-MMC in their Series 60 Symbian smartphones, the Nokia 770 Internet Tablet, and generations 65 and 75 Siemens However, since 2006 all of Nokia's new devices with card slots have used miniSD or microSD cards, with the company dropping support for the MMC standard in its products Siemens exited the mobile phone business completely in 2006 Siemens continue to use MMC for some PLC storage

DV-MMCedit

The Dual-Voltage MultimediaCard DV-MMC is one of the first acceptable changes in MMC was the introduction of dual-voltage cards that can operate at 18 V in addition to 33 V Running at lower voltages reduces the card's energy consumption, which is important in mobile devices However, simple dual-voltage parts quickly went out of production in favour of MMCplus and MMCmobile which offer capabilities in addition to dual-voltage capability

MMCplus and MMCmobileedit

The version 4x of the MMC standard, introduced in 2005, brought in two very significant changes to compete against SD cards: ability to run at higher speeds 26 MHz and 52 MHz than the original MMC 20 MHz or SD 25 MHz, 50 MHz and a four- or eight-bit-wide data bus

Version 4x full-size cards and reduced-size cards can be marketed as MMCplus and MMCmobile respectively

Version 4x cards are fully backward compatible with existing readers but require updated hardware/software to use their new capabilities; even though the four-bit-wide bus and high-speed modes of operation are deliberately electrically compatible with SD, the initialization protocol is different, so firmware/software updates are required to use these features in an SD reader

MMCmicroedit

MMCmicro

MMCmicro is a micro-size version of MMC With dimensions of 14 mm × 12 mm × 11 mm, it is even smaller and thinner than RS-MMC Like MMCmobile, MMCmicro allows dual voltage, is backward compatible with MMC, and can be used in full-size MMC and SD slots with a mechanical adapter MMCmicro cards have the high-speed and four-bit-bus features of the 4x spec but not the eight-bit bus, due to the absence of the extra pins3

It was formerly known as S-card when introduced by Samsung on 13 December 2004 It was later adapted and introduced in 2005 by the MultiMediaCard Association MMCA as the third form factor memory card in the MultiMediaCard family4

MMCmicro appears very similar to microSD but the two formats are not physically compatible and have incompatible pinouts

MiCardedit

The MiCard is a backward-compatible extension of the MMC standard with a theoretical maximum size of 2048 GB 2 TB announced on 2 June 2007 The card is composed of two detachable parts, much like a microSD card with an SD adapter The small memory card fits directly in a USB port while it also has MMC-compatible electrical contacts, which with an included electromechanical adapter fits in traditional MMC and SD card readers To date, only one manufacturer has produced cards in this format5

Developed by Industrial Technology Research Institute of Taiwan, as of the announcement 12 Taiwanese companies including ADATA Technology, Asustek, BenQ, Carry Computer Eng Co, C-One Technology, DBTel, Power Digital Card Co, and RiCHIP had signed on to manufacture the new memory card However, as of June 2011 none of the listed companies has released any such cards, and nor have any further announcements been made about plans for the format

The card was announced to be available starting in the third quarter of 2007 It was expected to save the 12 Taiwanese companies who plan to manufacture the product and related hardware up to US$40 million in licensing fees, that presumably would otherwise be paid to owners of competing flash memory formats The initial card was to have a capacity of 8 GB, while the standard would allow sizes up to 2048 GB It was stated to have data transfer speeds of 480 Mbit/s 60 Mbyte/s, with plans to increase data throughput over time

SecureMMCedit

An additional, optional, part of the MMC 4x specification is a DRM mechanism intended to enable MMC to compete with SD or Memory Stick in this area Very little information is knowncitation needed about how SecureMMC works or how its DRM characteristics compare with its competitors

eMMCedit

The eMMC embedded MMC6 architecture puts the MMC components flash memory plus controller into a small ball grid array BGA IC package for use in circuit boards as an embedded non-volatile memory system This is noticeably different from other versions of MMC as this is not a user-removable card, but rather a permanent attachment to the circuit board eMMC also does not support the SPI-bus protocol

Almost all mobile phones and tablets use this form of flash for main storage The latest version of the eMMC standard JESD84-B51 by JEDEC is version 51 released February 2015, with speeds rivaling discrete SATA-based SSDs 400 MB/s7

Othersedit

Seagate, Hitachi and others are in the process of releasing SFF hard disk drives with an interface called CE-ATA This interface is electrically and physically compatible with MMC specification However, the command structure has been expanded to allow the host controller to issue ATA commands to control the hard disk drive

Tableedit

Main article: Comparison of memory cards Comparison of technical features of MMC and SD card variants
  • v
  • e
Type MMC RS-MMC MMCplus MMCmobile SecureMMC SDIO SD miniSD microSD
SD-socket compatible Yes Extender Yes Extender Yes Yes Yes Adapter Adapter
Pins 7 7 13 13 7 9 9 11 8
Width 24 mm 24 mm 24 mm 24 mm 24 mm 24 mm 24 mm 20 mm 11 mm
Length 32 mm 18 mm 32 mm 18 mm 32 mm 32 mm+ 32 mm 215 mm 15 mm
Thickness 14 mm 14 mm 14 mm 14 mm 14 mm 21 mm 21 mm most
14 mm rare
14 mm 1 mm
1-bit SPI-bus mode Optional Optional Optional Optional Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Max SPI bus clock 20 MHz 20 MHz 52 MHz 52 MHz 20 MHz 50 MHz 25 MHz 50 MHz 50 MHz
1-bit MMC/SD bus mode Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
4-bit MMC/SD bus mode No No Yes Yes No Optional Yes Yes Yes
8-bit MMC bus mode No No Yes Yes No No No No No
DDR mode No No Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Max MMC/SD bus clock 20 MHz 20 MHz 52 MHz 52 MHz 20 MHz 50 MHz 208 MHz 208 MHz 208 MHz
Max MMC/SD transfer rate 20 Mbit/s 20 Mbit/s 832 Mbit/s 832 Mbit/s 20 Mbit/s 200 Mbit/s 832 Mbit/s 832 Mbit/s 832 Mbit/s
Interrupts No No No No No Optional No No No
DRM support No No No No Yes N/A Yes Yes Yes
User encrypt No No No No Yes No No No No
Simplified spec Yes Yes No No Unknown Yes Yes No No
Membership cost JEDEC: US$4,400/yr, optional SD Card Association: US$2,000/year, general; US$4,500/year, executive
Specification cost Free Unknown Simplified: free Full: membership, or US$1,000/year to R&D non-members
Host license No No No No No US$1,000/year, excepting SPI-mode only use
Card royalties Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, US$1,000/year Yes Yes Yes
Open-source compatible Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nominal voltage 33 V 33 V 33 V89 18 V/33 V 18 V/33 V 33 V 33 V SDSC,
18/33 V SDHC & SDXC
33 V miniSD,
18/33 V miniSDHC
33 V SDSC,
18/33 V microSDHC & microSDXC
Max capacity 128 GB 2 GB 128 GB 2 GB 128 GB   2 GB SD,
32 GB SDHC,
512 GB SDXC,
2 TB SDXC, theoretical
2 GB miniSD,
16 GB miniSDHC
2 GB microSD,
32 GB microSDHC,
256 GB microSDXC,
2 TB microSDXC, theoretical
Type MMC RS-MMC MMCplus MMCmobile SecureMMC SDIO SD miniSD microSD
  • Table data compiled from MMC, SD, and SDIO specifications from SD Association and JEDEC web sites Data for other card variations are interpolated

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Scott Mueller Upgrading And Repairing PCs 21st Edition TomsHardwarecom Que Publishing ISBN 978-0789750006 
  2. ^ "MC2GH512NMCA-2SA00 datasheet1/102 Pages SAMSUNG | SAMSUNG MultiMediaCard" HtmlAllDatasheetcom 2005-09-22 Retrieved 2013-11-13 
  3. ^ "Samsung Semiconductor Global Official Website" in Russian Samsungcom Retrieved 2013-11-13 
  4. ^ allmemorycardscom, MMCmicro Extracted 22 April 2006
  5. ^ "Pretec Announces S-Diamond, 1st In the World to Implement miCARD Standard" Retrieved 21 January 2010 
  6. ^ What is eMMC on Datalight
  7. ^ "eMMC v51" JEDEC Retrieved 2015-08-21 
  8. ^ MMC 41 Specification PDF, JEDEC, 2008, p 7 
  9. ^ MMC 40 spec does not support 18V PDF, United States: Transcend, 2009 

External linksedit


Organizationsedit

  • JEDEC - Solid State Technology Association

Specificationsedit

  • eMMC Embedded MMC Standard MMCA 44 JESD84-A44March 2009 registration required
  • MMCplus 13 Pin Full Size MultiMediaCard MMC Outline MO-277A registration required
  • MMCmobile 13 Pin Reduced Size MultiMediaCard MMC Outline MO-278A registration required
  • MMCmicro 10 Pin Micro Size MultiMediaCard MMC Outline MO-279A registration required

Otheredit

  • Sandisk OEM Manual for MMC and RS-MMC PDF
  • KingMax MMC technical document PDF
  • MMC pinout tech
  • MMCplus pinout tech

multimedia card, multimedia card (mmc), multimedia card adapter, multimedia card association, multimedia card driver, multimedia card mmc-16m, multimedia card plus, multimedia card reader, multimedia card sd memory card, multimedia card specification


MultiMediaCard Information about

MultiMediaCard


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    29.10.2014


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