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Morrow County, Oregon

morrow county oregon school district, morrow county oregon elections map
Morrow County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,1731 The county seat is Heppner2 The county is named for one of its first white settlers, Jackson L Morrow, who was a member of the state legislature when the county was created Half of the Umatilla Chemical Depot, which includes the Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility, is within the county

Morrow County is part of the Pendleton–Hermiston, OR, Micropolitan Statistical Area It is located on the south side of the Columbia River and is included in the eight-county definition of Eastern Oregon

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Transportation
    • 61 Airports
    • 62 Major Roads
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Morrow County was created in 1885 from the western portion of Umatilla County and a small portion of eastern Wasco County3 Heppner was designated the temporary county seat at the time the county was created and narrowly defeated Lexington in the election held in 1887 to determine the permanent county seat

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,049 square miles 5,310 km2, of which 2,032 square miles 5,260 km2 is land and 17 square miles 44 km2 08% is covered by water4

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Gilliam County - west
  • Wheeler County - southwest
  • Grant County - south
  • Umatilla County - east
  • Benton County, Washington - north
  • Klickitat County, Washington - northwest

National protected areasedit

  • Umatilla National Forest part
  • Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 4,205
1900 4,151 −13%
1910 4,357 50%
1920 5,617 289%
1930 4,941 −120%
1940 4,337 −122%
1950 4,783 103%
1960 4,871 18%
1970 4,465 −83%
1980 7,519 684%
1990 7,625 14%
2000 10,995 442%
2010 11,173 16%
Est 2016 11,274 09%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 10,995 people, 3,776 households, and 2,718 families residing in the county The population density was 5 people per square mile 2/km² There were 4,296 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile 1/km² The racial makeup of the county was 7627% White, 014% Black or African American, 142% Native American, 045% Asian, 008% Pacific Islander, 1954% from other races, and 214% from two or more races 2443% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 136% were of German, 128% American, 83% Irish and 80% English ancestry 773% spoke English and 223% Spanish as their first language

There were 3,776 households out of which 3891% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6260% were married couples living together, 887% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2270% were non-families 1813% of all households were made up of individuals and 740% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 290 and the average family size was 328

In the county, the population was spread out with 3080% under the age of 18, 890% from 18 to 24, 2730% from 25 to 44, 2240% from 45 to 64, and 1060% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 33 years For every 100 females there were 10650 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 10610 males

The median income for a household in the county was $37,525, and the median income for a family was $40,731 Males had a median income of $32,328 versus $22,887 for females The per capita income for the county was $15,843 1480% of the population and 1130% of families are below the poverty line Out of the total population, 2160% of those under the age of 18 and 101% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,173 people, 3,916 households, and 2,953 families residing in the county11 The population density was 55 inhabitants per square mile 21/km2 There were 4,442 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile 085/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 777% white, 12% American Indian, 09% Asian, 05% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 169% from other races, and 26% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 313% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 195% were German, 131% were English, 107% were Irish, and 50% were American13

Of the 3,916 households, 377% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 597% were married couples living together, 96% had a female householder with no husband present, 246% were non-families, and 191% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 285 and the average family size was 325 The median age was 365 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $43,902 and the median income for a family was $49,868 Males had a median income of $38,045 versus $30,173 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,201 About 124% of families and 153% of the population were below the poverty line, including 217% of those under age 18 and 39% of those age 65 or over14

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results15
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 653% 2,721 244% 1,017 103% 429
2012 652% 2,532 310% 1,202 38% 148
2008 618% 2,509 348% 1,410 34% 139
2004 659% 2,732 328% 1,361 14% 56
2000 616% 2,224 332% 1,197 52% 188
1996 415% 1,381 428% 1,426 157% 524
1992 342% 1,187 338% 1,174 320% 1,113
1988 515% 1,529 463% 1,375 22% 66
1984 627% 2,130 369% 1,254 04% 13
1980 550% 1,728 343% 1,077 107% 336
1976 461% 1,091 491% 1,162 48% 114
1972 528% 1,059 358% 718 115% 230
1968 543% 1,068 405% 797 52% 102
1964 299% 627 701% 1,470 00% 0
1960 491% 1,003 509% 1,039 00% 0
1956 550% 1,092 450% 893 00% 0
1952 613% 1,254 384% 786 02% 5
1948 463% 751 517% 838 20% 33
1944 468% 747 524% 836 08% 13
1940 433% 758 560% 979 07% 12
1936 276% 518 630% 1,181 93% 175
1932 362% 579 580% 929 58% 93
1928 649% 1,093 322% 543 29% 49
1924 533% 991 214% 397 253% 470
1920 688% 1,186 261% 451 51% 88
1916 441% 748 489% 830 70% 119
1912 426% 447 262% 275 312% 328
1908 621% 680 248% 272 131% 143
1904 651% 875 171% 230 178% 239

Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Morrow County are members of the Republican Party In the 2008 presidential election 6194% of Morrow County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3462% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 344% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate16 These numbers show a slight shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 648% of Morrow Country voters voted for George W Bush, while 338% voted for John Kerry, and 14% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate17

18

Economyedit

The principal industries in the county today include agriculture, food processing, lumber, livestock, and recreation The Columbia River also provides Morrow County with a number of related jobs A coal-fired generating plant in Boardman also employs a significant number of people

A grain elevator just outside Ione

Early cattlemen found an abundance of rye along the creek bottoms of the region and drove their herds into the area to forage on these natural pastures Ranching was the primary economic force in the county for many years Increased settlement, the enclosure of the free grazing lands and diminished pastures due to overgrazing, resulted in the decline of ranching during the 19th century, and farming became predominant The completion of rail lines into the county in 1883 increased access to markets and encouraged wheat production in the area The advent of technology for center pivot irrigation has been a further stimulus to the local economy

The Port of Morrow, situated on the Columbia River near the city of Boardman, was established in 1957

The coal-fired electricity generation plant, the Boardman Turbine Coal Plant 601 megawatts, is 14 miles 23 km southwest of the town of Boardman and is owned by Portland General Electric PGE; 66%-owned and operated, Idaho Power 10%, Pacific Northwest Generating 10%, and General Electric Credit Corp 16% There are also two natural gas-fired plants located at the Port of Morrow; Coyote Springs I 255-276 MW, owned and operated by Portland General Electric; and Coyote Springs II 241-280 MW; PGE operator owned by Avista Corp

Transportationedit

Airportsedit

  • Boardman Airport
  • Lexington Airport

Major Roadsedit

  • Interstate 84
  • US Route 30
    • US Route 730
  • Oregon Route 74
  • Oregon Route 206
  • Oregon Route 207

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Boardman
  • Heppner county seat
  • Ione
  • Irrigon
  • Lexington

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Castle Rock former post office
  • Cecil
  • Clarke
  • Eightmile
  • Ella
  • Gooseberry
  • Hardman ghost town
  • Lena
  • Morgan
  • Pine City
  • Ruggs
  • Valby

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Morrow County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Oregon: Individual County Chronologies" Oregon Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 26, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  16. ^ http://wwwmorrowcountyoregoncom/clerk/election/2008/unofficialNovember42008returnspdf Retrieved on 4/21/09
  17. ^ http://wwwcity-datacom/county/Umatilla_County-ORhtml Retrieved on 4/21/09
  18. ^ http://wwwsosstateorus/elections/votreg/mar09pdf Retrieved on 4/21/09

External linksedit

  • Morrow County
  • Morrow County Parks
  • Morrow County History from the Oregon State Archives

Coordinates: 45°25′N 119°34′W / 4542°N 11957°W / 4542; -11957

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Morrow County, Oregon


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