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Monroe, New Hampshire

monroe new hampshire chamber of commerce, monroe new hampshire historic photos
Monroe is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 788 at the 2010 census1 The town is located along a bend of the Connecticut River, across from Barnet, Vermont It was originally chartered as part of Lyman


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geology
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


In 1762 Colonial Governor John Wentworth issued a grant "Number 11" to 64 persons obligated to clear, farm and settle one tenth of each of their parcels or forfeit the grant Only two made the attempt but the charter was extended, in 1769, for another five years Eleven of the original 64 grantees were named Lyman In that same year, Wentworth also granted to one Colonel John Hurd of Portsmouth part of the land which is today within the bounds of Monroe The grant was named Hurd's Location and included five small islands in the Connecticut River, known as "Deer Islands," and a parcel of land from below the present Village Bridge to the foot of Fifteen Mile Falls2:13, 29

In addition to Hurd's Location, and the governor's 500 acres 20 km2, there were 23 lots of the 64 portions of Lyman located in "West Lyman," or the "Lyman Plain," now Monroe, making up less than 7,500 acres 30 km2 of the present area A portion of Bath, to the south, was annexed in 18972:63, 637 map

The first known settlers on the "West Lyman" portion of Lyman were John Hyndman also, "John Hinman", with his wife and son, who settled on the largest of the Deer Islands below the present-day Barnet Bridge in 1784 and built a log cabin When Colonel Hurd found out about it, he sued to have Hyndman evicted A Barnet benefactor settled the controversy by purchasing title from Hurd The first permanent settlers also came in the 1780s They were the Olmstead families: Joseph, Timothy, and Israel, their wives and children2:33-34 The first native son, Ethan Smith, was born in a cabin on the Canaan Road over the Gardner Mountain to Lyman in 1784

Because of the difficulty traversing the steep "Gardner's Mountain" sic, running north to south through the original Lyman grant of 1761, the settlers of the western portion had different priorities and needs than the rest of Lyman to the east Monroe was incorporated as a separate town in 18543 After appropriate consideration of the options, it was named after former President James Monroe It had 619 residents in 1860 and 504 in 18804

"Captain"5 Phillip Paddleford, a Revolutionary soldier, settled in 1790, and built Monroe's first sawmill and gristmill on what is now called Smith Brook Peter Paddleford 1785-1859 was the inventor of the wooden Paddleford Truss for covered bridges Many of his original bridges still stand6 He was the builder of the "third Lyman Bridge" from Monroe to McIndoes, Vermont, in 1833, after the 1826 floods had taken out all bridges on the Connecticut River It was a covered bridge of pine, over 300 feet 91 m long, lasted over 96 years and was one of the oldest on the river2:146


Parts of the Ammonoosuc Gold Fields, which have never been successfully mined, are in Monroe "Within the limits of the town are the narrows, at which place the Connecticut River is only five rods in width, being confined by walls of slate"4 Several copper mines were excavated along the "Back Road" now named Coppermine Road and many parcels continue to have separate mining rights

Test borings and surface samples during the 1928-1930 construction of Frank D Comerford Dam, in the Connecticut River, provided new geologic information regarding de-glaciation of the White Mountains,7 and became the namesake of the "Comerford Suite" The dam, located on what was once called "Fifteen Mile Falls", is now used for flood control, irrigation and generation of electrical power for transmission to New England states At the time of its construction, it was the largest "retaining wall" in the United States, representing more than 90,000 cubic yards 69,000 m3 of concrete2:110

Prior to the establishment of a series of dams, the river dropped 367 feet 112 m in 15 miles 24 km, from Dalton to Bath


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 238 square miles 616 km2, of which 223 square miles 578 km2 is land and 11 square miles 28 km2 is water, comprising 627% of the town8 The town is bounded by the Connecticut River which is also the state boundary with Vermont to its west and the long ridge of Gardner Mountain to the east Signal Mountain, a knob on Gardner Mountain, is the highest point in Monroe, measuring 2,299 feet 701 m above sea level It has long been a major surveying reference point for maps and plats of the area between Mount Mansfield and Mount Washington2:110

NH 135 runs through the town, substantially parallel to the river, linking Monroe to Littleton to the north and Bath to the south A northwestern segment of Bath was annexed to Monroe in 1895, stimulated by its shared geography with Monroe


Historical population
1860 619
1870 532 −141%
1880 504 −53%
1890 478 −52%
1900 545 140%
1910 429 −213%
1920 356 −170%
1930 457 284%
1940 430 −59%
1950 410 −47%
1960 421 27%
1970 385 −86%
1980 619 608%
1990 746 205%
2000 759 17%
2010 788 38%
Est 2015 778 −13%
US Decennial Census10

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 759 people, 310 households, and 231 families residing in the town The population density was 339 people per square mile 131/km² There were 333 housing units at an average density of 149 per square mile 57/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9763% White, 000% African American, 000% Native American, 013% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 000% from other races, and 224% from two or more races 000% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 310 households out of which 277% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 658% were married couples living together, 55% had a female householder with no husband present, and 252% were non-families 210% of all households were made up of individuals and 116% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 245 and the average family size was 282

In the town, the population was spread out with 225% under the age of 18, 59% from 18 to 24, 241% from 25 to 44, 282% from 45 to 64, and 192% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 44 years For every 100 females there were 1003 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1014 males

Median resident age: 439 years Median house value: $98,70012 22% of Monroe residents age 25 and older have a bachelor's or advanced college degree13

The median income for a household in the town was $42,411, and the median income for a family was $46,346 Males had a median income of $35,125 versus $26,458 for females The per capita income for the town was $19,730 16% of the population and 09% of families were below the poverty line 00% of those under the age of 18 and 21% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line

Notable peopleedit

  • Jean Harris, defendant in a high-profile murder case of her ex-lover Dr Herman Tarnower; lived in Monroecitation needed


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b c d e f Frances Ann Johnson 1955 The History of Monroe, New Hampshire Courier Printing Company  reprint by Higginson Book Company, Salem, MA
  3. ^ Hamilton Child, Gazetteer of Grafton County NH, 1709-1886; Syracuse, NY June 1886, "History of Lyman", p 512
  4. ^ a b Hamilton Child, Gazetteer of Grafton County NH, 1709-1886, Syracuse, NY June 1886, "History of Monroe", p 551
  5. ^ Title was an honorific bestowed by a grateful citizenry on many returning veterans of the Revolutionary War Paddleford was actually a private
  6. ^ "Vermont Bridges" The Paddleford Truss Retrieved 2007-01-02 
  7. ^ Thompson, Woodrow; et al 1999 "Deglaciation of the Northwestern White Mountains, New Hampshire" Géographie Physique et Quaternaire 53 1 Retrieved April 7, 2017 CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al link
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Monroe town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 13, 2011 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  12. ^ "City Data" Monroe, New Hampshire Retrieved 2007-01-03 
  13. ^ "ePodunk" Monroe, New Hampshire Retrieved 2007-01-03 

External linksedit

  • Town of Monroe website Site includes historic photographs as well as current events
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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